Dymecka J, Gerymski R, Tataruch R, Bidzan M. Fatigue, physical disability and self-efficacy as predictors of the acceptance of illness and health-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis. Int J Enviro Res Public Health. 2021;18(24):13237.
Dobson R, Giovannoni G. Multiple sclerosis–a review. Eur J Neurol. 2019;26(1):27–40.
Amini P, Almasi-Hashiani A, Sahraian MA, Najafi M, Eskandarieh S. Multiple sclerosis projection in Tehran, Iran using Bayesian structural time series. BMC Neurol. 2021;21(1):1–6.
Hauser SL, Cree BA. Treatment of multiple sclerosis: a review. Am J Med. 2020;133(12):1380-90.e2.
Giovannetti AM, Brambilla L, Torri Clerici V, Antozzi C, Mantegazza R, Černiauskaitė M, et al. Difficulties in adjustment to multiple sclerosis: vulnerability and unpredictability of illness in the foreground. Disabil Rehabil. 2017;39(9):897–903.
Strober LB, Becker A, Randolph JJ. Role of positive lifestyle activities on mood, cognition, well-being, and disease characteristics in multiple sclerosis. Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2018;25(4):304–11.
Penwell-Waines L, Lewis K, Valvano A, Smith S, Rahn R, Stepleman L. Testing the health promotion model for adherence and quality of life in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Psychol Health Med. 2017;22(2):205–11.
Alizadeh T, Keshavarz Z, Mirghafourvand M, Zayeri F. Investigation of health promoting lifestyle and social support and their correlation among Iranian women with multiple sclerosis. Int J Women’s Health Reprod Sci. 2018;6(2):167–73.
Jafari Jovzani R, Mosavi SAM, Ahmadi A, Asgari N. Comparing Executive Function and Life orientation in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and Healthy People. J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2016;23(2):328–35.
Hanna M, Strober LB. Anxiety and depression in Multiple Sclerosis (MS): Antecedents, consequences, and differential impact on well-being and quality of life. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2020;44: 102261.
Valery PC, Ibiebele T, Harris M, Green AC, Cotterill A, Moloney A, et al. Diet, physical activity, and obesity in school-aged Indigenous youths in northern Australia. J Obes. 2012;2012:893508.
Mahmoudi H, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Babazadeh T, Shirzadi S, Mohammadi Y, Sharifi Saqezi P, et al. Health promoting behaviors in pregnant women admitted to the prenatal care unit of Imam Khomeini hospital of Saqqez. J Educ Community Health. 2015;1(4):58–65.
Hosseini M, Ashktorab T, Taghdisi MH, Khodayari MT. The interpersonal influences as a factor for health promoting life style in nursing students: a mixed method study. Glob J Health Sci. 2017;9:196–205.
Nandi A, Glymour MM, Subramanian S. Association among socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and all-cause mortality in the United States. Epidemiology. 2014;25(2):170–7.
Fitzgerald KC, Tyry T, Salter A, Cofield SS, Cutter G, Fox R, et al. Diet quality is associated with disability and symptom severity in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2018;90(1):e1–11.
Russell RD, Black LJ, Begley A. Navigating dietary advice for multiple sclerosis. Health Expect. 2021;24(3):853–62.
Motl RW. Exercise and multiple sclerosis. Phys Exerc Hum Health. 2020;16(10):848–56.
Asadi HM, Zahrakar K, Farzad V. Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Stress Management Training (CBSM) on reducing stress symptoms of women with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). 2019.
Bonavita S, Sparaco M, Russo A, Borriello G, Lavorgna L. Perceived stress and social support in a large population of people with multiple sclerosis recruited online through the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur J Neurol. 2021;28(10):3396–402.
Khajehnasiri F, Hokmabadi E, Lotfi M, Dabiran S, Khosravi S, Sharifi N. Study of health-promoting lifestyle and its effective factors in the employees of tobacco company. Iran J Health Educ Health Prom. 2022;10(1):70–9.
Mascherini G, Catelan D, Pellegrini-Giampietro DE, Petri C, Scaletti C, Gulisano M. Changes in physical activity levels, eating habits and psychological well-being during the Italian COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: Impact of socio-demographic factors on the Florentine academic population. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(5): e0252395.
Mares J, Hartung HP. Multiple sclerosis and COVID-19. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky, Olomouc Czech. 2020;164(3):217–25.
