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  1. Meningitis is known as a meningeal inflammation accompanied by pleocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and can be classified into acute, subacute, and chronic meningitis based on symptoms duration of ≤ 5...

    Authors: Niloufar Bineshfar, Ali Rezaei, Alireza Mirahmadi, Shervin Shokouhi, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh, Mehrdad Haghighi, Ali Amini Harandi, Maziar Shojaei, Mahtab Ramezani, Anahita Zoghi, Kourosh Gharagozli, Legha Lotfollahi and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:340
  2. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes motor symptoms and autonomic dysfunction. However, autonomic function tests commonly performed in PD can only evaluate either th...

    Authors: Tomo Miyagi, Masanobu Yamazato, Takuto Nakamura, Takashi Tokashiki, Yukihiro Namihira, Kazuhito Kokuba, Satoshi Ishihara, Hirokuni Sakima and Yusuke Ohya
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:339
  3. Embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) encompasses diverse embologenic mechanisms, which transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is critical to detect. Specific markers related to each embolic source in E...

    Authors: Kenichiro Hira, Yuji Ueno, Masao Watanabe, Hideki Shimura, Naohide Kurita, Nobukazu Miyamoto, Haruna Haginiwa, Kazuo Yamashiro, Nobutaka Hattori and Takao Urabe
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:338
  4. We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to assess the possible pathogenic role of fALFF in CH. A limited number of studies have reported on fractional amplitude of low-frequency f...

    Authors: Yun Chen, Xinbo Xing, Wei Dai, Lixia Tian, Zhao Dong and Shengyuan Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:336
  5. A reliable assessment of the functional abilities of patients after severe brain damage is crucial for valid prognostication and treatment decisions, but most clinical scales are of limited use among this spec...

    Authors: Melanie Boltzmann, Simone B. Schmidt, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Joachim K. Krauss, Günter U. Höglinger, Christian Weimar and Jens D. Rollnik
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:333
  6. This study aimed to investigate the risk predictors for early neurological deterioration (END) in isolated acute pontine infarction without any causative artery stenosis.

    Authors: Yinglin Liu, Hongmei Peng, Jian Wang, Lanying He, Jinghan Xu, Min Zheng, Yao Xu and Fan Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:332
  7. Serum calcium abnormalities have been determined to be associated with the risk and outcome of stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of serum calcium with vascular recanalization...

    Authors: Xinwei He, Baomei Lin, Taotao Tao, Qiuyue Chen, Jinhua Wang and Jiaolei Jin
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:330
  8. For the two-thirds of patients with epilepsy who achieve seizure remission on antiseizure medications (ASMs), patients and clinicians must weigh the pros and cons of long-term ASM treatment. However, little wo...

    Authors: Samuel W. Terman, Joshua D. Niznik, Geertruida Slinger, Willem M. Otte, Kees P. J. Braun, Carole E. Aubert, Wesley T. Kerr, Cynthia M. Boyd and James F. Burke
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:328
  9. β2-microglobulin has been showing to be vital that associated with brain function and neurological diseases. This study aimed to explore the expressions of β2-microglobulin in blood and urine of the patients w...

    Authors: Qiqi Huo, Wenshuo Dong, Yu Gao, Yi Zhang, Xuehua Liu, Lu Yang, Ding Nan and Jing Yang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:327
  10. To determine the association between dynamic neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) during hospitalization and mortality 1 month after ischemia reperfusion in patients undergoing endovascular treatment (EVT) wit...

    Authors: Song Li, Linghong Hu, Jian Wang, Feihui Zou, Bin Han, Yougang Wang and Kefeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:326
  11. Many patients with strokes report increased incidence of fall that can be due to impaired postural balance. The recovery of balance in patients with varying degrees of impairments and activity limitations is l...

    Authors: Dongni Buvarp, Lena Rafsten, Tamar Abzhandadze and Katharina S. Sunnerhagen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:324
  12. Antibodies against myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein (MOG-Abs) associated disease (MOGAD) has been recognized as a disease entity. Optic neuritis (ON) is the most common symptom in MOGAD. To demonstrate the ...

    Authors: Yajun Yao, Xindi Li, Yun Xu, Xiaofang Liang, Liu Yang, Fu-Dong Shi, Xinghu Zhang, De-Cai Tian and Xuxiang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:323
  13. Due to a rising number of COVID-19 cases, the Indonesian government implemented public health programs to lower the rate. Since January 2021, one of the government’s primary policies has been the COVID-19 immu...

