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  1. The study aims to assess the therapeutic benefits of motor imagery training in stroke patients with persistent motor weakness. There is evidence to suggest that mental rehearsal of movement can produce effects...

    Authors: Magdalena Ietswaart, Marie Johnston, H Chris Dijkerman, Clare L Scott, Sara A Joice, Steven Hamilton and Ronald S MacWalter
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:39
  2. Previous studies have demonstrated poor knowledge of stroke among patients with established risk factors. This study aims to assess the baseline knowledge, among patients with increased risk for stroke in Oman...

    Authors: Mohammed A Al Shafaee, Shyam S Ganguly and Abdullah R Al Asmi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:38
  3. Inflammation and inflammatory biomarkers play an important role in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Little information is available, however, on time course of serum markers of inflammation after st...

    Authors: Mitchell SV Elkind, Kristen Coates, Wanling Tai, Myunghee C Paik, Bernadette Boden-Albala and Ralph L Sacco
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:37
  4. This study sought to describe stroke prevalence in Spanish elderly populations and compare it against that of other European countries.

    Authors: Raquel Boix, José Luis del Barrio, Pedro Saz, Ramón Reñé, José María Manubens, Antonio Lobo, Jordi Gascón, Ana de Arce, Jaime Díaz-Guzmán, Alberto Bergareche, Félix Bermejo-Pareja and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:36
  5. Brain derived proteins such as 14-3-3, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S 100b, tau, phosphorylated tau and Aβ1–42 were found to be altered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) patien...

    Authors: Constanze Boesenberg-Grosse, Walter J Schulz-Schaeffer, Monika Bodemer, Barbara Ciesielczyk, Bettina Meissner, Anna Krasnianski, Mario Bartl, Uta Heinemann, Daniela Varges, Sabina Eigenbrod, Hans A Kretzschmar, Alison Green and Inga Zerr
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:35
  6. Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is difficult. Rapid confirmatory diagnosis is essential to initiate required therapy. There are very few published reports about the diagnostic significance of 65 kD h...

    Authors: Anju V Mudaliar, Rajpal S Kashyap, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori and Hatim F Daginawala
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:34
  7. Extrapontine myelinolysis presenting with extra pyramidal features suggestive of parkinsonism may be a challenging clinical syndrome. Clinicians should maintain their vigilance while correcting electrolyte imb...

    Authors: J Sajith, A Ditchfield and HA Katifi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:33
  8. Many cases of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are familial, often with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Some are due to a mutation in the tau- encoding gene, on chromosome 17, and show an accumulati...

    Authors: Ian R Mackenzie, Stefanie L Butland, Rebecca S Devon, Emily Dwosh, Howard Feldman, Caroline Lindholm, Scott J Neal, BF Francis Ouellette and Blair R Leavitt
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:32
  9. It has been recently demonstrated that in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) memory deficits at presentation are commoner than previously thought. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype, the major genetic risk...

    Authors: Barbara Borroni, Daniela Perani, Silvana Archetti, Chiara Agosti, Barbara Paghera, Giuseppe Bellelli, Monica Di Luca and Alessandro Padovani
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:31
  10. Effective control of (upright) body posture requires a proper representation of body orientation. Stroke patients with pusher syndrome were shown to suffer from severely disturbed perception of own body orient...

    Authors: Leif Johannsen, Doris Broetz and Hans-Otto Karnath
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:30
  11. Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases can be made using established cohort studies but these estimates may have lower reliability if based purely on self-reported diagnosis.

    Authors: Thomas Foltynie, Fiona E Matthews, Lianna Ishihara and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:29
  12. The relationship between functional recovery after brain injury and concomitant neuroplastic changes is emphasized in recent research. In the present study we aimed to delineate brain regions essential for lan...

    Authors: Marcus Meinzer, Tobias Flaisch, Jonas Obleser, Ramin Assadollahi, Daniela Djundja, Gabriela Barthel and Brigitte Rockstroh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:28
  13. Fatigue is a common complaint in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often interferes with daily functioning. Both clinicians and researchers may need to detect high levels of fatigue impact using a time and effort ef...

    Authors: Daphne Kos, Guy Nagels, Marie B D'Hooghe, Marijke Duportail and Eric Kerckhofs
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:27
  14. Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common chronic neurological disorder of the elderly. Despite the fact that a comprehensive review of general health care in the United States showed that the quality of...

    Authors: Kari Swarztrauber, Eric Graf and Eric Cheng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:26
  15. The 14-3-3 test appears to be a valuable aid for the clinical diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) in selected populations. However, its usefulness in routine practice has been challenged. In...

    Authors: Natividad Cuadrado-Corrales, Adolfo Jiménez-Huete, Carmen Albo, Rafael Hortigüela, Luz Vega, Laura Cerrato, Maríajosé Sierra-Moros, Alberto Rábano, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta and Miguel Calero
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:25
  16. Pathological brain iron deposition has been implicated as a source of neurotoxic reactive oxygen species in Alzheimer (AD) and Parkinson diseases (PD). Iron metabolism is associated with the gene hemochromatos...

    Authors: Rita J Guerreiro, Jose M Bras, Isabel Santana, Cristina Januario, Beatriz Santiago, Ana S Morgadinho, Maria H Ribeiro, John Hardy, Andrew Singleton and Catarina Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:24
  17. It is a well-known phenomenon that some patients with acute left or right hemisphere stroke show a deviation of the eyes (Prévost's sign) and head to one side. Here we investigated whether both right- and left...

    Authors: M Fruhmann Berger, RD Proß, UJ Ilg and H-O Karnath
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:23

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2006 6:49

  18. Previous studies have proposed correlation between variants of the cerebral arterial circle (also known as circle of Willis) and some cerebrovascular diseases. Differences in the incidence of these diseases in...

    Authors: Behzad Eftekhar, Majid Dadmehr, Saeed Ansari, Mohammad Ghodsi, Bashir Nazparvar and Ebrahim Ketabchi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:22
  19. The two human cerebral hemispheres are continuously interacting, through excitatory and inhibitory influences and one critical structure subserving this interhemispheric balance is the corpus callosum. Interhe...

    Authors: Shirley Fecteau, Maryse Lassonde and Hugo Théoret
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:21
  20. Intravenous methylprednisolone (IV-MP) is an established treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses, accompanied by rapid, though transient reduction of gadolinium enhancing (Gd+) lesions on brain MRI. Int...

    Authors: Florian Then Bergh, Tania Kümpfel, Erina Schumann, Ulrike Held, Michaela Schwan, Mirjana Blazevic, Axel Wismüller, Florian Holsboer, Alexander Yassouridis, Manfred Uhr, Frank Weber, Martin Daumer, Claudia Trenkwalder and Dorothee P Auer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:19
  21. A substantial proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients discontinue interferon-beta (IFNβ) treatment due to various adverse effects, most of which emerge at the early phase after initiation of the treatme...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Satoh, Yusuke Nanri, Hiroko Tabunoki and Takashi Yamamura
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:18
  22. Widespread cortical atrophy in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) has been described in neuropathological studies. The presence of cortical atrophy in conventional and scientific neuroimaging has been a matte...

    Authors: Julian Grosskreutz, Jörn Kaufmann, Julia Frädrich, Reinhard Dengler, Hans-Jochen Heinze and Thomas Peschel
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:17
  23. Available screening tests for dementia are of limited usefulness because they are influenced by the patient's culture and educational level. The Eurotest, an instrument based on the knowledge and handling of m...

    Authors: Cristobal Carnero-Pardo, Manuel Gurpegui, Emilio Sanchez-Cantalejo, Ana Frank, Santiago Mola, M Sagrario Barquero and M Teresa Montoro-Rios
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:15
  24. The present study was aimed at investigating the writing parameters of writer's cramp patients and control subjects during handwriting of a test sentence in the absence of visual control.

    Authors: Vihren Chakarov, Sibylla Hummel, Florian Losch, Jürgen Schulte-Mönting and Rumyana Kristeva
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:14
  25. While multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are primarily inflammatory and degenerative disorders respectively, there is increasing evidence for shared cellular mechanisms that may af...

    Authors: Yiangos Yiangou, Paul Facer, Pascal Durrenberger, Iain P Chessell, Alan Naylor, Chas Bountra, Richard R Banati and Praveen Anand
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:12
  26. Chorea in Huntington's Disease (HD) is usually treated with antidopaminergic neuroleptics like haloperidol, olanzapine and tiaprid or dopamine depleting drugs like tetrabenazine. Some patients with hyperkinesi...

    Authors: Carsten Saft, Thorsten Lauter, Peter H Kraus, Horst Przuntek and Juergen E Andrich
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:11
  27. In a sample of patients in clinical occupational medicine we have demonstrated that an upper limb neurological examination can reliably identify patterns of findings suggesting upper limb focal neuropathies. T...

    Authors: Jørgen R Jepsen, Lise H Laursen, Carl-Göran Hagert, Svend Kreiner and Anders I Larsen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:10
  28. Although the neural mechanism of chronic fatigue syndrome has been investigated by a number of researchers, it remains poorly understood.

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Norihiro Sadato, Tomohisa Okada, Kei Mizuno, Tetsuya Sasabe, Hiroki C Tanabe, Daisuke N Saito, Hirotaka Onoe, Hirohiko Kuratsune and Yasuyoshi Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:9
  29. We have previously assessed the reproducibility of manual testing of the strength in 14 individual upper limb muscles in patients with or without upper limb complaints. This investigation aimed at additionally...