Alotaibi N, Al-Sayegh N, Nadar M, Shayea A, Allafi A, Almari M. Investigation of health science students’ knowledge regarding healthy lifestyle promotion during the spread of COVID-19 pandemic: a randomized controlled trial. Front Public Health. 2021;9:1631.
[Available from: https://covid19.who.int/.
Roberts NJ, McAloney-Kocaman K, Lippiett K, Ray E, Welch L, Kelly C. Levels of resilience, anxiety and depression in nurses working in respiratory clinical areas during the COVID pandemic. Respir Med. 2021;176: 106219.
Saadat S, Kalantari M, Kajbaf MB, Hosseininezhad M. A comparative study of health promoting behaviors in healthy individuals and patients with multiple sclerosis: an analytical study. Journal of Hayat. 2019;25(2):138–50.
Sikes EM, Richardson EV, Motl RW. A qualitative study of exercise and physical activity in adolescents with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis. Int J MS Care. 2019;21(2):81–91.
Pilutti L, Dlugonski D, Sandroff B, Klaren R, Motl R. Randomized controlled trial of a behavioral intervention targeting symptoms and physical activity in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler J. 2014;20(5):594–601.
Riemann-Lorenz K, Motl RW, Casey B, Coote S, Daubmann A, Heesen C. Possible determinants of long-term adherence to physical activity in multiple sclerosis-theory-based development of a comprehensive questionnaire and results from a German survey study. Disabil Rehabil. 2021;43(22):3175–88.
Plow M, Finlayson M, Cho C. Correlates of nutritional behavior in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Disabil Health J. 2012;5(4):284–91.
Zhang W, Becker H, Stuifbergen AK, Brown A. Predicting health promotion and quality of life with symptom clusters and social supports among older adults with multiple sclerosis. J Gerontol Nurs. 2017;43(10):27–36.
Tol A, Esmaeili Shahmirzadi S, Shojaeizadeh D, Eshraghian MR, Mohebbi B. Determination Of perceived barriers and benefits of adopting health-promoting behaviors in cardiovascular diseases prevention: application of preventative behavior model. Payavard Salamat. 2012;6(3):204–14.
Hsieh H-F, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qual Health Res. 2005;15(9):1277–88.
de Rezende LFM, Rey-López JP, Matsudo VKR, do Carmo Luiz O. Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: a systematic review. BMC public health. 2014;14(1):1–9.
Grove SK, Gray JR, Sutherland S. Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence: Elsevier. 2017.
Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today. 2004;24(2):105–12.
Herbert LB, Zerkowski K, O’Brien S, Leonard KV, Bhowmick A. Impact on interpersonal relationships among patients with multiple sclerosis and their partners. Neurodegener Dis Manag. 2019;9(3):173–87.
Ploughman M. Breaking down the barriers to physical activity among people with multiple sclerosis–a narrative review. Phys Ther Rev. 2017;22(3–4):124–32.
Barnard E, Brown CR, Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA, Marck CH. Understanding barriers, enablers, and long-term adherence to a health behavior intervention in people with multiple sclerosis. Disabil Rehabil. 2020;42(6):822–32.
Riemann-Lorenz K, Wienert J, Streber R, Motl RW, Coote S, Heesen C. Long-term physical activity in people with multiple sclerosis: exploring expert views on facilitators and barriers. Disabil Rehabil. 2020;42(21):3059–71.
Fifolt M, Richardson EV, Barstow E, Motl RW. Exercise behaviors of persons with multiple sclerosis through the stepwise implementation lens of social cognitive theory. Disabil Rehabil. 2020;42(7):948–56.
Messmer Uccelli M, Traversa S, Trojano M, Viterbo RG, Ghezzi A, Signori A. Lack of information about multiple sclerosis in children can impact parents’ sense of competency and satisfaction within the couple. J Neurol Sci. 2013;324(1–2):100–5.
Zahraie S, Amini S, Saebi S. The relationship between illness perception, stigma and cognitive fusion with quality of life of the women with multiple sclerosis. J Psychol Stud. 2018;14(2):25–40.
Zhang GX, Sanabria C, Martínez D, Zhang WT, Gao SS, Alemán A, et al. Social and professional consequences of COVID-19 lockdown in patients with multiple sclerosis from two very different populations. Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain). 2021;36(1):16–23.