    Authors: Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Fillia Kristyawati Haryono, Nikolaus Erik Darmawan, Mia Amelia Mutiara Salikim and Vanessa Veronica
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:322
  14. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide. Yet, its treatment gap is large in some areas and especially in sub-Saharan Africa data on clinical, radiological and semiological character...

    Authors: Dominik Stelzle, Joyce Kaducu, Veronika Schmidt, Tamara M. Welte, Bernard J. Ngowi, William Matuja, Gabrielle Escheu, Peter Hauke, Vivien Richter, Emilio Ovuga, Bettina Pfausler, Erich Schmutzhard, Action Amos, Wendy Harrison, Luise Keller and Andrea S. Winkler
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:321
  15. Quality of life (QoL) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) is increasingly used as an efficacy outcome in clinical studies of PD to evaluate the impact of treatment from the patient’s perspective. Studies...

    Authors: Tao Li, Shuang Zou, Zijuan Zhang, Meiruo Liu and Zhanhua Liang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:320
  16. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a neurotoxic state characterized by seizures, headache, vision change, paresis, and altered mental status. PRES has an important place in medicine due to ...

    Authors: Vikram V. Puram, Dana Ghazaleh, Apameh Salari, Kaci McCleary, Gerald Moriarty, Kendall Nichols, Malik Ghannam, Kevin Brown and Brent Berry
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:318
  17. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a cardinal symptom of narcolepsy and affects many patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). EDS is associated with reduced quality of life, increased accident risk, an...

    Authors: M. Janelle Cambron-Mellott, Sam Mettam, Vicky W. Li, John C. Rowland and JeanPierre Coaquira Castro
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:317
  18. Sinus pericranii is a rare cranial venous malformation resulting in a subcutaneous mass due to abnormal communication between intracranial and subperiosteal/interperiosteal veins. To date, to the best of our k...

    Authors: Shuhei Fujino, Mikako Enokizono, Satoshi Ihara, Tatsuo Kono and Sahoko Miyama
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:316
  19. Non-stenotic carotid plaque is considered an important etiology of embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). However, only a few previous studies included a negative control group, and the characteristics ...

    Authors: Lihao Zhang, Yikun Guo, Wang Zhou, Shumin Zhu, Zhuoyou Chen, Guanzhong Dong and Yin Cao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:315
  20. Platelets play an important role in homeostasis however, they have also been associated with increased mortality after myocardial infarction. In the present study, we investigated whether platelet count is ass...

    Authors: Kazo Kanazawa, Nobukazu Miyamoto, Kenichiro Hira, Chikage Kijima, Yuji Ueno and Nobutaka Hattori
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:314
  21. Serum antibodies to myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) are biomarkers of MOG-IgG-associated disorder (MOGAD), a demyelinating disease distinct from both multiple sclerosis and aquaporin-4-IgG neuromyeli...

    Authors: Jan Kolcava, Aneta Rajdova, Eva Vlckova, Pavel Stourac and Josef Bednarik
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:313
  22. Impaired vision is one of the commonest and most disabling consequence following stroke. Among all visual impairments, eye movement disorders are found in 70% of stroke patients which include nystagmus, strabi...

    Authors: Sana Batool, Hamayun Zafar, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad and Asif Hanif
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:312
  23. As currently defined, recent small subcortical infarcts (RSSI) do not have a lower size boundary, and the smallest diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) infarcts, which we term acute subcortical cerebral microinfar...

    Authors: Wendan Tao, Yajun Cheng, Wen Guo, William Robert Kwapong, Chen Ye, Bo Wu, Shuting Zhang and Ming Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:311
  24. Childhood epilepsy causes a tremendous burden for the child, the family, society as well as the healthcare system. Adherence to anti-seizure medications (ASMs) is a key to treatment success. Poor adherence has...

    Authors: Hawi Mohammed, Kemal Lemnuro, Teferi Mekonnen and Tsegaye Melaku
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:310
  25. To prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, various vaccines have been developed and used in a large number of people worldwide. One of the most commonly used vaccines is ...

    Authors: Kentaro Nanatsue, Makoto Takahashi, Sakiko Itaya, Keisuke Abe and Akira Inaba
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:309
  26. Upper limb motor dysfunction is a common sequela of stroke, and its clinical efficacy needs to be improved. This protocol describes a trial to verify the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted virtual reality mir...

