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Table 4 Comparison of DSM-5 Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure (CCSM-5) scores between case and control groups

From: Negative effects of accompanying psychiatric disturbances on functionality among adolescents with chronic migraine

CCSM-5 Symptom Cluster Case (N = 50) Control (N = 50) pa Zb pb
Number (%) Mean Rank Number (%) Mean Rank
Somatic Symptoms Score   69.29   31.71   −6.557 < 0.001
Sub-treshold 49 (98%)   14 (28%)   < 0.001   
Above Treshold 1 (2%) 36 (72%)
Sleep Problems Score   56.09   44.91   −2.014 0.044
Sub-treshold 25 (50%)   8 (16%)   < 0.001   
Above Treshold 25 (50%) 42 (84%)
Attention Problems Score   62.78   38.22   −4.330 < 0.001
Sub-treshold 43 (86%)   38 (76%)   0.202   
Above Treshold 7 (14%) 12 (24%)
Depressive
Symptoms
Score   65.49   35.51   −5.223 < 0.001
Sub-treshold 42 (84%)   18 (36%)   < 0.001   
Above Treshold 8 (16%) 32 (64%)
Irritability Score   63.50   37.50   −4.597 < 0.001
Sub-treshold 39 (78%)   23 (46%)   0.001   
Above Treshold 11 (22%) 27 (54%)
Agression Score   64.83   36.17   −5.081 < 0.001
Sub-treshold 41 (82%)   23 (46%)   < 0.001   
Above Treshold 9 (18%) 27 (54%)
Manic Symptoms Score   57.17   43.83   −2.385 0.017
Sub-treshold 17 (34%)   11 (22%)   0.181   
Above Treshold 33 (66%) 39 (78%)
Anxiety Symptoms Score   59.49   41.51   −3.125 0.002
Sub-treshold 37 (74%)   26 (52%)   0.023   
Above Treshold 13 (26%) 24 (48%)
Psychotic Symptoms Score   52.58   48.42   −1.073 0.283
Sub-treshold 10 (20%)   7 (14%)   0.424   
Above Treshold 40 (80%) 43 (86%)
Repetitive Thoughts/ Behaviors Score   57.91   43.09   −2.581 0.010
Sub-treshold 30 (60%)   15 (30%)   0.003   
Above Treshold 20 (40%) 35 (70%)
Substance Abuse Present 3 (6%)   9 (18%)   0.065   
Not present 47 (94%) 41 (82%)
Suicidality Present 5 (10%)   3 (6%)   0.715   
Not present 45 (90%) 47 (94%)
  1. a Chi-Square test, statistically significant values are written in bold
  2. b Mann-Whitney U Testi, statistically significant values are written in bold