Danhieux K, Buffel V, Pairon A, Benkheil A, Remmen R, Wouters E, et al. The impact of COVID-19 on chronic care according to providers: a qualitative study among primary care practices in Belgium. BMC Fam Pract. 2020;21(1):255.
Khajeheian D, Labafi S, Omidi A. Media and health: identifying and analyzing news frames in media representation of MS disease. J Cult Commun Stud. 2019;20(46):67–88.
Amani F, Hoseinzadeh S, Sabzvari A, Avesta L, Kahnamouei-Aghdam F, Barak M. Awareness rate of Ardabil city people about multiple sclerosis. Int J Adv Med. 2015;2(2):156–9.
Khoshravesh S, Taymoori P, Abdolmaleki S, Khomand P, Pavara M. Awareness, risk perception, and protective behaviors in regard to multiple sclerosis among people in Sanandaj Iran. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2016;21(1):10–20.
Plow MA, Golding M. A qualitative study of multiple health behaviors in adults with multiple sclerosis. Int J MS Care. 2016;18(5):248–56.
Shaker Devlagh A, Aminpoor M. Optimism-pessimism and self-efficacy in the patients with multiple sclerosis. J Health Care. 2015;17(1):47–56.
Gameian D, Hosseinsabet F, Motamedi A. Effectiveness of brief solution-focused group therapy on quality of life and self-efficacy of multiple sclerosis women. J Clin Psychol. 2018;10(3):13–22.
Taghdisi MH, Azarbayejani M, Khayamzadeh M, Lankarani KB. The importance of spiritual health in the COVID-19. J Cult Health Prom. 2021;4(4):436–44.
Madmoli Y, Ahmadi Y, Shamloo MBB, Rostami F, Khodadadi M, Raji M, et al. Spiritual health and its related factors in patients with thalassemia major. Med Ethics J. 2018;12:1–9.
Abdekhodaie Z, Shahidi S, Mazaheri MA, Panaghi L, Nejati V. Spiritual/religious pattern in patient with multiple sclerosis: a qualitative study. J Psychol. 2018;3(87):288–307.
Lloyd-Jones B. Developing competencies for emotional, instrumental, and informational student support during the COVID-19 pandemic: a human relations/human resource development approach. Adv Dev Hum Resour. 2021;23(1):41–54.
Rommer PS, Sühnel A, König N, Zettl UK. Coping with multiple sclerosis-the role of social support. Acta Neurol Scand. 2017;136(1):11–6.
Strupp J, Voltz R, Golla H. Opening locked doors: Integrating a palliative care approach into the management of patients with severe multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England). 2016;22(1):13–8.
Appleton D, Robertson N, Mitchell L, Lesley R. Our disease: a qualitative meta-synthesis of the experiences of spousal/partner caregivers of people with multiple sclerosis. Scand J Caring Sci. 2018;32(4):1262–78.
Jadid Milani M, Ashktorab T, Abed Saaidi Z, Alavi Majd H. Promotion of illness perception and it’s aspects in a Multiple Sclerosis (MS) peer support groups. Knowledge Health. 2013;8(1):24–30.
Bevens W, Weiland TJ, Gray K, Neate SL, Nag N, Simpson-Yap S, et al. The feasibility of a web-based educational lifestyle program for people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial. Front Public Health. 2022;10: 852214.
Farpour HR, Hoveidaei AH, Habibi L, Moosavi M, Farpour S. The impact of social media use on depression in multiple sclerosis patients. Acta Neurol Belg. 2020;120(6):1405–9.
Kantor D, Bright JR, Burtchell J. Perspectives from the patient and the healthcare professional in multiple sclerosis: social media and participatory medicine. Neurology and therapy. 2018;7(1):37–49.
AbdulRahman M, Al-Tahri F, AlMehairi MK, Carrick FR, Aldallal AMR. Digital health technology for remote care in primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic: experience from Dubai. Telemed e-Health. 2022;28(8):1100–8.
d’Arma A, Rossi V, Pugnetti L, Grosso C, Sinatra M, Dos Santos R, et al. Managing chronic disease in the COVID-19 pandemic: an e-learning application to promote a healthy lifestyle for persons with multiple sclerosis. Psychol Health Med. 2021;27(2):428–35.