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  1. Content type: Research article

    Caregiver burden may be either a predictor or an outcome of caregiver quality of life (QoL). Patient or caregiver factors that directly affect caregiver QoL, predictors that are simultaneously shared with care...

    Authors: Yu-Hsia Tsai, Meei-Fang Lou, Tsui-Hsia Feng, Tsung-Lan Chu, Ying-Jen Chen and Hsueh-Erh Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:50

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  2. Content type: Research article

    It is usually difficult to identify stroke pathogenesis for single lenticulostriate infarction with nonstenotic middle cerebral artery (MCA). Our aim is to differentiate the two pathogeneses, non-branch athero...

    Authors: Li-Li Sun, Zhong-Hao Li, Wen-Xiong Tang, Lei Liu, Fei-Yan Chang, Xue-Bin Zhang, Wei-Jie Ye, Shuo Lu, Zun-Jing Liu and Xian-Jin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:51

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a devastating autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, which can result in blindness or paralysis. Currently, there is a dire need...

    Authors: Yujuan Jiao, Lei Cui, Weihe Zhang, Chunyu Zhang, Yeqiong Zhang, Xin Zhang and Jinsong Jiao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:47

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Congenital sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) lyase deficiency due to biallelic mutations in SGPL1 gene has recently been described in association with primary adrenal insufficiency and steroid-resistant nephrotic syn...

    Authors: Gulin Sunter, Ece Oge Enver, Azad Akbarzade, Serap Turan, Pinar Vatansever, Dilek Ince Gunal, Goncagul Haklar, Abdullah Bereket, Kadriye Agan and Tulay Guran

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:48

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The general principles in the administration of anesthetic drugs entail not only the suppression of seizure activity but also the achievement of electroencephalography burst suppression (BS). However, previous...

    Authors: Kanitpong Phabphal, Suparat Chisurajinda, Thapanee Somboon, Kanjana Unwongse and Alan Geater

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:46

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic encephalopathy may manifest by a wide spectrum of neuropsychiatric symptoms, including cognitive impairment, seizures or extrapyramidal symptoms. The liver transplant can lead to improvement of the sig...

    Authors: Karin Gmitterová, Michal Minár, Miroslav Žigrai, Zuzana Košutzká, Alice Kušnírová and Peter Valkovič

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:44

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD) is a clinical entity associated with ischemic stroke, compression of cranial nerves or brainstem, and hydrocephalus. There have been relatively few studies following the pr...

    Authors: Dao Pei Zhang, Yan Fang Peng, Qian Kun Ma, Min Zhao, Huai Liang Zhang and Suo Yin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:45

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to compare the changes in the electroencephalogram (EEG) in response to noxious stimuli with tail flick and hot plate responses of rats administered opiorphin.

    Authors: Preet Singh, Kavitha Kongara, David Harding, Neil Ward, Venkata Sayoji Rao Dukkipati, Craig Johnson and Paul Chambers

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:43

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by symmetric intracranial calcium deposition. We report a patient with IBGC associated with cerebral infarction ...

    Authors: Takuma Nishimoto, Fumiaki Oka, Hideyuki Ishihara, Mizuya Shinoyama and Michiyasu Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:42

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Data on autonomic nervous system (ANS) activations in migraine patients are quite controversial, with previous studies reporting over- and underactivation of the sympathetic as well as parasympathetic nervous ...

    Authors: Ozan E. Eren, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Christoph Schankin, Florian Schöberl and Andreas Straube

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:41

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus with significant clinical sequelae that can affect a patient’s quality of life. Metabolic and microvascular factors are...

    Authors: Gesa Meyer-Hamme, Thomas Friedemann, Henry Johannes Greten, Rosemarie Plaetke, Christian Gerloff and Sven Schroeder

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:40

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Stroke survivors are more physically inactive than even the most sedentary older adults, and low activity is associated with increased risk of recurrent stroke, medical complications, and mortality. We hypothe...

    Authors: Henry Wright, Tamara Wright, Ryan T. Pohlig, Scott E. Kasner, Jonathan Raser-Schramm and Darcy Reisman

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:39

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Behavioral assessment has been acted as the gold standard for the diagnosis of disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients. The item “Functional Object Use” in the motor function sub-scale in the Coma Recovery S...

    Authors: Yuxiao Sun, Jianan Wang, Lizette Heine, Wangshan Huang, Jing Wang, Nantu Hu, Xiaohua Hu, Xiaohui Fang, Supeng Huang, Steven Laureys and Haibo Di

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:38

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  14. Content type: Case report

    The development of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is associated with severe cellular immunosuppression. Good’s syndrome (GS) is a rare immunodeficiency syndrome related to thymoma, with the d...

    Authors: Tatsuya Ueno, Nobuyuki Sato, Tomoya Kon, Rie Haga, Jin-ichi Nunomura, Kazuo Nakamichi, Masayuki Saijo and Masahiko Tomiyama

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:37

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Transient global amnesia is reported to be caused by cerebral venous congestion. Internal jugular venous flow reversal in particular with the Valsalva maneuver leads to cerebral venous congestion. In addition,...

