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Table 2 Proportion of patients with positive responses of KPPS-BG (n = 129) and comparison with the original KPPS (n = 300) [31]

From: Translation, adaptation and validation of the Bulgarian version of the King’s Parkinson’s Disease Pain Scale

Items KPPS-BG KPPS
English
Fisher exact test
1. Pain around joints (musculoskeletal) 83.7 81.3 0.46
2. Pain related to internal organ 20.2 21.0 0.81
3. Generalised non-specific pain in the stomach area 13.9 17.7 0.11
4. Pain deep within the body 12.4 31.7 0.001
5. Dyskinetic pain 16.3 17.0 0.86
6. Painful muscle cramps in a specific area during “off” period 41.9 32.7 0.08
7. Generalized “off” period pain 17.8 22.3 0.29
8. PLM or RLS-associated pain 24.8 28.0 0.49
9. Pain while turning in bed at night 47.3 47.7 0.94
10. Pain when chewing 4.7 6.7 0.43
11. Pain due to grinding teeth during the night 5.1 5.7 0.25
12. Burning sensation in the mouth 3.3 2.7 0.31
13. Burning pain in the limbs 18.6 18.3 0.93
14. Shooting pain/pins & needles 43.4 41.7 0.74
Domains
1. Musculoskeletal pain 83.7 81.3 0.46
2. Chronic pain 31.0 40.0 0.08
3. Fluctuation-related pain 50.1 44.0 0.37
4. Nocturnal pain 55.0 66.0 0.03
5. Oro-facial pain 14.3 13.3 0.78
6. Discoloration, edema/swelling 27.1 30.3 0.69
7. Radicular pain 43.4 41.7 0.74
  1. KPPS-BG Bulgarian version of the King’s Parkinson’s Disease Pain Scale; KPPS King’s Parkinson’s Disease Pain Scale; PLM periodic limb movements; RLS restless legs syndrome