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  1. Content type: Case report

    Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri) is a rare clinical entity, characterized by headaches, seizures, rapidly progressive cognitive decline, behavioral changes and magnetic resonance imagi...

    Authors: Yanjiao Du, Chao Liu, Congmin Ma, Xiaohui Xu, Xufeng Zhou, Haitao Zhou and Chao Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:97

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) has a prevalence of 28–37%. PSLLS can cause difficulty in walking and reduce quality of life (QOL). Post stroke spasticity impairs the ability to intervene to improve ...

    Authors: Anupam Datta Gupta, Renuka Visvanathan, Ian Cameron, Simon A. Koblar, Stuart Howell and David Wilson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:96

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is associated with abdominal pain, lump, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice due to either gall bladder mass or the involved adjacent peritoneal structures. Gall bladder cancer presenting ...

    Authors: Shweta Pandey, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Ravi Uniyal and Neeraj Kumar

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:95

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Recurrent optic neuritis (ON) was previously thought to be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). Meningoencephalitis has recently been suggested to be a c...

    Authors: Xiaonan Zhong, Yanyu Chang, Sha Tan, Jingqi Wang, Xiaobo Sun, Aimin Wu, Lisheng Peng, Alexander Y. Lau, Allan G. Kermode and Wei Qiu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:94

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  5. Content type: Research article

    It was suggested that robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) should not be routinely provided to disabled patients in place of conventional over-ground walking training (CGT). There exist several randomised contr...

    Authors: Martin Sattelmayer, Odile Chevalley, Ruedi Steuri and Roger Hilfiker

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:93

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Primary periodic paralysis is characterized by recurrent quadriplegia typically associated with abnormal serum potassium levels. The molecular diagnosis of primary PP previously based on Sanger sequencing of h...

    Authors: Sushan Luo, Minjie Xu, Jian Sun, Kai Qiao, Jie Song, Shuang Cai, Wenhua Zhu, Lei Zhou, Jianying Xi, Jiahong Lu, Xiaohua Ni, Tonghai Dou and Chongbo Zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:92

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a mitochondrial cytopathy caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Clinical manifestation is typically before the age of 40.

    Authors: Tim Sinnecker, Michaela Andelova, Michael Mayr, Stephan Rüegg, Michael Sinnreich, Juergen Hench, Stephan Frank, André Schaller, Christoph Stippich, Jens Wuerfel and Leo H. Bonati

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:91

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is the most prevalent brain, spinal cord, eyes, and leptomeningeal lymphoma. It is often misdiagnosed due to an unspecific presentation or unavailable biopsy and...

    Authors: Hui Zhao, Miao Ma, Limin Zhang, Guanghui Zheng, Hong Lv, Jie Liu, Xiao Li, Bei Song and Guojun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:90

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Missense mutations in SAMD9L gene is associated with ataxia-pancytopenia syndrome (ATXPC), OMIM#159550. Common clinical features in these patients include neurological and hematological symptoms. The phenotype an...

    Authors: Sofia Thunström and Markus Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:89

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cholinesterase inhibitors remain the first line therapy for people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Response is modest and difficult to predict from pre-treatment characteristics. We hypothesise...

    Authors: Peter J. Connelly, Fiona Adams, Ziad I. Tayar and Faisel Khan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:88

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Wilson’s disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disease of impaired copper metabolism. Previous study demonstrated that WD with corpus callosum abnormalities (WD-CCA) was limited to the posterior part (spleniu...

    Authors: Zhi-Hua Zhou, Yun-Fan Wu, Jin Cao, Ji-Yuan Hu, Yong-Zhu Han, Ming-Fan Hong, Gong-Qiang Wang, Shu-Hu Liu and Xue-Min Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:85

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In clinical practice, a large number of post-stroke survivors require nasogastric tube (NGT) placement and nasal feeding for a relatively long period. However, its impact on the swallowing function remains lar...

    Authors: Zhi-Yong Wang, Jian-Min Chen and Guo-Xin Ni

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:83

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Warfarin is evidence-based therapy for the prevention of cardioembolic stroke, but has not been studied for its effects on whole blood viscosity (WBV). This study investigated the effect of warfarin versus asp...

    Authors: Chan-Hyuk Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Daniel J. Cho and Seul-Ki Jeong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:82

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cerebellar hemorrhage is a potentially life-threatening condition and neurologic deterioration during hospitalization could lead to severe disability and poor outcome. Finds out the factors influencing neurolo...

    Authors: Yu-Ni Ho, Shih-Yuan Hsu, Yu-Tsai Lin, Fu-Chang Cheng, Yu-Jun Lin, Nai-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Hsien Lu and Hung-Chen Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:81

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This pilot study was to examine the feasibility and tolerance of whole body vibration therapy (WBVT) for children and adults with moderate severity of cerebral palsy (CP) being graded as levels III or IV on th...

    Authors: Tamis W. Pin, Penelope B. Butler and Sheila Purves

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:80

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Patients with severe brain injury is usual at high risk of extubation failure, despite of those with no/minor primary respiratory problem, majority of them still needs long term respiratory support and has sev...

