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Table 2 Risk factors of stroke subtypes among adult patients admitted to stroke unit of JUMC from March10–July 10, 2017

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Risk factors, clinical presentations and predictors of stroke among adult patients admitted to stroke unit of Jimma university medical center, south west Ethiopia: prospective observational study

Stroke risk factorsTotal patients (n = 114)Ischemic stroke (n = 59)Hemorrhagic stroke (n = 55)OR (P value)
HypertensionNew diagnosis18 (20.5%)7 (16.3%)11 (24.4%)1.00
Previous history70 (79.5%)36 (83.7%)34 (75.6%)0.345
Family history (n = 39)Hypertension21 (53.8%12 (60.0%)9 (47.4%)0.584
Sudden death15 (38.5%7 (35.0%)8 (42.1%)0.675
Diabetes mellitus10 (25.6%)6 (30%)4 (21.1%)0.585
Ischemic heart disease5 (12.8%)2 (10%)3 (15.8%)0.595
Stroke2 (5.1%)2 (10%)0 (0%)0.999
Alcohol intakeFormer drinker22 (84.6%10 (100%)12 (75.0%)1.00
Current alcohol use4 (15.4%)0 (0%)4 (25.0%)0.999
SmokingCurrent smoker10 (50.0%)1 (16.7%)9 (64.3%)0.074
Former smoker10 (50.0%)5 (83.3%5 (35.7%)1.00
Heart failure20 (17.2%)16 (26.7%)4 (7.1%)0.009
Atrial fibrillation19 (16.4%)15 (25.0%)4 (7.1%)0.014
Overweight/central obesity18 (15.5%)13 (21.7%)5 (8.9%)0.066
Hematological disorders (n = 17)Polycythemia7 (41.2%)5 (45.5%)2 (33.3%)0.407
Anemia6 (35.3%)4 (36.4%)2 (33.3%)0.459
Thrombocytopenia5 (29.4%)3 (27.3%)2 (33.3%)0.706
Thrombocytosis1 (5.9%)1 (9.1%)0 (0%)
Diet (low fruit and vegetable)15 (12.9%)10 (16.7%)5 (8.9%)0.221
Coronary disease (CHD, IHD)14 (12.1%)11 (18.3%)3 (5.4%)0.043
Hypertensive heart disease (HHD)13 (11.2%)10 (16.7%)3 (5.4%)0.066
Physical inactivity/sedentary life13 (11.2%)9 (15.0%)4 (7.1%)0.189
Migraine or headache12 (10.3%)2 (3.3%)10 (17.9%)0.021
Psychosocial stress10 (8.6%)2 (3.3%)8 (14.3%)0.053
Traumatic brain /head injury9 (7.8%)2 (3.3%)7 (12.5%)0.085
Previous stroke9 (7.8%)8 (13.3%)1 (1.9%)0.048
Diabetes mellitusNewly diagnosed4 (50%1 (25%)3 (75%)1.00
Previous history4 (50%)3 (75%)1 (25%)0.178
Contraceptive drug use8 (6.9%)5 (8.3%)3 (5.4%)0.530
Hyperlipidemia (all newly diagnosed)6 (5.2%)5 (8.3%)1 (1.8%)0.148
Infective meningitis (TB / bacterial meningitis)5 (4.3%)1 (1.7%)4 (7.1%)0.182
Oral anticoagulant5 (4.3%)5 (8.3%)0 (0%)0.999
Nephrotic syndrome (Chronic kidney diseases)4 (3.4%)3 (5.0%)1 (1.8%)0.364
Epilepsy/seizure3 (2.6%)2 (3.3%)1 (1.8%)0.527
Other Malignancy/ history of other cancer3 (2.6%)1 (1.7%)2 (3.6%)0.528
Preeclampsia-eclampsia3 (2.6%)2 (3.3%)1 (1.8%)0.605
Other cardiovascular diseases such as DCM3 (2.6%3 (5.0%)0 (0%)0.999
VTE (hypercoagulable state)2 (1.7%)1 (1.7%)1 (1.8%)0.961
Hyperuricemia1 (0.9%)1 (1.7%)0 (0%)
Thyrotoxicosis1 (0.9%)1 (1.7%)0 (0%)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)1 (0.9%)1 (1.7%)0 (0%)
Valvular heart disease1 (0.9%)1 (1.7%)0 (0%)
HIV1(0.9%)1 (1.7%0 (0%)
Other comorbidities3 (2.6%)3 (5%)0 (0%)0.999
  1. CHD Coronary Heart Disease, DCM Dilated Cardiomyopathy, HIV Human Immune Virus, IHD Ischemic Heart Disease, OR Odds ratio, TB Tuberculosis, VTE Venous thromboembolism