    Authors: Yuta Maetani, Masahiro Nakamori, Tomoaki Watanabe, Hayato Matsushima, Eiji Imamura and Shinichi Wakabayashi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:36

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating motor neuron disease characterized by substantial clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Thus far, only a few TARDBP-ALS families have been reported in China, and...

    Authors: Guo-rong Xu, Wei Hu, Ling-Ling Zhan, Chong Wang, Liu-Qing Xu, Min-Ting Lin, Wan-Jin Chen, Ning Wang and Qi-Jie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:35

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Wilson disease is a rare genetic disorder in which impaired copper excretion results in toxic copper levels and tissue damage. Manifestations are primarily hepatic and/or neuropsychiatric, with a variety of ne...

    Authors: Anna Członkowska, Tomasz Litwin, Karolina Dzieżyc, Michal Karliński, Johan Bring and Carl Bjartmar

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:34

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) after acute ischemic stroke carries the risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) may indicate increased risk of hemorrh...

    Authors: Martin A. Chacon-Portillo, Rafael H. Llinas and Elisabeth B. Marsh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:33

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  19. Content type: Research article

    There have been found apoptotic changes in brain tissue samples from humans after cerebral ischemia. Caspase-cleaved cytokeratin (CCCK)-18 could appears in blood during apoptosis. High circulating levels of CC...

    Authors: Leonardo Lorente, María M. Martín, Antonia Pérez-Cejas, Luis Ramos, Mónica Argueso, Jordi Solé-Violán, Juan J. Cáceres, Alejandro Jiménez and Victor García-Marín

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:32

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Intracerebral hemorrhage is a devastating disease with no specific treatment modalities. A significant proportion of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage are transferred to large stroke treatment centers, su...

    Authors: Farhaan S. Vahidy, Ellie G. Meyer, Arvind B. Bambhroliya, Jennifer R. Meeks, Charles E. Begley, Tzu-Ching Wu, Jon E. Tyson, Charles C. Miller, Ritvij Bowry, Wamda O. Ahmed, Gretchel A. Gealogo, Louise D. McCullough, Steven Warach and Sean I. Savitz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:31

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Constipation is one of the most frequent non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and the prevalence of constipation in PD patients varies among different studies. We designed this study to survey ...

    Authors: Jing Gan, Ying Wan, Junjie Shi, Mingzhu Zhou, Zhiyin Lou and Zhenguo Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:29

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A significant proportion of patients with mild ischemic stroke become disabled despite receiving intravenous thrombolytic therapy. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological factors ...

    Authors: Dae-Hyun Kim, Deok-Soo Lee, Hyun-Wook Nah and Jae-Kwan Cha

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:30

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) prevalence and incidence rates are increasing globally. No disease-modifying therapy are approved for MS pediatric population. Hence, we aim to review the literature o...

    Authors: Raed Alroughani and Alexey Boyko

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:27

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Prognostic models have been increasingly developed to predict complete recovery in ischemic stroke. However, questions arise about the performance characteristics of these models. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Nampet Jampathong, Malinee Laopaiboon, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai and Porjai Pattanittum

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:26

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and T1 (GSTT1) null alleles may contribute to carbamazepine-induced hepatotoxicity.

    Authors: Chahra Chbili, Anis Hassine, Neila Fathallah, Manel Nouira, Salma Naija, Sofiene Ben Ammou and Saad Saguem

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:24

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Spiral drawing on papers is a common tremor evaluation tool for diagnosing patients with essential tremor (ET) or Parkinson’s disease (PD). No standard drawing methods and parameters that use graphic tablets a...

    Authors: Po-Chieh Lin, Kai-Hsiang Chen, Bing-Shiang Yang and Yu-Jung Chen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:25

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Nosocomial infection (NI) control is an important issue in neurocritical care due to secondary brain damage and the increased morbidity and mortality of primary acute neurocritical care patients. The primary a...

    Authors: Vera Spatenkova, Ondrej Bradac, Daniela Fackova, Zdenka Bohunova and Petr Suchomel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:23

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to evaluate and identify the risk factors for developing a new or enlarged intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) after the placement of an external ventricular drain.

    Authors: A. Shaun Rowe, Derrick R. Rinehart, Stephanie Lezatte and J. Russell Langdon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:22

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease increases stroke incidence and severity but the mechanisms behind this cerebro-renal interaction are mostly unexplored. Since both vascular beds share similar features, microvascular dys...

    Authors: Pedro Castro, Elsa Azevedo, Isabel Rocha, Farzaneh Sorond and Jorge M. Serrador

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:21

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Parkinson’s disease is a heterogeneous disorder where genetic factors may underlie clinical variability. Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia strongly linked to synucleinopathies, i...

    Authors: Kari Anne Bjørnarå, Lasse Pihlstrøm, Espen Dietrichs and Mathias Toft

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:20

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Comparisons between neurological conditions have the potential to inform service providers by identifying particular areas of difficulty experienced by affected individuals. This study aimed to identify predic...