    Authors: Meiling Dong, Yongfang Zhou, Jing Yang, Jie Yang, Xuelian Liao and Yan Kang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:79

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative disorder often presenting with emotional, cognitive and behavioral abnormalities before manifestation of disease defining motor symptoms. Cognitiv...

    Authors: Sebastian Michels, Hans-Georg Buchholz, Florian Rosar, Isabel Heinrich, Manuela A. Hoffmann, Susann Schweiger, Oliver Tüscher and Mathias Schreckenberger

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:78

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder mainly affecting females. One of the main clinical manifestations is hand stereotypies, which is presumed to based on dysfunction rather than on stru...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Luo, Cheng Li, Xiaolu Wang, Xiaoli Yu and Jun Jiang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:77

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Neuroendocrine tumors represent an expansive group of neoplasms that share an etiology of epithelial origin with neuroendocrine differentiation. Poorly-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas behave similarly...

    Authors: Julie R. Bloom, Arlen Brickman, Fan J. Yang, Ji-Weon Park and Jonathan Cheponis

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:76

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Complex brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) in ≥3 Spetzler-Martin grades have long been challenges among cerebrovascular diseases. None of the traditional methods, such as microsurgical operation, endova...

    Authors: Mingze Wang, Yuming Jiao, Yong Cao, Shuo Wang and Jizong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:75

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous isolated posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) dissection has been reported more frequently since high-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (HR vw-MRI) was introduced to the fiel...

    Authors: Yong Soo Cho, Pahn Kyu Choi, Hyun Ju Seon, Dong Hun Kim, Byoung-Soo Shin and Hyun Goo Kang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:74

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have suggested that migraineurs suffer from neurocognitive abnormalities, but this phenomenon and exact mechanisms remain controversial. In this study, we aimed to reevaluate visual spatial att...

    Authors: Yunliang Guo, Qiang Tian, Song Xu, Mimi Han, Yue Sun, Yan Hong, Xunyao Hou and Xueping Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:73

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Riluzole is the only approved oral drug for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We performed a retrospective study including ALS patients treated with riluzole, focusing on adverse events.

    Authors: Aya Inoue-Shibui, Masaaki Kato, Naoki Suzuki, Junpei Kobayashi, Yoshiki Takai, Rumiko Izumi, Yuuko Kawauchi, Hiroshi Kuroda, Hitoshi Warita and Masashi Aoki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:72

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Parkinson’s disease is a complex neurological disorder characterized by a variety of motor- as well as non-motor symptoms. Video-based technology (using continuous home monitoring) may bridge the gap between t...

    Authors: N. M. de Vries, K. Smilowska, J. Hummelink, B. Abramiuc, M. M. van Gilst, B. R. Bloem, P. H. N. de With and S. Overeem

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:71

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Albeit the few resting-state fMRI neuroimaging studies in frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) patients, these studies focused on functional connectivity. The aim of this current study was to examine the effective conn...

    Authors: Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Cheng Luo, Rui Peng, Hui He, Jianfu Li, Li Dong and Dezhong Yao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:70

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a form of repetitive transcranial stimulation that has been used to enhance upper limb (UL) motor recovery. However, only limited studies have examined its effica...

    Authors: Yu-Jen Chen, Ying-Zu Huang, Chung-Yao Chen, Chia-Ling Chen, Hsieh-Ching Chen, Ching-Yi Wu, Keh-Chung Lin and Tzu-ling Chang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:69

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the utility of the revised coma remission scale (CRS-r), together with other clinical variables, in predicting emergence from disorders of consciousness (DoC) during intensive rehabilitation care.

    Authors: Lucia Francesca Lucca, Danilo Lofaro, Loris Pignolo, Elio Leto, Maria Ursino, Maria Daniela Cortese, Domenico Conforti, Paolo Tonin and Antonio Cerasa

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:68

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is a serious cardiovascular disease and is also the leading cause of long-term disability in developing and developed countries. Because matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with the risk of ma...

    Authors: Ning Gao, Tie Guo, Han Luo, Guolong Tu, Fanglin Niu, Mengdan Yan and Ying Xia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:67

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Gait Initiation (GI) is a functional task that challenges the balance control requiring weight shift and a transition from standing to walking. Individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) walk with low velocity, prolo...

    Authors: Carolina Corsi, Veronica Cimolin, Paolo Capodaglio, Claudia Condoluci and Manuela Galli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:66

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Embolectomy is the standard of care in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO). Aim of this study was to compare two techniques: A Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique (ADAPT) and ...

    Authors: Alex Brehm, Volker Maus, Ioannis Tsogkas, Ruben Colla, Amélie Carolina Hesse, Roland Gerard Gera and Marios-Nikos Psychogios

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:65

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  31. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate whether a shorter time of lying supine without a pillow and fasting for solids and liquids (LSFSL) after a lumbar puncture (LP) is associated with a higher risk of post-lumbar puncture headache (PL...

