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Table 1 Patient characteristics available during post-acute rehabilitation presented for all patients (n = 264) and the two outcome groups (favorable vs. unfavorable)

From: One-year outcome of brain injured patients undergoing early neurological rehabilitation: a prospective observational study

  Total (n = 264) Favorable outcome (n = 63) Unfavorable outcome (n = 201)
Upon admission
 Age at event (years) 62 (51–75) 56 (44–69) 64 (53–77)
 Male/Female (n) 174/90 127/74 47/16
 Time since injury (days) 18 (12–28) 16 (10–21) 20 (13–29)
 Do-not-resuscitate order (n) 39 2 37
 Barthel Index 10 (10–15) 10 (10–15) 10 (10–10)
 CRS-R 10 (4–16) 14 (11–23) 8 (3–14)
Level of consciousness
UWS 99 (37.5%) 3 (4.8%) 96 (47.8%)
MCS 100 (37.9%) 32 (50.8%) 68 (33.8%)
eMCS 65 (24.6%) 28 (44.4%) 37 (18.4%)
At discharge
 Length of stay (days) 87 (53–112) 41 (28–69) 98 (68–115)
 Barthel Index 20 (15–35) 35 (30–70) 15 (15–25)
 CRS-R 22 (11–23) 18 (8–23) 23 (23–23)
Level of consciousness
UWS 44 (16.7%) 44 (21.9%)
MCS 56 (21.2%) 1 (1.6%) 55 (27.4%)
eMCS 164 (62.1%) 62 (98.4%) 102 (50.7%)
Type of discharge
Professional care facility 125 (47.3%) 3 (4.8%) 122 (60.7%)
Subsequent rehabilitation phase 96 (36.4%) 57 (90.5%) 39 (19.4%)
Home care 25 (9.5%) 2 (3.2%) 23 (11.4%)
Transfer to other facility 18 (6.8%) 1 (1.6%) 17 (8.5%)
  1. Note. Values are frequencies (sex, level of consciousness, type of discharge) or medians and interquartile ranges (all other variables). CRS-R= Coma Recovery Scale-Revised; eMCS = emergence from Minimally Conscious State; MCS = Minimally Conscious State; UWS=Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome