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Table 1 Demographics and characteristicsa of subjects with and without cranial autonomic symptoms

From: Cranial autonomic symptoms in episodic and chronic migraine: a cross sectional study in Iran

Demographics and
characteristics
CAS P-value
Absent (n = 353) Present (n = 551)
Age by year 37.14 (11.77) 38.62 (11.73) 0.07
Sex male 80 (22.7) 126 (22.9) 0.94
female 273 (77.3) 425 (77.1)
Migraine subtype episodic 222 (70.5) 286 (56.6) < 0.001
chronic 93 (29.5) 219 (43.4)
Lateralization unilateral 149 (48.7) 285 (56.8) 0.03
bilateral 157 (51.3) 217 (43.2)
Aura no 258 (89.3) 404 (85.6) 0.14
yes 31 (10.7) 68 (14.4)
Nausea 199 (56.4) 324 (58.9) 0.45
Vomiting 78 (22.1) 137 (24.9) 0.33
Constipation 48 (13.6) 80 (14.5) 0.69
Phonophobia 238 (67.4) 386 (70.1) 0.4
Photophobia 243 (68.8) 390 (70.8) 0.53
Osmophobia 185 (52.4) 301 (54.6) 0.51
Blurred vision 52 (14.7) 110 (20) 0.05
Disease duration by year 13.43 (9.3) 14.7 (9.71) 0.07
Headache intensity 7.57 (1.86) 7.99 (1.76) 0.001
Headache frequency/month 10.29 (7.82) 12.84 (8.43) < 0.001
  1. a Presented as number (valid percent) and mean (SD)