Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of children with epilepsy

From: Serum α-synuclein and IL-1β are increased and correlated with measures of disease severity in children with epilepsy: potential prognostic biomarkers?

Epilepsy syndromes% (N)Duration of epilepsy (years)% (N)
Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes16 (18)<  155 (63)
Benign infantile epilepsy2 (3)1~313 (15)
Early myoclonic encephalopathy1 (1)3~58 (9)
Late onset childhood occipital epilepsy2 (3)≥ 524 (28)
Temporal lobe epilepsy11 (12)  
Panayiotopoulos syndrome4 (4)  
Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizure plus7 (8)Age at seizure onset (years)% (N)
Childhood absence epilepsy7 (8)<  134 (39)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy5 (6)1~317 (19)
Lennox Gastaut syndrome24 (28)3~510 (12)
Idiopathic generalized epilepsy16 (18)5~712 (14)
Symptomatic generalized epilepsy5 (6)≥ 727 (31)
Epilepsy etiology% (N)Duration of last seizure before blood collection (minutes)% (N)
Structural3 (4)<  583 (72)
Genetic10 (11)5~1011 (10)
Dravet syndrome510~307 (6)
Lafora diseases3≥ 3014 (12)
Rett syndrome2  
Infectious0  
Immune0  
Neurodevelopmental comorbidities% (N)Number of antiepileptic drugs (N)% (N)
ADHD18 (16)160 (70)
Autism spectrum disorder4 (3)215 (17)
Mental retardation31 (27)≥ 325 (28)
  1. N, number; ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder