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Table 4 Descriptive statistics, with central tendency values: mean for parametric dataa and median for nonparametric datab; dispersion measures: standard deviation (SD) for parametric data and standard error (SE) for nonparametric datab; Confidence Interval (CI); difference between (p) dance (DG) and walk (WG) groups at the initial moment of the research; and sample characterization data

From: Can Samba and Forró Brazilian rhythmic dance be more effective than walking in improving functional mobility and spatiotemporal gait parameters in patients with Parkinson’s disease?

Outcomes DG (n = 12) WG (n = 6) P
Age 68.6 ± 6.7 [64.3–72.8] a 64.2 ± 4.9 [59.0–69.3] a 0.174
Body Mass (kg) 75.2 ± 11.3 [68–82.3] a 75.2 ± 13.2 [61.3–89] a 1.000
Height (m) 1.60 ± 0.08 [1.55–1.65] a 1.64 ± 0.05 [1.59–1.69] a 0.266
Diagnosis Time Disease 3.5 ± 1.3 [2–7.8] b 5.5 ± 2.2 [1.9–13.1] b 0.151
H&Y 1.5 ± 0.2 [1.3–2.4] b 2.5 ± 0.3 [1.5–3.1] b 0.180
TUG SSS (s) 11.7 ± 2.5 [10.1–13.3] a 11.2 ± 1.7 [9.4–13] a 0.677
TUG FS (s) 9.3 ± 0.6 [8.2–10.7] b 9.3 ± 0.4 [8.2–10.4] b 0.820
UPDRS III 13.5 ± 7.4 [8.8–18.2] a 23.8 ± 8.2 [15.2–32.5] a 0.016*
SSS (m/s) 1.02 ± 0.2 [0.9–1.1] a 1.08 ± 0.2 [0.9–1.3] a 0.464
Sex 9 women / 3 men 2 women / 4 men NA
Clinical Symptoms
 ȀInstability / lack of balance 8 (66.6%) 4 (66.6%) NA
 Tremor 10 (83.3%) 5 (83.3%) NA
 Postural change 2 (16.6%) 1 (16.6%) NA
 Rigidity 9 (75%) 5 (83.3%) NA
 Bradykinesia 12 (100%) 6 (100%) NA
 Dyskinesia 2 (16.6%) 1 (16.6%) NA
 Falls History 6 (50%) 3 (50%) NA
DP specific medication
 Levodopa – Cardidopa 2 (16.6%) 0 (0%) NA
  daily dose (mg) 1650 (1200–2100) 0 (0–0) NA
 Prolopa 10 (83.3%) 6 (100%) NA
  daily dose (mg) 585 (250–1000) 545 (188–1000) NA
Physical Exercise Practice 8 (66.6%) 4 (66.6%) NA
  1. Note: UPDRS Motor part of the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Scale, H&Y Hoehn & Yahr, scale, TUG Timed up and Go test, SSS Self-selected speed, mg Milligram
  2. a indicates that the data has a parametric distribution. Presented as mean ± SD [CI]; b indicates that the data have a nonparametric distribution. Presented as median ± SE [CI]; * indicates statistically significant difference between groups. NA indicates not applicable