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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of study subjects

From: Hemisensory syndrome: Hyperacute symptom onset and age differentiates ischemic stroke from other aetiologies

Parameter Stroke (n = 18) Non-stroke (n = 61) p value**
Age (years) 62.8 ± 8.7* 51.5 ± 11.7 <.001
Sex    0.180
 Male 11 (61.1) 25 (41.0)  
 Female 7 (38.9) 36 (59.0)  
Race    0.283
 Chinese 18 (100) 48 (78.7)  
 Malay 0 (0) 5 (8.2)  
 Indian 0 (0) 7 (11.5)  
 Others 0 (0) 1 (1.6)  
Diabetes Mellitus 5 (27.8) 6 (9.8) 0.113
Hypertension 11 (61.1) 21 (34.4) 0.057
Hyperlipidaemia 12 (66.7) 28 (45.9) 0.180
Smoking 8 (44.4) 9 (14.8) 0.018
Atrial Fibrillation 1 (5.6) 2 (3.3) 0.55
Schizophrenia 1 (5.56) 0 (0) 0.228
Depression 0 (0) 5 (8.2) 0.583
Anxiety disorder 1 (5.6) 3 (4.9) 1.00
Migraine 0 (0) 7 (11.48) 0.341
First episode 17 (94.4) 50 (82.0) 0.278
Onset ≤24 h 16 (88.9) 20 (32.8) <.001
Presence of positive symptoms 2 (11.1) 34 (55.7) <.001
Presence of negative symptoms 18 (100) 41 (67.2) 0.004
  1. * Continuous variables reported as means ± standard deviation; Categorical variables reported as frequency (percent)
  2. ** Independent two-sample t-test and Fisher’s exact test for continuous and categorical variables