    Authors: Bing Hu, Tian-ming Chen, Bing Liu, Wei Chi, Yi-qing Miao, Xiao-lu Nie, Xiao-xia Peng and Gang Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:64

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The effect of the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) to creatinine (Cr) ratio (henceforth BUN/Cr) on haemorrhagic transformation (HT) of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) patients is unclear.

    Authors: Linghui Deng, Shi Qiu, Changyi Wang, Haiyang Bian, Lu Wang, Yuxiao Li, Bo Wu and Ming Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:63

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by facial pain that may be sudden, intense, and recurrent. Neurosurgical interventions, such as radiofrequency rhizotomy, can relieve TN pain, but their mechanisms an...

    Authors: Shu-Tian Chen, Jen-Tsung Yang, Hsu-Huei Weng, Hsueh-Lin Wang, Mei-Yu Yeh and Yuan-Hsiung Tsai

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:62

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Aging is often associated with behavioral impairments, but some people age more gracefully than others. Why? One factor that may play a role is individual differences in the distinctiveness of neural represent...

    Authors: Holly Gagnon, Molly Simmonite, Kaitlin Cassady, Jordan Chamberlain, Erin Freiburger, Poortata Lalwani, Shannon Kelley, Bradley Foerster, Denise C. Park, Myria Petrou, Rachael D. Seidler, Stephan F. Taylor, Daniel H. Weissman and Thad A. Polk

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:61

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Primary familial brain calcification is a rare autosomal dominant or recessive neurodegenerative disease, characterized by bilateral brain calcifications in different areas of the brain. It is a clinically het...

    Authors: Stine Westergaard Mathorne, Kristina Sørensen, Christina Fagerberg, Matthias Bode and Jens Michael Hertz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:60

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Scattered extracellular deposits of amyloid within the brain parenchyma can be found in a heterogeneous group of diseases. Its condensed accumulation in the white matter without evidence for systemic amyloidos...

    Authors: Mario Löhr, Almuth F. Kessler, Camelia-Maria Monoranu, Jens Grosche, Thomas Linsenmann, Ralf-Ingo Ernestus and Wolfgang Härtig

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:59

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Area postrema syndrome (APS) is considered to be one of the most specific clinical presentations of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs). In sub-Saharan Africa, NMOSDs and even more so those reveal...

    Authors: Kossivi Apetse, Josué Euberma Diatewa, Jean Joel Dongmo Tajeuna, Yaovi Mawuéna Dansou, Rolph Bakoudissa, Kokouvi Panabalo Waklatsi, Damelan Kombate, Komi Assogba and Agnon A. Koffi Balogou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:58

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the most common cause of injury-related death and disability globally, and a common sequelae is cognitive impairment. Addressing post-TBI cognitive deficits is crucial because t...

    Authors: Joao Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Leonardo Pestillo de Oliveira, Temitope Gafaar, Michael M. Haglund, Mark Mvungi, Blandina Theophil Mmbaga and Catherine A. Staton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:57

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dopaminergic neuronal loss begins years before motor symptoms appear in Parkinson disease (PD). Thus, reliable biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of PD are an essential pre-requisite to develop disea...

    Authors: Dilini Rathnayake, Thashi Chang and Preethi Udagama

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:56

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Serum triiodothyronine (T3) concentration was reported to be associated with the prognosis after acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of age on the prognostic value of thyroi...

    Authors: Lei-Qing Li, Xiao-Yan Xu, Wen-Yu Li, Xing-Yue Hu and Wen Lv

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:54

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In persons with migraine, severity of migraine is an important determinant of several health outcomes (e.g., patient quality of life and health care resource utilization). This study investigated how migraine ...

    Authors: Tolulope T. Sajobi, Farnaz Amoozegar, Meng Wang, Natalie Wiebe, Kirsten M. Fiest, Scott B. Patten and Nathalie Jette

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:53

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Parenchymal neurocysticercosis is a frequent cause of seizures in areas endemic for Taenia solium. At present there is scarce data on the evolution of the levels of circulating metacestodal antigen before, during...

    Authors: Richar Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Arturo Carpio, Erwin Van den Enden and Washington Benítez-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:52

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Carotid rete mirabile (RM) is a meshwork of multiple, freely intercommunicating arterioles that reconstitute the absent or hypoplastic segments of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Carotid RM has been reporte...

    Authors: Hao Chen, Kun Hou, Xin Wang, Kan Xu and Jinlu Yu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:51

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  44. Content type: Research article

    There are currently no standard diagnostic criteria for characterizing advanced Parkinson’s disease (APD) in clinical practice, a critical component in determining ongoing clinical care and therapeutic strateg...

    Authors: Alfonso Fasano, Victor S. C. Fung, Leonardo Lopiano, Bulent Elibol, Irina G. Smolentseva, Klaus Seppi, Annamária Takáts, Koray Onuk, Juan Carlos Parra, Lars Bergmann, Kavita Sail, Yash Jalundhwala and Zvezdan Pirtosek

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:50

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