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  1. The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationship between autonomic changes and pain activation in migraine and tension-type headache induced by stress in a model relevant for everyday off...

    Authors: Rune B Leistad, Trond Sand, Kristian B Nilsen, Rolf H Westgaard and Lars Jacob Stovner
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:23
  2. The Contact Heat Evoked Potential Stimulator (CHEPS) rapidly stimulates cutaneous small nerve fibres, and resulting evoked potentials can be recorded from the scalp. We have studied patients with symptoms of s...

    Authors: Duncan D Atherton, Paul Facer, Katherine M Roberts, V Peter Misra, Boris A Chizh, Chas Bountra and Praveen Anand
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:21
  3. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of extracellular endopeptidases that degrade the extracellular matrix and other extracellular proteins. Studies in experimental animals demonstrate that MMPs play ...

    Authors: Armin Buss, Katrin Pech, Byron A Kakulas, Didier Martin, Jean Schoenen, Johannes Noth and Gary A Brook
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:17
  4. 'MRI negative PET positive temporal lobe epilepsy' represents a substantial minority of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Clinicopathological and qualitative imaging differences from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy ...

    Authors: Ross P Carne, Terence J O'Brien, Christine J Kilpatrick, Lachlan R MacGregor, Lucas Litewka, Rodney J Hicks and Mark J Cook
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:16
  5. Many reports have described that there are fewer differences in AD brain neuropathologic lesions between AD patients and control subjects aged 80 years and older, as compared with the considerable differences ...

    Authors: Enzo Grossi, Massimo P Buscema, David Snowdon and Piero Antuono
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:15
  6. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be valuable for exploring protein markers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The prospect of early detection and treatment, to slow progression, holds hope for aging p...

    Authors: Joung Wook Lee, Hong Namkoong, Hyun Kee Kim, Sanghee Kim, Dong Whi Hwang, Hae Ri Na, Seon-Ah Ha, Jae-Ryong Kim and Jin Woo Kim
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:14
  7. A few studies have investigated a possible relationship between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and occupations with extremely low frequency magnetic field (MF) exposure. The purpose of this study was to further eval...

    Authors: Zoreh Davanipour, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Pey-Jiuan Lee and Eugene Sobel
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:13
  8. Transient receptor potential (TRP) receptors expressed by primary sensory neurons mediate thermosensitivity, and may play a role in sensory pathophysiology. We previously reported that human dorsal root gangli...

    Authors: Paul Facer, Maria A Casula, Graham D Smith, Christopher D Benham, Iain P Chessell, Chas Bountra, Marco Sinisi, Rolfe Birch and Praveen Anand
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:11
  9. Brief screening tests have been developed to measure cognitive performance and dementia, yet they measure limited cognitive domains and often lack construct validity. Neuropsychological assessments, while comp...

    Authors: Valerie C Crooks, Thomas D Parsons and J Galen Buckwalter
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:10
  10. Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) thus recently renamed, refers to a spectrum of heterogeneous conditions. This same heterogeneity of presentation represents the major methodological limit for the corre...

    Authors: Barbara Borroni, Mario Grassi, Chiara Agosti, Barbara Paghera, Antonella Alberici, Monica Di Luca, Daniela Perani and Alessandro Padovani
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:9
  11. Few studies have examined cognitive functioning of HIV positive patients in sub-Saharan Africa. It cannot be assumed that HIV positive patients in Africa exhibit the same declines as patients in high-resource ...

    Authors: Kevin R Robertson, Noeline Nakasujja, Matthew Wong, Seggane Musisi, Elly Katabira, Thomas D Parsons, Allan Ronald and Ned Sacktor
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:8
  12. There is an ongoing discussion about age limits for deep brain stimulation (DBS). Current indications for DBS are tremor-dominant disorders, Parkinson's disease, and dystonia. Electrode implantation for DBS wi...

    Authors: Jan Vesper, Susanne Haak, Christoph Ostertag and Guido Nikkhah
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:7
  13. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS, also called myalgic encephalomyelitis/encephalopathy or ME) is a debilitating condition with no known cause or cure. Improvement may occur with medical care and additional therap...

