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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Differentiation of Parkinson’s disease (PD) from the various types of atypical parkinsonism (AP) such as multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), co...

    Authors: Anouke van Rumund, Marjolein B. Aerts, Rianne A. J. Esselink, Frederick J. A. Meijer, Marcel M. Verbeek and Bastiaan R. Bloem

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:69

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  2. Content type: Research article

    On-treatment magnetic resonance imaging lesions may predict long-term clinical outcomes in patients receiving interferon β-1a. This study aimed to assess the effect of active T2 and T1 gadolinium-enhancing (Gd...

    Authors: Anthony Traboulsee, David K. B. Li, Mark Cascione, Juanzhi Fang, Fernando Dangond and Aaron Miller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:68

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The principal biomarker of neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS) is believed to be brain volume, which is associated with cognitive functions and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL). A cross-sectional and ...

    Authors: Jessica Frau, Giuseppe Fenu, Alessio Signori, Giancarlo Coghe, Lorena Lorefice, Maria Antonietta Barracciu, Vincenzo Sechi, Federico Cabras, Mauro Badas, Maria Giovanna Marrosu and Eleonora Cocco

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:67

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  4. Content type: Research article

    HIV is a neurotropic virus, and it can bring about neurodegeneration and may even result in cognitive impairments. The precise mechanism of HIV-associated white matter (WM) injury is unknown. The effects of mu...

    Authors: Rui-li Li, Jun Sun, Zhen-chao Tang, Jing-ji Zhang and Hong-jun Li

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:66

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by visuospatial and visuoperceptual impairment, with memory relatively preserved. Although PCA is pathologically almost identical...

    Authors: Jieying Li, Liyong Wu, Yi Tang, Aihong Zhou, Fen Wang, Yi Xing and Jianping Jia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:65

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Motor outcomes of children with unilateral cerebral palsy are clearly documented and well understood, yet few studies describe the cognitive functioning in this population, and the associations between the two...

    Authors: Brian Hoare, Michael Ditchfield, Megan Thorley, Margaret Wallen, Jenny Bracken, Adrienne Harvey, Catherine Elliott, Iona Novak and Ali Crichton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:63

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  7. Content type: Case report

    POEMS syndrome is a plasma cell disorder, which clinically manifests from paraneoplastic syndrome: polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and skin changes. The most comm...

    Authors: Panitha Jindahra, Charungthai Dejthevaporn, Pimjai Niparuck, Jariya Waisayarat, Piyaphon Cheecharoen, Thanatporn Threetong, Purit Petpiroon, Tharikarn Sujirakul, Anuchit Poonyathalang and Kavin Vanikieti

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:64

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Some metabolic disorders, including abnormal calcium metabolism, can develop and worsen parkinsonism. However, whether hyperparathyroidism can cause parkinsonism remains controversial.

    Authors: Yuichiro Ohya, Masato Osaki, Shota Sakai, Shunsuke Kimura, Chiharu Yasuda, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono and Shuji Arakawa

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:62

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Epilepsy is a major complication of stroke. We aimed to establish whether there is an association between intravenous thrombolysis, intra-arterial thrombolysis and post stroke seizure (PSS) development. Improv...

    Authors: Jillian Naylor, Arthur Thevathasan, Leonid Churilov, Ruibing Guo, Yunyun Xiong, Miriam Koome, Ziyi Chen, Ziyuan Chen, Xinfeng Liu, Patrick Kwan and Bruce C. V. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:61

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder after streptococcal infection (PANDAS) is a specific autoimmune response to group-A streptococcal infections in children and adolescents with a sudden onset of ob...

    Authors: A. H. Nave, P. Harmel, R. Buchert and L. Harms

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:60

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly Wegener’s granulomatosis) is a multisystem vasculitis of small- to medium-sized blood vessels. Cranial involvement can result in cranial nerve palsies and, rarel...

