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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of all survey respondents (n = 15,000)

From: Overall trend towards headache remission during the COVID-19 pandemic among Chinese patients with pre-existing headache highlights the role of family support

Characteristics N (%)
Age (years)
  < 30 3726 (24.84)
 30–50 10,061 (67.07)
  > 50 1213 (8.09)
Male 6431 (42.87)
Education level
 junior colleague or lower 5885 (39.23)
 University or above 9115 (60.77)
Chronic disease history 2126 (14.17)
Smoking 2140 (14.27)
Drinking 5585 (37.23)
Living in the Wuhan area 439 (29.27)
Having symptoms or a diagnosis of COVID-19 377 (2.51)
Having relatives or acquaintances contracting COVID-19 1130 (7.53)
Getting support from family members
 Unchanged or more 14,398 (95.99)
 Less 602 (4.01)
Getting support from the outside world
 Unchanged or more 13,377 (89.18)
 Less 1623 (10.82)
ISI score
  ≤ 8 11,181 (74.54)
  > 8 3819 (25.46)
PHQ9 score
 <4 8674 (57.83)
  ≥ 4 6326 (42.17)
ISER score
  ≤ 23 11,480 (76.54)
 24–32 1634 (10.89)
 33–36 470 (3.13)
  > 37 1416 (9.44)