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Table 2 Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms among all the subjects and women and men based on the LUTS Score

From: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms based on individual and clinical parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis

LUTS [n (%)]TotalWomenMenP
528 (87.7)a418 (88.2)110(85.9)0.492**
Storage symptoms
 daytime frequency (Patient who considers that he/she urinates too often by day)249 (41.4)203 (42.8)46 (35.9)0.160**
 Nocturia (Waking up at night one or more times to urinate)357 (59.3)289 (61.0)68 (53.1)0.109**
 Urgency (A sudden compelling desire to urinate)344 (57.1)275 (58.0)69 (53.9)0.404**
 Urgency urinary incontinence (Involuntary leakage of urine accompanied by or immediately preceded by sudden need to rush to urinate)217 (36.0)174 (36.7)43 (33.6)0.515**
 Enuresis (involuntary urination)19 (3.2)16 (3.4)3 (2.3)0.777***
 Stress urinary incontinence (Involuntary leakage of urine on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing)182 (30.2)160 (33.8)22 (17.2)<  0.001**
 Leakage of urine during sexual activity17 (2.8)15 (3.2)2 (1.6)0.547***
 Nocturnal enuresis (Leakage of urine occurring during sleep)33 (5.5)24 (5.1)9 (7.0)0.385**
Voiding symptoms
 Weak/slow stream (Perception of weak/reduced urine flow, usually compared with previous performance)171 (28.4)131 (27.6)40 (31.3)0.421**
 Split stream (Splitting or spraying of the urine stream may be reported)159 (26.4)129 (27.2)30 (23.4)0.390**
 Intermittent urine stream (Urine flow stops and starts on one or more occasions during micturition)217 (36.0)160 (33.8)57 (44.5)0.024**
 Hesitancy (Difficulty in initiating urination resulting in a delay in the onset of urination after the individual is ready to pass urine)239 (39.7)169 (35.7)70 (54.7)<  0.001**
 Straining (Muscular effort used to either initiate, maintain, or improve the urinary stream)153 (25.4)106 (22.4)47 (36.7)0.001**
 Terminal dribble (A trickle or dribble at the end of the urine flow)64(10.6)44(9.3)20(15.6)0.39**
Post-micturition symptoms
 Feeling of incomplete emptying (Feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination)260 (43.2)202 (42.6)58 (45.3)0.585**
 Post-micturition dribble (Involuntary loss of urine immediately after an individual has finished passing urine171 (28.4)124 (26.2)47 (36.7)0.019**
Other genitourinary symptoms
 Bladder pain (Pain or discomfort in the bladder area)106 (17.6)84 (17.7)22 (17.2)0.880**
 Dysuria (Burning sensation during urination)88 (14.6)64 (13.5)24 (18.8)0.136**
  1. LUTS Lower urinary tract symptoms; a Of the 602 participants, 528 (87.7%) reported some type of LUTS; Data was presented as frequency (percentage), ** P-values were derived from chi-square test.). *** P-values were derived from Fisher’s exact test