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  1. Neuropathic pain (NeP) is a common symptom of a group of a variety of conditions, including diabetic neuropathy, trigeminal neuralgia, or postherpetic neuralgia. Prevalence of NeP has been estimated to range b...

    Authors: Ana Navarro, María T Saldaña, Concepción Pérez, Sandra Torrades and Javier Rejas
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:7
  2. Stroke is a major cause of dysphagia, but little is known about when and how dysphagic patients should be fed and treated after an acute stroke. The purpose of this study is to establish the feasibility, risks...

    Authors: Hideaki Takahata, Keisuke Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Baba, Izumi Nagata and Masahiro Yonekura
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:6
  3. The variations of the circle of Willis (CW) are clinically important as patients with effective collateral circulations have a lower risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke than those with ineffective col...

    Authors: K Ranil D De Silva, Rukmal Silva, Dhammika Amaratunga, WSL Gunasekera and Rohan W Jayesekera
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:5
  4. DNA polymerase γ (POLG) is the only known mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase. It mediates mtDNA replication and base excision repair. Mutations in the POLG gene lead to reduction of functional mtDNA (mtDNA depl...

    Authors: André Schaller, Dagmar Hahn, Christopher B Jackson, Ilse Kern, Christophe Chardot, Dominique C Belli, Sabina Gallati and Jean-Marc Nuoffer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:4
  5. Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant...

    Authors: Maree L Hackett, Nicholas S Glozier, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan and Craig S Anderson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:3
  6. Delayed arrival at hospital is one of the major obstacles in enhancing the rate of thrombolysis therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Our study aimed to investigate factors associated with prehospita...

    Authors: Young Seo Kim, Sang-Soon Park, Hee-Joon Bae, A-Hyun Cho, Yong-Jin Cho, Moon-Ku Han, Ji Hoe Heo, Kyusik Kang, Dong-Eog Kim, Hahn Young Kim, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Sun Uk Kwon, Hyung-Min Kwon, Byung-Chul Lee, Kyung Bok Lee, Seung-Hoon Lee…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:2
  7. Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a frequent, disabling disorder. Despite a controversial pathophysiology convincing evidence attributes a pivotal role to central sensitization. Most patients with MOH initi...

    Authors: Gianluca Coppola, Antonio Currà, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo Parisi, Manuela Gorini, Simona Liliana Sava, Jean Schoenen and Francesco Pierelli
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:126
  8. Though vascular factors may be important in the aetiology of late-life depression, it is not clear whether they have a major effect on the risk of depression after a stroke. We investigated the relationship be...

    Authors: Kausik Chatterjee, Susan Fall and David Barer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:125
  9. Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have an increased risk of under-nutrition, but we are unaware of any population based prevalence studies of under-nutrition in PD. The main objective of this study was to iden...

    Authors: Ahmed F Jaafar, William K Gray, Bob Porter, Elizabeth J Turnbull and Richard W Walker
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:124
  10. In patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) there is evidence supporting the hypothesis of a change in right-to-left shunt (RLS) over time. Proven, this could have implications for the care of patients with PF...

    Authors: Christian Tanislav, Manfred Kaps, Marek Jauss, Erwin Stolz, Wolfgang Pabst, Max Nedelmann, Mathias Grebe, Frank Reichenberger and Jens Allendoerfer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:123
  11. Despite lack of outward signs, most individuals after non-disabling stroke (NDS) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) have significant cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and are at high risk of a major ...

    Authors: Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Gordon Gubitz, Nicholas Giacomantonio, Howard Wightman, David Marsters, Kara Thompson, Chris Blanchard, Gail Eskes and Marianne Thornton
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:122
  12. Synesthesia is, as visual migraine aura, a common and fascinating perceptual phenomenon. Here we present a unique case with synesthesias exclusively during visual migraine auras.

    Authors: Karl B Alstadhaug and Espen Benjaminsen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:121
  13. Syndrome of transient Headache and Neurological Deficits with cerebrospinal fluid Lymphocitosis (HaNDL) is a rare disease which can present with focal neurological deficits and mimic stroke. A neurologist-on-d...

    Authors: Tomas Segura, Francisco Hernandez-Fernandez, Pedro Sanchez-Ayaso, Elena Lozano and Lorenzo Abad
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:120
  14. Migraine has been associated with cardiovascular disorders. Endothelial dysfunction may be a mechanism underlying this association. The present study tested the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent vasodilati...

    Authors: Floris H Vanmolkot and Jan N de Hoon
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:119
  15. We report on the case of an established perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) associated renal vasculitis being treated with prednisolone and rituximab, where the patient presented with leg w...

    Authors: Alexander J Hamilton, Duncan J Whitehead, Matthew D Bull and Richard J D'Souza
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:118
  16. Lyme Neuroborreliosis (LNB) in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patient is a rare co-infection and has only been reported four times in literature. No case of an HIV patient with a meningoencephal...

    Authors: Nathalie D van Burgel, Mayke Oosterloo, Frank P Kroon and Alje P van Dam
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:117
  17. Patients frequently fail to receive adequate pain relief from, or are intolerant of, first-line therapies prescribed for neuropathic pain (NeP). This refractory chronic pain causes psychological distress and i...

    Authors: Melanie Plested, Sangeeta Budhia and Zahava Gabriel
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:116
  18. There is a strong maternal parent-of-origin effect in determining susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). One hypothesis is that an abnormal intrauterine milieu leading to impaired fetal development could p...

    Authors: Sreeram V Ramagopalan, Colleen Guimond, Maria Criscuoli, David A Dyment, Sarah-Michelle Orton, Irene M Yee, George C Ebers and Dessa Sadovnick
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:115
  19. The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) maintains the homeostasis of central nervous system by preventing the free passage of macromolecules from the systemic circulation into the brain. This normal physiological functi...

    Authors: Shahrzad Jalali, Yuexi Huang, Daniel J Dumont and Kullervo Hynynen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:114
  20. The role of different chemokine receptors in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been extensively investigated; however, little is known about the difference in the role of chemokine receptors betw...

    Authors: Akiyuki Uzawa, Masahiro Mori, Sei Hayakawa, Saeko Masuda, Fumio Nomura and Satoshi Kuwabara
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:113
  21. Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an uncommon cerebrovascular condition with unknown etiology characterized by slowly progressive stenosis or occlusion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries associated with an abn...

    Authors: Yoshio Araki, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Sho Okamoto, Masaki Sumitomo, Mikio Maruwaka and Toshihiko Wakabayashi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:112
  22. Although some epidemiologic studies found inverse associations between alcohol drinking and Parkinson's disease (PD), the majority of studies found no such significant associations. Additionally, there is only...

    Authors: Wakaba Fukushima, Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Satoshi Sasaki, Chikako Kiyohara, Yoshio Tsuboi, Tatsuo Yamada, Tomoko Oeda, Takami Miki, Nobutoshi Kawamura, Nobutaka Sakae, Hidenao Fukuyama, Yoshio Hirota and Masaki Nagai
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:111
  23. People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characteri...

    Authors: Leland E Dibble, James T Cavanaugh, Gammon M Earhart, Terry D Ellis, Matthew P Ford and Kenneth B Foreman
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:110
  24. Microclip placement during AVM resection is generally accepted to be a safe practice in neurosurgery. Here, we describe an unusual complication involving cranio-spinal clip migration discovered five years afte...

    Authors: Clark C Chen, Pascal O Zinn, Ekkehard M Kasper and Christopher S Ogilvy
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:109
  25. Simple, non-invasive tests for early detection of degenerative dementia by use of biomarkers are urgently required. However, up to the present, no validated extracerebral diagnostic markers for the early diagn...

    Authors: Felix Bermejo-Pareja, Desiree Antequera, Teo Vargas, Jose A Molina and Eva Carro
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:108
  26. Extracellular gelsolin (GSN) and GC-globulin/Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) appear to play an important role in clearing the actin from extracellular fluids and in modulating cellular responses to anionic bio...

    Authors: Alina Kułakowska, Nicholas J Ciccarelli, Qi Wen, Barbara Mroczko, Wiesław Drozdowski, Maciej Szmitkowski, Paul A Janmey and Robert Bucki
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:107
  27. A recent development in non-invasive techniques to predict intracranial pressure (ICP) termed venous ophthalmodynamometry (vODM) has made measurements in absolute units possible. However, there has been little...

    Authors: Henry W Querfurth, Philip Lieberman, Steve Arms, Steve Mundell, Michael Bennett and Craig van Horne
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:106
  28. Temporal, i.e., 24-hour, weekly, and seasonal patterns in the occurrence of acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events are well documented; however, little is known about temporal, especially seasonal, va...

    Authors: Fabrizio Salvi, Ilaria Bartolomei, Michael H Smolensky, Angelo Lorusso, Elena Barbarossa, Anna Maria Malagoni, Paolo Zamboni and Roberto Manfredini
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:105
  29. Emotional intelligence (EI) is important for personal, social and career success and has been linked to the frontal anterior cingulate, insula and amygdala regions.

    Authors: Michael Hoffmann, Lourdes Benes Cases, Bronwyn Hoffmann and Ren Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:103
  30. The majority of research on health outcomes after a traumatic brain injury is focused on male participants. Information examining gender differences in health outcomes post traumatic brain injury is limited. T...

