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Table 4 Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA), International HIV dementia scale (IHDS), and the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL)

From: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders at Moi teaching and referral hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Item N Mean (SD) or n (%)
MoCA 360 21.2 (4.2)
 Range (Min. – Max.)   12.0–30.0
  Mild ANI/MND (MoCA < 26) 360 292 (81.1%)
  Normal (MoCA ≥26)   68 (18.9%)
IHDS 360 9.8 (1.7)
 Range (Min. – Max.)   5.0–12.0
  HAD (IHDS < 10)   9 (2.5%)
  No HAD (IHDS ≥10) 360 351 (97.5%)
IADL 360 8.0 (0.3)
 Range (Min. – Max.)   5.0–8.0
Experienced functional impairment 360 13 (3.6%)
Activity
 Food preparation/Housekeeping/Laundry   1 (7.7%)
 Food preparation/Laundry 13 2 (15.4%)
 Responsibility for own medication   6 (46.2%)
 Laundry   3 (23.1%)
 Shopping   1 (7.7%)
CPE score 360 7.4 (1.8)
 Range (Min. – Max.)   5.0–10.0
  1. SD Standard Deviation