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Table 4 Effects of vigorous cool room training on quality of life

From: Vigorous cool room treadmill training to improve walking ability in people with multiple sclerosis who use ambulatory assistive devices: a feasibility study

Variable Pre Post Follow-up Test statistic p Post-hoc (p-adj)
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Quality of life
SF-36 physical functioning 28.57 (21.55) 36.43 (24.10) 41.43 (28.24) 8.083 0.018* t1–2 = 0.038*
t1–3 = 0.027*
t2–3 = 0.395
SF-36 role limitations due to physical health 32.14 (42.61) 35.71 (37.80) 32.14 (37.40) 0.105 0.949 t1–2 = 0.414
t1–3 = 1.000
t2–3 = 1.000
SF-36 role limitations due to emotional problems 76.19 (41.79) 80.94 (32.55) 71.43 (48.80) 0.667 0.717 t1–2 = 0.317
t1–3 = 0.655
t2–3 = 0.593
SF-36 mental health/emotional well-being 72.57 (15.57) 81.71 (14.76) 74.86 (16.28) 5.840 0.054 t1–2 = 0.067
t1–3 = 0.336
t2–3 = 0.112
SF-36 social functioning 73.21 (11.25) 75.00 (28.87) 69.64 (25.88) 0.095 0.953 t1–2 = 0.746
t1–3 = 0.516
t2–3 = 0.705
SF-36 bodily pain 46.79 (12.22) 69.29 (16.50) 63.93 (19.73) 6.080 0.048* t1–2 = 0.018*
t1–3 = 0.093
t2–3 = 0.674
SF-36 general health perceptions 41.43 (17.49) 52.14 (21.19) 47.14 (19.12) 1.923 0.382 t1–2 = 0.105
t1–3 = 0.340
t2–3 = 0.236
SF-36 health compared to last year 46.43 (29.73) 67.86 (18.90) 71.43 (22.49) 7.176 0.028* t1–2 = 0.024*
t1–3 = 0.066
t2–3 = 0.564
  1. M Mean, SD Standard deviation; p: significance; p-adj: adjusted p value; *p < 0.05; SF-36 36-Item Short Form Health Survey;