Skip to main content

Table 3 The baseline characteristics between survivor and death groups

From: Plasma D-dimer level is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation related acute ischemic stroke after pneumonia

  Survivor group (365) Death group (50) OR(95%CI) P*
Age, y (Mean SD) 67.09 ± 9.68 71.49 ± 10.27   0.005
NIHSS score, median (IQR) 10(7–13) 18(14–20)   <0.001
D-dimer, median (IQR) 1.80(1.10–2.70) 3.85(1.98–4.65)   <0.001
INR, median (IQR) 1.35(1.09–1.93) 1.40(1.13–2.03)   0.722
CHA2DS2-VASc, median (IQR) 4.00(4–5) 4.0(4–5)   0.676
Infarct volume, ml, median (IQR) 61(34.5–102.5) 118(60.8–135.3)   <0.001
CURB-65 score, median (IQR) 2(1–2) 3(2–3)   <0.001
Females, n(%) 187(51.23) 24(48.00) 0.88 (0.49–1.59) 0.668
Male, n(%) 178(48.77) 26(52.00) 0.88 (0.49–1.59) 0.668
BMI ≥ 24 kg/m, n(%) 110(30.14) 13(26.00) 0.81(0.42–1.59) 0.548
Hypertension, n(%) 233(63.84) 32(64.00) 1.01(0.54–1.86) 0.982
Current Smoking, n(%) 106(29.04) 20(40.00) 1.63(0.89–3.00) 0.114
Current alcohol drinking, n(%) 124 (33.97) 23(46.00) 1.66(0.91–3.01) 0.095
Diabetes, n(%) 112(30.68) 11(22.00) 0.64(0.32–1.29) 0.207
Hyperlipidemia, n(%) 147(40.27) 31(62.00) 0.78(0.42–1.44) 0.424
Family history of stroke, n(%) 86(23.56) 8(16.00) 0.62(0.28–1.37) 0.231
Thrombolytic therapy, n(%) 43(11.78) 816.00) 1.43(0.63–3.24) 0.394
Thrombectomy, n(%) 18(4.93) 5(10.00) 2.14(0.76–6.05) 0.142
Thrombolytic therapy+ Thrombectomy, n(%) 7(1.92) 1(2.00) 1.04(0.13–8.67) 0.968
Medications use
 Antiplatelets, n(%) 96(26.30) 13(26.00) 0.99(0.50–1.93) 0.964
 Lipid-lowering medications, n(%) 213(58.36) 28(56.00) 0.91(0.50–1.65) 0.752
  1. Bold indicates P-values less than 0.05.
  2. *Comparison between survivor and death groups. The data are presented as median values (interquartile range [IQR]), numbers (%), or mean values (±standard deviation). Categorical variables are expressed as frequency (percent) for P values. Baseline characteristics were compared between the 2 subgroups by univariate analysis using Pearson χ2, distributions of continuous variables were determined by the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Mann–Whitney two sample test was applied in case of non-normal distributions