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Table 6 The relationship between EDSS score and various costs imposed on pwms

From: Economic costs incurred by the patients with multiple sclerosis at different levels of the disease: a cross-sectional study in Northwest Iran

Cost type IRRa USDb EUROc βe P-value
Bd Std. Error Bd Std. Error Bd Std. Error
Direct medical costs 7,462,080 27,233,210 177.66 648.40 151.42 552.62 0.157 0.007
Direct non-medical cost 1,426,870 1,662,640 33.97 39.58 28.95 33.73 0.050 0.391
Indirect cost − 749,700 427,760 −17.85 10.18 −15.21 8.68 −0.101 0.081
Total cost 8,139,260 3,265,050 193.79 77.73 165.16 66.25 0.143 0.013
  1. aThe Iranian Rial
  2. bUnited States Dollar
  3. cThe EUROope Currency
  4. dB or unstandardized beta: it refers to the slope of the line between the predictor variable (EDSS score) and the dependent variable (costs of illness)
  5. eβ or standardized beta: it refers to the percentage change in dependent variable (costs of illness) due to a unit change in predictor variable (EDSS score)