    Authors: Peter D White, Michael C Sharpe, Trudie Chalder, Julia C DeCesare and Rebecca Walwyn
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:6
  14. As critical mediators of local and systemic inflammatory responses, cytokines are produced in the brain following ischaemic stroke. Some have been detected in the circulation of stroke patients, but their role...

    Authors: Hedley CA Emsley, Craig J Smith, Carole M Gavin, Rachel F Georgiou, Andy Vail, Elisa M Barberan, Karen Illingworth, Sylvia Scarth, Vijitha Wickramasinghe, Margaret E Hoadley, Nancy J Rothwell, Pippa J Tyrrell and Stephen J Hopkins
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:5
  15. Neuroacanthocytosis (NA) denotes a heterogeneous group of diseases that are characterized by nervous system abnormalities in association with acanthocytosis in the patients' blood. The 4.1R protein of the eryt...

    Authors: Antonio Orlacchio, Paolo Calabresi, Adriana Rum, Anna Tarzia, Anna Maria Salvati, Toshitaka Kawarai, Alessandro Stefani, Antonio Pisani, Giorgio Bernardi, Paolo Cianciulli and Patrizia Caprari
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:4
  16. Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM) is an autosomal recessive, adult onset, non-inflammatory neuromuscular disorder with no effective treatment. The causative gene, GNE, codes for UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-...

    Authors: Susan Sparks, Goran Rakocevic, Galen Joe, Irini Manoli, Joseph Shrader, Michael Harris-Love, Barbara Sonies, Carla Ciccone, Heidi Dorward, Donna Krasnewich, Marjan Huizing, Marinos C Dalakas and William A Gahl
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:3
  17. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are rare tumor entities that originate from peripheral nerve sheaths and have an unfavorable prognosis. Metastatic spread to the cerebral parenchyma is absolutely rare....

    Authors: Johannes Tilgner, Klaus Müller, Nadir Ghanem, Johannes Lutterbach and Jan Vesper
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:2
  18. Intracranial haemorrhage accounts for 30–60 % of all stroke admissions into a hospital, with hypertension being the main risk factor. Presence of intraventricular haematoma is considered a poor prognostic fact...

    Authors: Yad Ram Yadav, Gaurav Mukerji, Ravikiran Shenoy, Abhijeet Basoor, Gaurav Jain and Adam Nelson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2007 7:1
  19. Evidence for extra-motor involvement in non-demented patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been provided by multiple studies, in particular neuropathological studies have demonstrated neuronal ...

    Authors: Elmar H Pinkhardt, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Albert C Ludolph and Jan Kassubek
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:48
  20. Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, characterized clinically by resting tremor, bradykinesia, postural instability and rigidity. The prevalence of PD is approximate...

    Authors: Hon-Chung Fung, Chiung-Mei Chen, John Hardy, Andrew B Singleton and Yih-Ru Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:47
  21. A minority of stroke patients is eligible for thrombolytic therapy. Small pilot case series have hinted that elevation of incident arterial blood pressure might be associated with a favorable prognosis either ...

    Authors: Tanya Bogoslovsky, Olli Häppölä, Oili Salonen and Perttu J Lindsberg
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:46
  22. Vestibular neuritis (VN) is commonly diagnosed by demonstration of unilateral vestibular failure, as unilateral loss of caloric response. As this test reflects the function of the superior part of the vestibul...

    Authors: Per Monstad, Siri Økstad and Åse Mygland
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:45
  23. A new locus for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – frontotemporal dementia (ALS-FTD) has recently been ascribed to chromosome 9p.

    Authors: Parastoo Momeni, Jennifer Schymick, Shushant Jain, Mark R Cookson, Nigel J Cairns, Elisa Greggio, Matthew J Greenway, Stephen Berger, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Adriano Chiò, Hon Chung Fung, David M Holtzman, Edward D Huey, Eric M Wassermann, Jennifer Adamson, Michael L Hutton…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:44
  24. One of the perceptual abnormalities observed in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a deficit in the suppression of reflexive saccades that are automatically triggered by the onset of a peripheral target. Impairment o...