    Authors: Dong Wei, Xu-Yun Hua, Mou-Xiong Zheng, Jia-Jia Wu and Jian-Guang Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:307
  27. Fingolimod is associated with an increased risk of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML); however, its discontinuation may cause severe immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS)....

    Authors: D. Mickeviciene, A. Baltusiene, B. Afanasjeva, D. Afanasjevas, R. Gleizniene, D. Rastenyte and JR. Berger
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:306
  28. As one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, stroke and its recurrence has attracted more and more attention. Dl-3-n-butylphthalidle(NBP) has been widely used for treating acute ischemic stroke in ...

    Authors: Junchao Lv, Di Zhao, Gang Zhao and Zhen Xie
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:305
  29. Neuropathic pain is a common complication in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), which seriously affects the quality of life of NMOSD patients, with no satisfactory treatment. And risk factors of n...

    Authors: Xiaojun Li, Haoyou Xu, Zequan Zheng, Huiying Ouyang, Guixian Chen, Zhenzhen Lou, Haoxuan Chen, Jiahui Zhang, Yibo Zhan, Hui Mao, Changlin Zhang, Min Zhao and Yuanqi Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:304
  30. Polymicrogyria refers to the disruption of normal cerebral cortical development late in neuronal migration or in early cortical organization. Although patients with polymicrogyria feature relatively favorable ...

    Authors: Choong-Hee Roh, Da-Sol Kim, Gi-Wook Kim, Yu Hui Won, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Jeoung-Hwan Seo and Sung-Hee Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:303
  31. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) can regulate the activation of inflammatory signaling pathways by acting as an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which enhances B cell activation. This study aimed...

    Authors: Ting Li, Yue Li, Jia-Wen Li, Ying-Hui Qin, Hui Zhai, Bin Feng, He Li, Ning-Nannan Zhang and Chun-Sheng Yang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:302
  32. Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) is a subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), which is a chronic neurological disease, characterised by inflammation of the central nervous system. Most of MS patient...

    Authors: Vijayalakshmi Vasanthaprasad, Vivek Khurana, Sreelatha Vadapalle, Jackie Palace and Nicholas Adlard
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:301
  33. Aminoacyl tRNA-synthetases are ubiquitously-expressed enzymes that attach amino acids to their cognate tRNA molecules. Mutations in several genes encoding aminoacyl tRNA-synthetases, have been associated with ...

    Authors: Helle Høyer, Øyvind L. Busk, Q. Ying. Esbensen, Oddveig Røsby, Hilde T. Hilmarsen, Michael B. Russell, Tuula A. Nyman, Geir J. Braathen and Hilde L. Nilsen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:299
  34. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is an ionotropic glutamate (Glu) receptor that is widely expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), mainly in the hippocampus. We present a case in which the patient h...

    Authors: Xiaoling Li, Mengjiao Sun, Wei Liu, Ning Liu, Boyao Yuan and Xiaolu Su
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:298
  35. Homocysteine is correlated with several imaging features of cerebral small vessel disease including white matter hyperintensities, lacunes, and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) in the basal ganglia. However...

    Authors: Yunting Fu, Wenwei Yun, Zhixiang Zhang, Yi Ma, Lulu Xiao, Min Zhang and Wusheng Zhu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:296
  36. Trigeminal neuropathy is characterized by numbness in the region innervated by the trigeminal nerves, with or without neuropathic weakness in the muscles of mastication. Trigeminal neuritis is a form of trigem...

    Authors: Hyunsoo Kim, Kyung Wook Kang, Jae-Myung Kim and Man-Seok Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:294
  37. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), a rare disorder affecting young adults, causes gradual weakness of the limbs, areflexia and impaired sensory function. New CIDP phenotypes with...

    Authors: O. Moranne, IM. Ion, R. Cezar, Z. Messikh, C. Prelipcean, S. Chkair, E. Thouvenot, Tu Anh Tran, P. Corbeau and T. Chevallier
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:293
  38. Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are rare genetic diseases due to abnormalities of the neuromuscular junction leading to permanent or transient muscle fatigability and weakness. To date, 32 genes were fo...

    Authors: Youssef El Kadiri, Ilham Ratbi, Abdelaziz Sefiani and Jaber Lyahyai
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:292
  39. Early detection of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may provide patients with benefits against harmful health and financial impacts. The use of non-contrast computed tomography images for early detect of the infarc...

    Authors: Jianping Yu, Zhi Zhang, Qingping Xue, Tao He, Chun Luo, Kaimin Zhuo, Qian Yang, Tianzhu Xu, Jing Zhang and Fan Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:291

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