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Table 3 Values of NSE (ng/mL) and S100B (μg/L) and DRS-R-98 scores during delirium in different subtypes.*

From: Markers of cerebral damage during delirium in elderly patients with hip fracture

  Hyperactive Mixed Hypoactive p-value
NSE – number 11 8 4  
N (%) > 12.5 4 (36) 4 (50) 1 (25) 0.68
Mean (SD) 12.2 (3.8) 14.3 (5.5) 11.0 (2.8) 0.41
S100B – number 17 12 4  
N (%) > 0.10 13 (77) 11 (92) 3 (75) 0.54
Median (IQR) 0.17 (0.10–0.21) 0.23 (0.11–0.32) 0.12 (0.09–0.54) 0.43
DRS-R-98† 19 20 18 0.25
  1. IQR: inter-quartile-range; DRS-R-98: Delirium Rating Scale-R-98.
  2. *Subtype is specified in 34 delirious patients; one patient did not meet the criteria of any of the subtypes; specification of the subtype was missing for 23 delirious patients; of five patients no blood sample was taken during delirium.
  3. †DRS-R-98 score is specified in 29 of the patients with known subtype.