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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Severe pain-related adverse events of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy performed by a neurointensivist compared with conventional surgical tracheostomy in neurocritically ill patients

 PDT performed by a neurointensivist (n = 71)Conventional surgical method (n = 85)P value
Age (yr) — mean ± SD58.1 ± 15.560.8 ± 13.20.245
Gender, male — No. of patients (%)35 (49.3)39 (45.9)0.671
BMI (kg/m2) — mean ± SD23.7 ± 3.723.8 ± 4.00.815
Obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2) — No. of patients (%)4 (5.6)5 (5.9)0.999
Comorbidities — No. of patients (%)
 Hypertension38 (53.5)52 (61.2)0.335
 Diabetes mellitus23 (32.4)22 (25.9)0.371
 Malignancy23 (32.4)13 (15.3)0.012
 Dyslipidemia13 (18.3)22 (25.9)0.259
 Chronic kidney disease5 (7.0)6 (7.1)0.997
 Coronary artery disease4 (5.6)5 (5.9)0.999
 Chronic liver disease3 (4.2)4 (4.7)0.999
Reason for ICU admission — No. of patients (%)  0.012
 Brain tumor34 (47.9)19 (22.4) 
 Intracranial hemorrhage10 (14.1)22 (25.9) 
 Traumatic brain injury12 (16.9)19 (22.4) 
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage8 (11.3)20 (23.5) 
 Cerebral infarction2 (2.8)4 (4.7) 
 CNS infection1 (1.4)1 (1.2) 
 Other4 (5.6)1 (1.2) 
GCS on ICU admission — mean ± SD7.7 ± 4.06.2 ± 2.70.008
APACHE II score on ICU admission — mean ± SD26.0 ± 5.127.4 ± 4.30.050
  1. PDT Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, TIA transient ischemic attack, ICU intensive care unit, CNS central nerve system, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation