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  1. Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, its aetiology remains unclear. We aimed to establish a relationship between ADHD diagnosis and serum levels of ...

    Authors: Tanja Lukovac, Olivera Aleksić Hil, Milka Popović, Tatjana Savić, Aleksandra M. Pavlović and Dragan Pavlović
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:76
  2. This paper details the results of an evaluation of the level of consensus amongst clinicians on the use of ataluren in both ambulatory and non-ambulatory patients with nonsense mutation Duchenne muscular dystr...

    Authors: Tanja Golli, Lenka Juříková, Thomas Sejersen and Craig Dixon
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:73
  3. Little is known regarding the leading risk factors for dementia/Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in individuals with and without APOE4. The identification of key risk factors for dementia/Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in i...

    Authors: Siting Ye, Eddy Roccati, Wei Wang, Zhuoting Zhu, Katerina Kiburg, Yu Huang, Xueli Zhang, Xiayin Zhang, Jiahao Liu, Shulin Tang, Yijun Hu, Zongyuan Ge, Honghua Yu, Mingguang He and Xianwen Shang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:71
  4. Identification of the causes of stroke of undetermined etiology, specifically cardioembolism (CE) and non-CE causes, can inform treatment planning and prognosis prediction. The objective of this study was to a...

    Authors: Yi Jiang, Zhichao Sun, Zhonglin Ge, Zhonghai Tao, Mengqian Liu, Wen Zhong, Nan Dong, Lei Xu, Hui Wang, Yiwen Xu and Xiaozhu Shen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:70
  5. Nummular headache (NH) is categorized as a primary headache in the International Classification of Headache Disorders, Third edition (ICHD-3) diagnostic criteria, but there are secondary etiologies as well. We...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Liu, Xuehong Chu, Xiao Dong, Erlan Yu, Xiaole Jia, Chuanjie Wu and Xunming Ji
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:69
  6. Ruptured intracranial aneurysms resulting in subarachnoid haemorrhage can be treated by open surgical or endovascular treatment. Despite multiple previous studies, uncertainties on the optimal treatment practi...

    Authors: Alexander L. Hamming, Jeroen T.J.M. van Dijck, Tjitske Visser, Martine Baarse, Dagmar Verbaan, Hanna Schenck, Roel H.L. Haeren, Rahman Fakhry, Ruben Dammers, René Aquarius, Jeroen H.D. Boogaarts, Wilco C. Peul and Wouter A. Moojen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:68
  7. We aimed to describe the experience of a single neuromuscular center in Germany in treating adult spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients with risdiplam and to analyze motor function and treatment satisfaction ...

    Authors: Bogdan Bjelica, Camilla Wohnrade, Iraima Cespedes, Alma Osmanovic, Olivia Schreiber-Katz and Susanne Petri
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:67
  8. Verbal communication is the "gold standard" for assessing pain. Consequently, individuals with communication disorders are particularly vulnerable to incomplete pain management. This review aims at identifying...

    Authors: Álvaro Sabater-Gárriz, Jesús Molina-Mula, Pedro Montoya and Inmaculada Riquelme
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:66
  9. In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage suitable for endovascular coiling and neurosurgical clip-reconstruction, the aneurysm treatment decision-making process could be improved by considering hete...

    Authors: Jordi de Winkel, Bob Roozenbeek, Simone A. Dijkland, Ruben Dammers, Pieter-Jan van Doormaal, Mathieu van der Jagt, David van Klaveren, Diederik W. J. Dippel and Hester F. Lingsma
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:65
  10. Vast economic and healthcare status discrepancies exist among regions in China, contributing to different treatment patterns. This study was aimed to investigate the current status of pharmacotherapy for acute...

    Authors: Ying Li, Qianhua Ou, Yuxuan Lu, Zhiyuan Shen, Jieyu Li, Zhuangzhuang Zhang, Liwen Tai, Guozhong Li, Huisheng Chen, Guiru Zhang, Lei Zhang, Xuwen Sun, Jinhua Qiu, Yan Wei, Sainan Zhu, Zhaoxia Wang…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:64
  11. The implementation of a care bundle might improve functional outcome for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the impact of anti-hypertensive treatment on ICH outcomes remains uncertain. Our ...

    Authors: Xinni Lv, Xueyun Liu, Zicheng Hu, Lan Deng, Zuoqiao Li, Jing Cheng, Mingjun Pu and Qi Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:63
  12. T1 hypointense lesions are considered a surrogate marker of tissue destruction. Although there is a shortage of evidence about T1 hypointense brain lesions, black holes, in patients with Neuromyelitis Optica S...

    Authors: Mohamad Ghazanfari Hashemi, Vahid Talebi, Naghmeh Abbasi Kasbi, Mehrshad Abbasi, Nasrin Asgari and Mohammad Ali Sahraian
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:62
  13. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease characterised by muscle weakness, and progression from ocular (oMG) to generalised (gMG) symptoms results in a substantial negative impact on quality of life...

    Authors: J McCallion, A Borsi, W Noel, J Lee, W Karmous, S Sattler, GM Boggia, EJ Hardy, CR Mitchell, SA Mitchell and Nils Erik Gilhus
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:61
  14. Objective assessment of post-COVID-19 cognitive dysfunction is highly warranted. This study aimed to evaluate the cognitive dysfunction of COVID-19 survivors with cognitive complaints, both clinically and neur...

    Authors: Manal M. Gaber, Hanan Hosny, Mona Hussein, Mona A. Ashmawy and Rehab Magdy
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:60
  15. Computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) can play an auxiliary role in the selection of patients with acute ischemic stroke for endovascular treatment. However, data on CTP in non-stroke patients with intracranial...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Dan Wu, Zhi-bin Chen, Qian Xiao, Ji-wei Cheng, Xiao-yan Xie, Dong-xiao Qu, Jie Tao, Wei-zhong Wang, Yi-feng Peng, Guo-yi Li and Ying-feng Weng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:59
  16. Parkinson’s disease (PD) and vascular parkinsonism (VaP) have highly overlapping phenotypes, and different prognosis. This study comprehensively investigated the clinical, brain MRI and transcranial sonography...

    Authors: Peter George, Tamer Roushdy, Mai Fathy, Eman Hamid, Yosra Abdelzaher Ibrahim, Mahmoud El-Belkimy, Mohamed Ossama Abdulghani and Ali Shalash
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:56
  17. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) based on existing evidence.

    Authors: Xuezheng Li, Lijun Lu, Yu Min, Xuefeng Fu, Kaifeng Guo, Wen Yang, Hao Li, Haoming Xu, Hua Guo and Zhen Huang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:55
  18. Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare anastomosis between internal carotid artery (ICA) and basilar artery. In rare conditions, the PTA could be combined with others cerebrovascular anomalies, moyamoya ...

    Authors: Tao Sun, Lixin Huang, Jun Sun, Zhimin Wu, Chuan Chen and Hui Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:54
  19. Cervical dystonia is a movement disorder typically characterized by a patterned and twisting movement of sustained or intermittent muscle contractions. Recently, new clinical trials are emerging, highlighting ...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma Kassaye, Willem De Hertogh, David Crosiers, Esayas Kebede Gudina and Joke De Pauw
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:53
  20. Various post-stroke dysfunctions often result in poor long-term outcomes for stroke survivors, but the effect of conventional treatments is limited. In recent years, lots of studies have confirmed the effect o...

    Authors: Tingting Jiang, Xiupan Wei, Mingzhu Wang, Jiang Xu, Nan Xia and Min Lu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:52
  21. This retrospective study examined the humanistic burden of fatigue in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), compared with adults without MS, using data from the 2017 and 2019 US National...

    Authors: Hoa H. Le, Jennifer Ken-Opurum, Anne LaPrade, Martine C. Maculaitis and John J. Sheehan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:51
  22. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) remains a significant limitation of neuroendovascular procedures peformed through transradial access (TRA) when radial artery needs to be reused. Instances of early RAO recanaliza...

    Authors: Ranze Cai, Yingchuang Jiang, Jian Wu, Qiuping Li and Biao Qi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:50
  23. Globally, an estimated 14% of adults live with migraine disease which impacts their physical, emotional and social wellbeing. To target the disease comprehensively, research recommends a multidisciplinary appr...

    Authors: Nicola Filzmoser, Iman Webber, Gabriele Kerr, Aos Alaa, Marie Iine El Asmar, Manisha Karki, Eva Riboli-Sasco and Austen El-Osta
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:47
  24. Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe acute condition in neurocritical care with high mortality. Searching for risk factors affecting the prognosis in SE remains a significant issue. The primary study’s aim was ...

    Authors: Zdenek Krejzar, David Sila, Petr Waldauf, Eduard Kuriscak, Petr Mokrejs and Vera Spatenkova
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:46
  25. To explore the predictive value of radiomics in predicting stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients and construct a prediction model based on clinical features and DWI-MRI radi...

    Authors: Haowen Luo, Jingyi Li, Yongsen Chen, Bin Wu, Jianmo Liu, Mengqi Han, Yifan Wu, Weijie Jia, Pengfei Yu, Rui Cheng, Xiaoman Wang, Jingyao Ke, Hongfei Xian, Jianglong Tu and Yingping Yi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:45
  26. Wilson’s disease (WD) is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism. Agenesis of the corpus callosum is the complete or partial absence of the major united fiber bundles connecting the cerebral hemispheres. In...

    Authors: Liangjie Zhang, Ling Zhu, Chunling Ci, Wenlong Ai, Yu Wang and Xun Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:44
  27. Spinal adhesive arachnoiditis is a chronic inflammatory process of the leptomeninges and intrathecal neural elements. The possible causes of arachnoiditis are: infections, injuries of spinal cord, surgical pro...

    Authors: Jakub Ubysz, Magdalena Koszewicz, Joanna Bladowska and Slawomir Budrewicz
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:43
  28. Tsutsugamushi (scrub typhus) is an acute infectious febrile disease common in the Asia-Pacific region. Common symptoms of tsutsugamushi include lymphadenopathy, fever, and myalgia, and it rarely causes acute i...

    Authors: Dain Kim, Yeon Hee Cho, Jeong Bin Bong, Young Seo Kim, Byoung-Soo Shin and Hyun Goo Kang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:42
  29. Early posttraumatic seizure (PTS) is a well-known complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that can induce the development of secondary brain injuries, including increased intracranial pressure, brain deat...

    Authors: Nega Dagnew Baye, Fikadie Dagnew Baye, Assefa Agegnehu Teshome, Atalo Agimas Ayenew, Anmut Tilahun Mulu, Endeshaw Chekol Abebe and Zelalem Tilahun Muche
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:41
  30. Although age is the biggest known risk factor for dementia, there remains uncertainty about other factors over the life course that contribute to a person’s risk for cognitive decline later in life. Furthermor...

    Authors: Heidi Murray-Smith, Suzie Barker, Frederik Barkhof, Josephine Barnes, Thomas M. Brown, Gabriella Captur, Molly R.E.Cartlidge, David M. Cash, William Coath, Daniel Davis, John C. Dickson, James Groves, Alun D. Hughes, Sarah-Naomi James, Ashvini Keshavan, Sarah E. Keuss…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:40
  31. To predict the appearance of early neurological deterioration (END) among patients with isolated acute pontine infarction (API) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived radiomics of the infarct site.

    Authors: Jia Wang, Kuang Fu, Zhenqi Wang, Ning Wang, Xiaokun Wang, Tianquan Xu, Haoran Li, Xv Han and Yun Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:39
  32. Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) is a rare complication during or after angiography, usually transient and reversible. CIE diagnosis is challenging due to the absence of no formal diagnostic criteria. CIE...

    Authors: Jing Ren, Yinhua Ge, Ruyi Wen, Yong Zhang, Jun Shen and Wenjun Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:38
  33. Visuospatial neglect (VSN) has been suggested to limit standing balance improvement post-stroke. However, studies investigating this association longitudinally by means of repeated within-subject measurements ...

    Authors: Elissa Embrechts, Jonas Schröder, Tanja C. W. Nijboer, Charlotte van der Waal, Christophe Lafosse, Steven Truijen and Wim Saeys
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:37
  34. There is often a fear of social stigma experienced by people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), which negatively impacts the quality of their lives (QoL). Currently, no Persian-validated questionnaire is availabl...

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Habibi, Mohammad Yazdan Panah, Saeed Vaheb, Meysam Olfatifar, Aysa Shaygannejad, Yousef Mokary, Majid Ghasemi, Sangharsha Thapa, Vahid Shaygannejad and Omid Mirmosayyeb
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:36
  35. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease that affects neuromuscular junction. The literature suggests the involvement of circulating cytokines (CK), gut microbiota (GM), and serum metabolites (SM) with ...

    Authors: Wenwen Wang, Wei Ge, Junling Feng, Manli Huang, Xihua Zhang, Jielai Xia, Ling Wang and Chen Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:33
  36. Although randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-targeted monoclonal antibodies (CGRP mAbs) are an efficacious and safe therapeutic modality for migraine prev...

    Authors: Mamoru Shibata, Kazuki Fujita, Eri Hoshino, Kazushi Minami, Kenzo Koizumi, Satoshi Okada and Fumihiko Sakai
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:32

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2024 24:157

  37. SCN8A-related disorders are a group of variable conditions caused by pathogenic variations in SCN8A. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) terms them as developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 13, benign ...

    Authors: Malavika Hebbar, Nawaf Al-Taweel, Inderpal Gill, Cyrus Boelman, Richard A. Dean, Samuel J. Goodchild, Janette Mezeyova, Noah Gregory Shuart, J. P. Johnson Jr., James Lee, Aspasia Michoulas, Linda L. Huh, Linlea Armstrong, Mary B. Connolly and Michelle K. Demos
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:31
  38. To explore the predictive value of interleukin-6 (IL-6) combined with human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL) of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in patients who were diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

    Authors: Mingming Zhang, Xiaoqian Shi, Bin Zhang, Yingqi Zhang, Ying Chen, Daofeng You, Hongmin Zhao, Qianqian Lu and Yanrong Ma
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:30
  39. Up to 65% of people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) develop cognitive deficits, which hampers their ability to work, participating in day-to-day life and ultimately reducing quality of life (QoL). Early cogniti...

    Authors: Jip Aarts, Shalina R. D. Saddal, Judith E. Bosmans, Vincent de Groot, Brigit A. de Jong, Martin Klein, Marit F. L. Ruitenberg, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Esther C. F. Schippers, Menno M. Schoonheim, Bernard M. J. Uitdehaag, Sabina van der Veen, Pauline T. Waskowiak, Guy A. M. Widdershoven, Karin van der Hiele and Hanneke E. Hulst
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:28

    The Study Protocol to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2024 24:26

  40. There are very limited reports on anti-metabolic glutamate receptor5 (mGluR5) encephalitis, especially lacking of pediatric research. The disease was mostly accompanied by tumors, mainly Hodgkin's lymphoma. No...

    Authors: Kaili Shi, Huimin Zhao, Ying Li, Xiaojing Li and Wenxiong Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:27

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