    Authors: James E. Peters, Vivek Gupta, Ibtisam T. Saeed, Curtis Offiah and Ali S. M. Jawad

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:59

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Persistent and uncontrollable intracranial hypertension (ICH) and difficulty in reducing Cryptococcus count are severe problems in cryptococcal meningitis (CM) patients. The therapeutic effects of ventriculope...

    Authors: Jia Liu, Zhuo-lin Chen, Min Li, Chuan Chen, Huan Yi, Li Xu, Feng Tan and Fu-hua Peng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:58

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to i) examine the frequency of C9orf72 expansions in a cohort of patients with the behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) phenocopy syndrome, ii) observe outcomes in a group of pheno...

    Authors: E. Devenney, T. Swinn, E. Mioshi, M. Hornberger, K. E. Dawson, S. Mead, J. B. Rowe and J. R. Hodges

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:56

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Endovascular techniques have proven beneficial in the treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), but with high risk of arterial clotting, emboli and dissection. Platelet activation and alterations...

    Authors: Pauline Perez, Anne-Claire Lukaszewicz, Stephanie Lenck, Rémy Nizard, Ludovic Drouet and Didier Payen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:57

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects mammals and humans. The prevalence of this disease in the United States is 0.5 to 1 per million inhabitants. So far in Ecua...

    Authors: Germaine Eleanor Torres Herrán, Andrés Damián Ortega Herrera, Braulio Martinez Burbano, Marcos Serrano-Dueñas, María Angélica Ortiz Yepez, Raúl Alberto Barrera Madera, Luis Alfredo Masabanda Campaña, Guillermo David Baño Jiménez, Denny Maritza Santos Saltos and Edgar Patricio Correa Díaz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:55

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Caregiver burden may be either a predictor or an outcome of caregiver quality of life (QoL). Patient or caregiver factors that directly affect caregiver QoL, predictors that are simultaneously shared with care...

    Authors: Yu-Hsia Tsai, Meei-Fang Lou, Tsui-Hsia Feng, Tsung-Lan Chu, Ying-Jen Chen and Hsueh-Erh Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:50

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  17. Content type: Research article

    It is usually difficult to identify stroke pathogenesis for single lenticulostriate infarction with nonstenotic middle cerebral artery (MCA). Our aim is to differentiate the two pathogeneses, non-branch athero...

    Authors: Li-Li Sun, Zhong-Hao Li, Wen-Xiong Tang, Lei Liu, Fei-Yan Chang, Xue-Bin Zhang, Wei-Jie Ye, Shuo Lu, Zun-Jing Liu and Xian-Jin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:51

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Common first symptoms are dementia, cerebellar ataxia, visual disturbance, and psychiatric symptoms. Seizure as the first symptom of CJD is...

    Authors: Keita Miyake, Takashi Hara, Etsuko Oshima, Kiyohiro Kawada, Hideki Ishizu, Yuko Yamauchi, Katsuya Satoh, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada and Norihito Yamada

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:54

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a devastating autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, which can result in blindness or paralysis. Currently, there is a dire need...

    Authors: Yujuan Jiao, Lei Cui, Weihe Zhang, Chunyu Zhang, Yeqiong Zhang, Xin Zhang and Jinsong Jiao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:47

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Congenital sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) lyase deficiency due to biallelic mutations in SGPL1 gene has recently been described in association with primary adrenal insufficiency and steroid-resistant nephrotic syn...

    Authors: Gulin Sunter, Ece Oge Enver, Azad Akbarzade, Serap Turan, Pinar Vatansever, Dilek Ince Gunal, Goncagul Haklar, Abdullah Bereket, Kadriye Agan and Tulay Guran

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:48

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The general principles in the administration of anesthetic drugs entail not only the suppression of seizure activity but also the achievement of electroencephalography burst suppression (BS). However, previous...

    Authors: Kanitpong Phabphal, Suparat Chisurajinda, Thapanee Somboon, Kanjana Unwongse and Alan Geater

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:46

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