    Authors: Angela Colantonio, Jocelyn E Harris, Graham Ratcliff, Susan Chase and Kristina Ellis
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:102
  31. Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder in humans included in the group of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies or prion diseases. The vast majority of sCJD cases ar...

    Authors: Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez, Joseba M Garrido, Juan J Zarranz, Jose M Arteagoitia, Marian M de Pancorbo, Begoña Atarés, Miren J Bilbao, Isidro Ferrer and Ramón A Juste
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:99
  32. Vertigo and dizziness are symptoms which are reported frequently in clinical practice. We aimed to develop diagnostic indices for four prevalent vertiginous diseases: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV...

    Authors: Otmar Bayer, Jan-Christian Warninghoff and Andreas Straube
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:98

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2011 11:45

  33. Most people with a spinal cord injury rate neuropathic pain as one of the most difficult problems to manage and there are no medical treatments that provide satisfactory pain relief in most people. Furthermore...

    Authors: Matagne Heutink, Marcel WM Post, Peter Luthart, Lilian EMA Pfennings, Catja A Dijkstra and Eline Lindeman
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:96
  34. In the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, increased lipid peroxidation, decreased activities of the mitochondrial complex I of the respiratory chain, catalase and glutathione-peroxidase, an...

    Authors: Pilar del Hoyo, Alberto García-Redondo, Fernando de Bustos, José Antonio Molina, Youssef Sayed, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Luis Caballero, Joaquín Arenas, José AG Agúndez and Félix Javier Jiménez-Jiménez
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:95
  35. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B), a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) and a key regulator of translation initiation under normal and stress conditions, causes an autosomal recessive l...

    Authors: Laetitia Horzinski, Liraz Kantor, Aurélia Huyghe, Raphael Schiffmann, Orna Elroy-Stein, Odile Boespflug-Tanguy and Anne Fogli
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:94
  36. Infection is a major complication of cerebrospinal fluid shunting procedures. The present report assesses the efficacy of such catheters in both shunts and external ventricular drains (EVDs) against infection ...

    Authors: Raquel Gutiérrez-González, Gregorio R Boto, Cristina Fernández-Pérez and Náyade del Prado
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:93
  37. Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful and difficult to treat complication of acute herpes zoster. Current treatment options provide only partial relief and are often limited by poor tolerability. We evalua...

    Authors: Lynn R Webster, Marvin Tark, Richard Rauck, Jeffrey K Tobias and Geertrui F Vanhove
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:92
  38. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a disorder characterized by a variety of disabilities, including cognitive deficits, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and other socio-emotional problems. It is hypo...

    Authors: Carlo Paribello, Leeping Tao, Anthony Folino, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Michael Tranfaglia, Iryna M Ethell and Douglas W Ethell
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:91
  39. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is common and highly heritable with many genes and gene variants associated with AD in one or more studies, including APOE ε2/ε3/ε4. However, the genetic backgrounds for normal cogniti...

    Authors: Mi-Ryung Han, Gerard D Schellenberg and Li-San Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:90
  40. Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) are characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower limbs. At least 45 loci have been identified in families with autosomal dominant (AD), autosomal reces...

    Authors: Victoria Álvarez, Elena Sánchez-Ferrero, Christian Beetz, Marta Díaz, Belén Alonso, Ana I Corao, Josep Gámez, Jesús Esteban, Juan F Gonzalo, Samuel I Pascual-Pascual, Adolfo López de Munain, Germán Moris, Renne Ribacoba, Celedonio Márquez, Jordi Rosell, Rosario Marín…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:89
  41. There is a need for greater understanding of the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) from the perspective of individuals with the condition. The South West Impact of MS Project (SWIMS) has been designed to impro...

    Authors: John P Zajicek, Wendy M Ingram, Jane Vickery, Siobhan Creanor, Dave E Wright and Jeremy C Hobart
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:88
  42. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are non-cognitive symptoms commonly associated to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The characterization of the clinical profile of AD patients might help to b...

    Authors: Manuel Fernández, Ana L Gobartt and Montse Balañá
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:87
  43. Rotigotine is a unique dopamine agonist with activity across D1 through D5 receptors as well as select adrenergic and serotonergic sites. This study reports the 2-year follow-up safety and efficacy data of an ...

    Authors: Birgit Högl, Wolfgang H Oertel, Karin Stiasny-Kolster, Peter Geisler, Heike Beneš, Diego García-Borreguero, Claudia Trenkwalder, Werner Poewe, Erwin Schollmayer and Ralf Kohnen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:86
  44. The Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOGQ) was developed in response to the difficulties of observing and quantifying freezing of gait (FOG) clinically as well as in laboratory settings. However, as the FOGQ is...

    Authors: Maria H Nilsson, Gun-Marie Hariz, Klas Wictorin, Michael Miller, Lars Forsgren and Peter Hagell
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:85

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