Open Access

Erratum to: Combination of anxiety and depression is associated with an increased headache frequency in migraineurs: a population-based study

  • Kyungmi Oh1,
  • Soo-Jin Cho2,
  • Yun Kyung Chung3,
  • Jae-Moon Kim4 and
  • Min Kyung Chu5Email author
BMC NeurologyBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted201616:51

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-016-0571-x

Published: 19 April 2016

The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2014 14:238

Erratum

After publication of the original article [1], the authors noticed that the article contained some errors in the data presented within Table 1, Figs. 1 and 2, and Tables 2 and 3.
Fig. 1

Flow chart depicting the participation of subjects in the Korean Headache-Sleep Study

Fig. 2

Venn diagram for distribution of subjects with anxiety, depression and migraine

Table 1

Sociodemographic distribution of all survey participants, the total Korean population, and of cases identified as migraine, anxiety and depression

 

Survey participants N (%)

Total population N (%)

P

Migraine N, % (95 % CI)

Anxiety N, % (95 % CI)

Depression N, % (95 % CI)

Men

1345 (49.3)

17,584,365 (50.6)

0.854a

36, 2.7 (1.8–3.5)

109, 8.1 (6.6–9.6)

43, 3.2 (2.3–4.2)

Women

1350 (50.7)

17,198,350 (49.4)

107, 7.9 (6.5–9.4)

159, 11.8 (10.1–13.5)

73, 5.4 (4.2–6.6)

Age

 19–29

542 (20.5)

7,717,947 (22.2)

0.917a

25, 4.5 (2.7–6.2)

53, 9.6 (7.2–12.1)

23, 4.1 (2.5–5.8)

 30–39

604 (21.9)

8,349,487 (24.0)

42, 7.0 (4.9–9.1)

51, 8.7 (6.4–11.0)

32, 5.4 (4.6–7.3)

 40–49

611 (23.1)

8,613,110 (24.8)

39, 6.5 (4.5–8.4)

67, 11.0 (8.5–13.5)

24, 4.0 (2.5–5.5)

 50–59

529 (18.9)

6,167,505 (17.7)

22, 4.1 (2.4–5.9)

53, 9.9 (7.3–12.5)

22, 4.2 (2.5–6.0)

 60–69

409 (15.6)

3,934,666 (11.3)

15, 3.9 (2.0–5.7)

14, 10.8 (7.8–13.8)

15, 3.7 (2.0–5.5)

Size of residential area

 Large city

1248 (46.3)

16,776,771 (48.2)

0.921a

76, 6.1 (4.8–7.5)

130, 10.4 (8.7–12.1)

57, 4.6 (3.4–5.7)

 Medium–to–small city

1186 (44.0)

15,164,345 (43.6)

48, 4.0 (2.9–5.2)

112, 9.5 (7.8–11.2)

47, 4.0 (2.9–5.1)

 Rural area

261 (9.7)

2,841,599 (8.2)

19, 7.4 (4.2–10.6)

26, 10.0 (6.3–13.6)

12, 4.7 (2.1–7.3)

Education level

 Middle school or less

393 (14.9)

6,608,716 (19.0)

0.752a

22, 5.5 (4.2–7.7)

55, 13.9 (10.5–17.4)

20, 5.2 (3.0–7.4)

 High school

1208 (44.5)

15,234,829 (43.8)

60, 5.0 (3.8–6.3)

111, 9.2 (7.5–10.8)

49, 4.1 (3.0–5.2)

 College or more

1068 (39.6)

12,939,170 (37.2)

60, 5.6 (4.3–7.0)

100, 9.5 (7.7–11.2)

47, 4.4 (3.2–5.7)

 Not responded

26 (9.6)

  

1, 3.8 (0.0–11.8)

2, 8.0 (0.0–18.0)

0, 0.0 (0.0–0.0)

Total

2695 (100.0)

34,782,715 (100.0)

 

143, 5.3 (4.5–6.2)

268, 10.0 (8.8–11.1)

116, 4.3 (3.6–5.1)

aCompared gender, age group, size of residential area, and educational level distributions between the sample of the present study and total population of Korea

Table 2

Demographics, headache characteristics and associated symptoms of migraineurs according to anxiety and depression

 

Migraine subjects without anxiety or depression, N = 92

Migraine subjects with anxiety alone, N = 27

Migraine subjects with depression alone, N = 8

Migraine with anxiety and depression, N = 16

P-value

Demographics

 Mean age ± SD (years)

40.4 ± 11.4

47.2 ± 14.5

42.1 ± 15.7

44.5 ± 18.4

0.131

 Women, N (%)

71 (75.5)

21 (77.8)

7 (77.8)

13 (76.5)

0.995

Headache characteristics

 Unilateral pain, N (%)

57 (60.6)

15 (53.6)

4 (44.4)

7 (41.2)

0.409

 Pulsating quality, N (%)

72 (76.6)

21 (77.8)

7 (77.8)

12 (70.6)

0.950

 Moderate-to-severe severity, N (%)

72 (75.8)

22 (81.5)

8 (88.9)

17 (100.0)

0.119

 Aggravation by movement, N (%)

60 (63.8)

21 (77.8)

5 (55.6)

15 (88.2)

0.121

Associated symptoms

 Nausea, N (%)

84 (88.4)

23 (82.1)

9 (100.0)

15 (88.2)

0.544

 Vomiting, N (%)

33 (34.7)

15 (53.6)

3 (33.3)

8 (47.1)

0.288

 Photophobia, N (%)

55 (57.9)

19 (70.4)

1 (11.1)

11 (64.7)

0.017

 Phonophobia, N (%)

63 (67.0)

21 (77.8)

6 (66.7)

13 (76.5)

0.668

 Osmophobia, N (%)

42 (44.7)

13 (48.1)

4 (44.4)

9 (46.3)

0.930

Table 3

Frequency, severity and impact of headache according to migraineurs’ anxiety and depression status

 

Migraine subjects without anxiety or depression, N = 92

Migraine subjects with anxiety alone, N = 27

Migraine subjects with depression alone, N = 8

Migraine subjects with anxiety and depression, N = 16

P-value*

Post hoc analysis with Bonferroni’s correction

Median (25 %–75 %)

Median (25 %–75 %)

Median (25 %–75 %)

Median (25 %–75 %)

Frequency per month

1.0 (0.3–3.0)

2.0 (1.0–5.0)

1.0 (0.3–4.0)

8.0 (2.5–21.0)

<0.001

1 vs. 2 = 0.596

1 vs.3 = 1.000

1 vs. 4 < 0.001

2 vs.3 = 1.000

2 vs. 4 = 0.003

3 vs. 4 = 0.001

VAS score for pain intensity

6.0 (5.0–7.0)

7.0 (6.0–8.0)

7.0 (6.0–8.0)

7.0 (5.0–9.0)

<0.001

1 vs. 2 = 0.011

1 vs.3 = 0.824

1 vs. 4 = 0.018

2 vs.3 = 1.000

2 vs. 4 = 1.000

3 vs. 4 = 1.000

HIT–6 score

50.0 (46.0–58.0)

57.0 (49.0–60.8)

62.0 (52.0–70.5)

64.0 (61.0–67.0)

<0.001

1 vs. 2 = 0.074

1 vs.3 = 0.004

1 vs. 4 < 0.001

2 vs.3 = 0.545

2 vs. 4 = 0.005

3 vs. 4 = 1.000

HIT–6: Headache Impact Test–6; VAS: Visual Analogue Scale

*Kruskal–Wallis one–way analysis of variance test among the four groups: migraine subjects without anxiety or depression, migraine subjects with anxiety alone, migraine subjects with depression alone and migraine subjects with anxiety and depression

1: migraine subjects without anxiety or depression; 2: migraine subjects with anxiety alone; 3: migraine subjects with depression alone; 4: migraine with anxiety and depression

The corrected versions are given in this erratum. The main findings of the original article are not affected after this correction. The authors apologise for any inconvenience this has caused.

Notes

Declarations

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Neurology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University School of Medicine
(2)
Department of Neurology, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine
(3)
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine
(4)
Department of Neurology, Chungnam National University, College of Medicine
(5)
Department of Neurology, Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine

Reference

  1. Oh K, Cho S-J, Chung YK, Kim JM, Chu MK. Combination of anxiety and depression is associated with an increased headache frequency in migraineurs: a population-based study. BMC Neurol. 2014;14:238. doi:10.1186/s12883-014-0238-4.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Oh et al. 2016

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