    Authors: Jorgen R Jepsen, Lise H Laursen, Carl-Goran Hagert, Svend Kreiner and Anders I Larsen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:8
  30. Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can sometimes lead to persistent postconcussion symptoms. One well accepted hypothesis claims that chronic PCS has a neural origin, and is related to neurobehavioral deficits...

    Authors: Annette Sterr, Katherine A Herron, Chantal Hayward and Daniela Montaldi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:7
  31. The motor neuron degenerative disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the leading genetic cause of infant mortality and is caused by mutations in the survival of motor neurons (SMN) gene that reduce the expre...

    Authors: Stephen J Kolb, Amelie K Gubitz, Robert F Olszewski Jr, Elizabeth Ottinger, Charlotte J Sumner, Kenneth H Fischbeck and Gideon Dreyfuss
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:6
  32. It is common knowledge that the frontal lobes mediate complex human behavior and that damage to these regions can cause executive dysfunction, apathy, disinhibition and personality changes. However, it is less...

    Authors: Alexander A Grunsfeld and Ivan S Login
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:4
  33. Recent studies show that inflammatory processes may contribute to neuropathic pain. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is an inducible enzyme responsible for production of prostanoids, which may sensitise sensory neuron...

    Authors: Pascal F Durrenberger, Paul Facer, Maria A Casula, Yiangos Yiangou, Roy A Gray, Iain P Chessell, Nicola C Day, Sue D Collins, Sharon Bingham, Alex W Wilson, David Elliot, Rolfe Birch and Praveen Anand
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:1
  34. Diabetes mellitus type II afflicts at least 2 million people in Iran. Neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes and lowers the patient's quality of life. Since neuropathy often leads to ul...

    Authors: Fargol Booya, Fatemeh Bandarian, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Pajouhi, Mahdi Nooraei and Jamshid Lotfi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:24
  35. Obesity causes or exacerbates a host of medical conditions, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, and endocrine diseases. Recently obesity in elderly women was associated with greater risk of dementia, white ma...

    Authors: Michael A Ward, Cynthia M Carlsson, Mehul A Trivedi, Mark A Sager and Sterling C Johnson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:23
  36. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Persian Gulf War Illness (PGI), and fibromyalgia are overlapping symptom complexes without objective markers or known pathophysiology. Neurological dysfunction is common. We ass...

    Authors: James N Baraniuk, Begona Casado, Hilda Maibach, Daniel J Clauw, Lewis K Pannell and Sonja Hess S
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:22
  37. In Asia, stroke incidence varies dramatically from country to country. Little is known about stroke incidence in Asians/Pacific Islanders in the US, where regional heterogeneity in Asian/Pacific Islander sub-p...

    Authors: Mai N Nguyen-Huynh and S Claiborne Johnston
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:21
  38. The genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke remains relatively unstudied, and information about the genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke in populations with significant minority representation is currently ...

    Authors: Lynda D Lisabeth, Melinda A Smith, Devin L Brown, Ken Uchino and Lewis B Morgenstern
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:20
  39. The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is at present not fully elucidated, although it is considered to result from the interaction of environmental and genetic susceptibility factors. In this work we aimed a...

    Authors: Alfonso Martínez, Ana Mas, Virginia de las Heras, Rafael Arroyo, Miguel Fernández-Arquero, Emilio G de la Concha and Elena Urcelay
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:19
  40. After perinatal brain injury, clinico-anatomic correlations of functional deficits and brain plasticity remain difficult to evaluate clinically in the young infant. Thus, new non-invasive methods capable of ea...

    Authors: Mohamed L Seghier, François Lazeyras, Slava Zimine, Sonja Saudan-Frei, Avinoam B Safran and Petra S Huppi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:17
  41. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system is an idiopathic disorder characterized by vasculitis within the dural confines. The clinical presentation shows a wide variation and the course and the duration ...

    Authors: Carsten Lukas, Kathy Keyvani and Christian Börnke
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:16
  42. Parkinsonian symptoms have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several studies have reported on the prevalence of signs and symptoms. Symptoms questionnaires can identify potential PD cases...

    Authors: Lianna S Ishihara, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert Luben, Sheila Bingham, Ailsa Welch, Nicholas Day and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:15
  43. There is only limited data on improvements of critical medical care is resulting in a better outcome of comatose survivors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with generalized myoclonus. There is also a pau...

    Authors: Frank Thömke, Jürgen J Marx, Oliver Sauer, Thomas Hundsberger, Stefan Hägele, Jascha Wiechelt and Sacha L Weilemann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:14

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