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Table 2 Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms among all the subjects and women and men based on the LUTS Score

From: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms based on individual and clinical parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis

LUTS [n (%)] Total Women Men P
528 (87.7)a 418 (88.2) 110(85.9) 0.492**
Storage symptoms
 daytime frequency (Patient who considers that he/she urinates too often by day) 249 (41.4) 203 (42.8) 46 (35.9) 0.160**
 Nocturia (Waking up at night one or more times to urinate) 357 (59.3) 289 (61.0) 68 (53.1) 0.109**
 Urgency (A sudden compelling desire to urinate) 344 (57.1) 275 (58.0) 69 (53.9) 0.404**
 Urgency urinary incontinence (Involuntary leakage of urine accompanied by or immediately preceded by sudden need to rush to urinate) 217 (36.0) 174 (36.7) 43 (33.6) 0.515**
 Enuresis (involuntary urination) 19 (3.2) 16 (3.4) 3 (2.3) 0.777***
 Stress urinary incontinence (Involuntary leakage of urine on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing) 182 (30.2) 160 (33.8) 22 (17.2) <  0.001**
 Leakage of urine during sexual activity 17 (2.8) 15 (3.2) 2 (1.6) 0.547***
 Nocturnal enuresis (Leakage of urine occurring during sleep) 33 (5.5) 24 (5.1) 9 (7.0) 0.385**
Voiding symptoms
 Weak/slow stream (Perception of weak/reduced urine flow, usually compared with previous performance) 171 (28.4) 131 (27.6) 40 (31.3) 0.421**
 Split stream (Splitting or spraying of the urine stream may be reported) 159 (26.4) 129 (27.2) 30 (23.4) 0.390**
 Intermittent urine stream (Urine flow stops and starts on one or more occasions during micturition) 217 (36.0) 160 (33.8) 57 (44.5) 0.024**
 Hesitancy (Difficulty in initiating urination resulting in a delay in the onset of urination after the individual is ready to pass urine) 239 (39.7) 169 (35.7) 70 (54.7) <  0.001**
 Straining (Muscular effort used to either initiate, maintain, or improve the urinary stream) 153 (25.4) 106 (22.4) 47 (36.7) 0.001**
 Terminal dribble (A trickle or dribble at the end of the urine flow) 64(10.6) 44(9.3) 20(15.6) 0.39**
Post-micturition symptoms
 Feeling of incomplete emptying (Feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination) 260 (43.2) 202 (42.6) 58 (45.3) 0.585**
 Post-micturition dribble (Involuntary loss of urine immediately after an individual has finished passing urine 171 (28.4) 124 (26.2) 47 (36.7) 0.019**
Other genitourinary symptoms
 Bladder pain (Pain or discomfort in the bladder area) 106 (17.6) 84 (17.7) 22 (17.2) 0.880**
 Dysuria (Burning sensation during urination) 88 (14.6) 64 (13.5) 24 (18.8) 0.136**
  1. LUTS Lower urinary tract symptoms; a Of the 602 participants, 528 (87.7%) reported some type of LUTS; Data was presented as frequency (percentage), ** P-values were derived from chi-square test.). *** P-values were derived from Fisher’s exact test