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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of ischemic stroke patients according to adherence to a Mediterranean diet using MEDAS score

From: Pre-stroke adherence to a Mediterranean diet pattern is associated with lower acute ischemic stroke severity: a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective hospital-register study

VariableHigh adherence
N (%)
151 (41)
Low adherence
N (%)
217 (59)
Total
N (%)
368 (100)
P Value
Age, years, mean (SDa)69.9 (16.9)67.2 (18.7)68.3 (17.7)0.1
Gender (female)66 (43.7)92 (42.4)158 (42.9)0.8
Hypertension89 (58.9)133 (61.3)222 (60.3)0.5
Diabetes Mellitus17 (11.2)41 (18.9)58 (15.7)0.04
Insulin resistance15 (9.9)17 (7.8)32 (8.7)0.4
Dyslipidemia56 (37.0)67 (30.8)123 (33.4)0.2
Coronary artery disease20 (13.2)28 (9.21)48 (13.0)0.7
Atrial fibrillation26 (17.2)40 (18.4)66 (17.9)0.7
Prior stroke27 (17.9)36 (16.6)63 (17.1)0.7
Chronic Renal Failure8 (5.3)21 (9.7)29 (7.9)0.1
Mood disorder19 (12.6)32 (14.7)51 (13.8)0.5
Current smoker34 (22.5)46 (21.2)80 (21.7)0.2
Alcohol consumption76 (50.3)83 (38.4)159 (43.3)0.02
Sedentary lifestyle90 (59.6)172 (79.3)262 (71.2)< 0.001
Previous dependencyb11 (7.3)29 (13.4)40 (10.9)0.06
Time from symptom onset to admission, median (IQRc)165 (72–706)248 (78–1385)228 (68–784)0.03
Admission Systolic Blood Pressure, mean (SD)148 (25.0)151 (26.2)150 (25.7)0.1
Admission Diastolic Blood Pressure, mean (SD)80.9 (15.1)83.3 (17.6)83.3 (16.6)0.1
Admission body mass index, Mean (SD)25.1 (3.4)26.7 (4.4)26.0 (4.1)0.001
Admission NIHSSd median (IQR)c2-(1-6)4 (2-11)3 (1-7)0.0006
Vessel occlusion45 (29.8)72 (33.2)117 (31.8)0.5
Intravenous thrombolysis use53 (35.1978 (35.9)131 (35.6)0.8
Intra-arterial thrombectomy18 (11.9)20 (9.0)38 (10.3)0.4
Large-artery atherosclerosis29 (19.1)47 (21.7)76 (20.7)0.5
Cardioembolic48 (31.7)62 (28.7)110 (29.29)0.5
Dissection11 (7.2)18 (8.3)29 (7.9)0.7
Other determined10 (6.2)14 (6.4)24 (6.5)0.9
Cryptogenic (complete work-up)48 (31.8)52 (23.9)100 (27.1)0.09
Undetermined (incomplete work-up)3 (1.9)6 (2.7)9 (2.4)0.6
Not classifiable (2 or more causes)4 (2.6)14 (6.4)18 (4.9)0.09
Glucose, (mg/dl), mean117.3 (35.6)124.9 (47.6)121.7 (43.1)0.07
Total cholesterol, (mg/dl), mean157.3 (45.8)169.2 (47.4)164.1 (46.9)0.02
LDLe cholesterol, (mg/dl), mean99.2 (38.8)110.9 (43.4)105.9 (42.1)0.01
HDLf cholesterol, (mg/dl), mean48.6 (14.8)47.2 (15.2)48.1 (15.0)0.6
Triglycerides, (mg/dl), mean130.7 (111.9)138.4 (82.6)135.1 (96.3)0.2
HbA1cg (%), median (IQRc)5.6 (5.3–6.0)5.6 (5.3–6.0)5.6 (5.3–6.0)0.8
Hemoglobin, (g/dl), mean13.9 (1.7)13.7 (2.1)13.8 (1.9)0.5
Leucocyte count2639 (4479)2643 (4439)2641 (4449)0.9
  1. aSD standard deviation, bmRS (modified Rankin Scale) = 3–5, cIQR interquartile range, dNIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, eLDL Low-Density Lipoprotein, fHDL High-density Lipoprotein, gHbA1c glycosylated haemoglobin A1c