    Authors: David Morley, Sarah Dummett, Laura Kelly, Ray Fitzpatrick and Crispin Jenkinson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:19

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Migraine is considered as a risk factor for subclinical brain ischemic lesions, and right-to-left shunt (RLS) is more common among migraineurs. This cross-sectional study assessed the association of RLS with t...

    Authors: Xiao-han Jiang, Si-bo Wang, Qian Tian, Chi Zhong, Guan-ling Zhang, Ya-jie Li, Pan Lin, Yong You, Rong Guo, Ying-hua Cui and Ying-qi Xing

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:18

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has...

    Authors: Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U. Newton, Gabriel S. Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S. Pulverenti and Anthony J. Blazevich

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:17

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Clinical scales to detect large vessel occlusion (LVO) may help to determine the optimal transport destination for patients with suspected acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The clinical benefit associated with impr...

    Authors: Ludwig Schlemm and Eckhard Schlemm

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:16

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Tehran is the capital of Iran with an increasing multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence. A retrospective population-based study was conducted to evaluate the trends of MS prevalence in Tehran.

    Authors: Sharareh Eskandarieh, Narges Sistany Allahabadi, Malihe Sadeghi and Mohammad Ali Sahraian

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:15

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Some rheumatologic disorders may initially manifest with central nervous system (CNS) affection, mimicking the clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, and cerebrospinal fluid findings of multiple sclerosis (MS)....

    Authors: Tilman Hottenrott, Rick Dersch, Benjamin Berger, Dominique Endres, Daniela Huzly, Jens Thiel, Sebastian Rauer, Oliver Stich, Ulrich Salzer and Nils Venhoff

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:14

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    The level of physical activity undertaken by stroke survivors living in the community is generally low. The main objectives of the IMPACT trial are to determine, in individuals undergoing rehabilitation after str...

    Authors: Sandra G. Brauer, Suzanne S. Kuys, Jennifer D. Paratz and Louise Ada

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:13

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Data on the association between socioeconomic status and post-stroke functional outcome in developing countries is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the association in stroke survivors in deprived rural Southern C...

    Authors: Fubing Ouyang, Ying Wang, Weixian Huang, Yicong Chen, Yuhui Zhao, Ge Dang, Chunbo Zhang, Yang Lin and Jinsheng Zeng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:12

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculoma is a rare disease with severe neurological deficits. This retrospective research is to review the data of patients diagnosed as CNS tuberculoma. Surgeries were performe...

    Authors: Fanfan Chen, Lei Chen, Yongfu Cao, Yongjun Yi, Jingwen Zhuang, Wuhua Le, Wei Xie, Lanbo Tu, Peng Li, Yimin Fang, Ling Li, Yuqing Kou, Kaikai Fu, Hua He and Hongbin Ju

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:10

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Transcranial ultrasound is a useful tool for providing the evidences for the early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD). However, the relationship between hyper echogenicity in substa...

    Authors: Shu-yang Yu, Chen-jie Cao, Li-jun Zuo, Ze-jie Chen, Teng-hong Lian, Fang Wang, Yang Hu, Ying-shan Piao, Li-xia Li, Peng Guo, Li Liu, Qiu-jin Yu, Rui-dan Wang, Piu Chan, Sheng-di Chen, Xiao-min Wang…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:9

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  41. Content type: Review

    Following the success of recent endovascular trials, endovascular therapy has emerged as an exciting addition to the arsenal of clinical management of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In this paper, ...

    Authors: Sonu Bhaskar, Peter Stanwell, Dennis Cordato, John Attia and Christopher Levi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:8

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with cognitive dysfunction and an increased risk of dementia. Linagliptin is a glucose-lowering agent of the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor class that is of p...

    Authors: Geert Jan Biessels, Jolien Janssen, Esther van den Berg, Bernard Zinman, Mark A. Espeland, Michaela Mattheus and Odd Erik Johansen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:7

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Cervicocephalic artery dissection (CAD) is an important etiology of stroke in the youth. Findings from recent studies suggest it a “group of disease entities” with different underlying etiologies, presentation...

    Authors: Zhu Zhu, Yuyuan Xu, Yilong Wang, Zhenhua Zhou, Xiang Han, Aihua Liu, Jing Peng, Yi Xu and Luyao Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:6

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an important, progressive neurodegenerative disease, with a complex genetic architecture. A key goal of biomedical research is to seek out disease risk genes, and to elucidate the f...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Huang, Hankui Liu, Xinming Li, Liping Guan, Jiankang Li, Laurent Christian Asker M. Tellier, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:5

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, but whether it can serve as a biomarker for Alzheimer disease (AD) is not yet known.

    Authors: Liang Feng, Yu-Ting Liao, Jin-Cai He, Cheng-Long Xie, Si-Yan Chen, Hui-Hui Fan, Zhi-Peng Su and Zhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:4

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) subtypes are often caused by expansions in non-coding regions of genes like SCA8, SCA10, SCA12 and SCA36. Other ataxias are known to be associated with repeat expansions such as fragi...

    Authors: Gülsah Aydin, Gabriele Dekomien, Sabine Hoffjan, Wanda Maria Gerding, Jörg T. Epplen and Larissa Arning

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:3

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