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  • Retraction Note
  • Open Access

Retraction Note: Gene expression profiling analysis of the putamen for the investigation of compensatory mechanisms in Parkinson’s disease

BMC Neurology201515:45

  • Received: 23 February 2015
  • Accepted: 23 February 2015
  • Published:

The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2013 13:181


The Publisher and Editor regretfully retract this article [1] because the peer-review process was inappropriately influenced and compromised. As a result, the scientific integrity of the article cannot be guaranteed. A systematic and detailed investigation suggests that a third party was involved in supplying fabricated details of potential peer reviewers for a large number of manuscripts submitted to different journals. In accordance with recommendations from COPE we have retracted all affected published articles, including this one. It was not possible to determine beyond doubt that the authors of this particular article were aware of any third party attempts to manipulate peer review of their manuscript.

Update posted {4th April, 2016}

BioMed Central has been informed by the authors’ institution that it has conducted an investigation that found that the authors of this article [1] authorized third-parties to submit the manuscript on their behalf, but did not sufficiently supervise or manage the submission process. The investigation concluded that this behavior constituted academic misconduct.


Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Neurology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, NO.4 chongshan Road, huanggu Area, Shenyang, 110032, Liaoning, China


  1. Lianbo G, Gao H, Zhou J, Xu Y. Gene expression profiling analysis of the putamen for the investigation of compensatory mechanisms in Parkinson’s disease. BMC Neurol. 2013;13:181.View ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Gao et al; licensee BioMed Central. 2016

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.