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Table 1 Description of the study sample by sex (individuals with self-reported chronic headache residing in Austria, Austrian Health Interview Survey, 2013–2015, n = 963)

From: Assessment of quality of life in individuals with chronic headache. Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF

  Sex p-value*
Male Female
N 239 724  
Age    0.22
 15–29 years 28 (11.7%) 84 (11.6%)  
 30–44 years 72 (30.1%) 263 (36.3%)  
 45–59 years 91 (38.1%) 265 (36.6%)  
 60+ years 48 (20.1%) 112 (15.5%)  
Partnership status    0.80
 Living in a partnership 150 (62.8%) 461 (63.7%)  
 Not living in a partnership 89 (37.2%) 263 (36.3%)  
Net equivalence income of respondent’s household    0.34
 Below 1st quantile 64 (26.8%) 183 (25.3%)  
 Between 1st and 2nd quantile 48 (20.1%) 177 (24.4%)  
 Between 2nd and 3rd quantile 41 (17.2%) 146 (20.2%)  
 Between 3rd and 4th quantile 49 (20.5%) 129 (17.8%)  
 Between 4th and 5th quantile 37 (15.5%) 89 (12.3%)  
Educational level    0.01
 Primary/lower secondary 42 (17.6%) 189 (26.1%)  
 Upper secondary/post-secondary (non-tertiary) 152 (63.6%) 389 (53.7%)  
 Tertiary education (bachlor, master, doctoral) 45 (18.8%) 146 (20.2%)  
  1. Note. Because of rounding not all percentages add up to 100%. * p-value from chi-square test