    Authors: Jan Berend Deijen, Diederick Stoffers, Henk W Berendse, Erik Ch Wolters and Jan Theeuwes
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:43
  25. Valproic acid (VPA) is often used to control pain in HIV-related neuropathy. However, the effect of VPA on cognitive functions in advanced HIV-infected individuals is largely unknown. A recent study would sugg...

    Authors: Lucette A Cysique, Paul Maruff and Bruce J Brew
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:42
  26. The etiology and pathophysiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) remain inchoate. Attempts to elucidate the pathophysiology must consider sleep physiology, as unrefreshing sleep is the most commonly reported...

    Authors: William C Reeves, Christine Heim, Elizabeth M Maloney, Laura Solomon Youngblood, Elizabeth R Unger, Michael J Decker, James F Jones and David B Rye
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:41
  27. The study aims to assess the therapeutic benefits of motor imagery training in stroke patients with persistent motor weakness. There is evidence to suggest that mental rehearsal of movement can produce effects...

    Authors: Magdalena Ietswaart, Marie Johnston, H Chris Dijkerman, Clare L Scott, Sara A Joice, Steven Hamilton and Ronald S MacWalter
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:39
  28. Previous studies have demonstrated poor knowledge of stroke among patients with established risk factors. This study aims to assess the baseline knowledge, among patients with increased risk for stroke in Oman...

    Authors: Mohammed A Al Shafaee, Shyam S Ganguly and Abdullah R Al Asmi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:38
  29. Inflammation and inflammatory biomarkers play an important role in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Little information is available, however, on time course of serum markers of inflammation after st...

    Authors: Mitchell SV Elkind, Kristen Coates, Wanling Tai, Myunghee C Paik, Bernadette Boden-Albala and Ralph L Sacco
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:37
  30. This study sought to describe stroke prevalence in Spanish elderly populations and compare it against that of other European countries.

    Authors: Raquel Boix, José Luis del Barrio, Pedro Saz, Ramón Reñé, José María Manubens, Antonio Lobo, Jordi Gascón, Ana de Arce, Jaime Díaz-Guzmán, Alberto Bergareche, Félix Bermejo-Pareja and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:36
  31. Brain derived proteins such as 14-3-3, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S 100b, tau, phosphorylated tau and Aβ1–42 were found to be altered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) patien...

    Authors: Constanze Boesenberg-Grosse, Walter J Schulz-Schaeffer, Monika Bodemer, Barbara Ciesielczyk, Bettina Meissner, Anna Krasnianski, Mario Bartl, Uta Heinemann, Daniela Varges, Sabina Eigenbrod, Hans A Kretzschmar, Alison Green and Inga Zerr
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:35
  32. Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is difficult. Rapid confirmatory diagnosis is essential to initiate required therapy. There are very few published reports about the diagnostic significance of 65 kD h...

    Authors: Anju V Mudaliar, Rajpal S Kashyap, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori and Hatim F Daginawala
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:34
  33. Extrapontine myelinolysis presenting with extra pyramidal features suggestive of parkinsonism may be a challenging clinical syndrome. Clinicians should maintain their vigilance while correcting electrolyte imb...

    Authors: J Sajith, A Ditchfield and HA Katifi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:33
  34. Many cases of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are familial, often with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Some are due to a mutation in the tau- encoding gene, on chromosome 17, and show an accumulati...

    Authors: Ian R Mackenzie, Stefanie L Butland, Rebecca S Devon, Emily Dwosh, Howard Feldman, Caroline Lindholm, Scott J Neal, BF Francis Ouellette and Blair R Leavitt
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:32
  35. It has been recently demonstrated that in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) memory deficits at presentation are commoner than previously thought. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype, the major genetic risk...

    Authors: Barbara Borroni, Daniela Perani, Silvana Archetti, Chiara Agosti, Barbara Paghera, Giuseppe Bellelli, Monica Di Luca and Alessandro Padovani
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:31
  36. Effective control of (upright) body posture requires a proper representation of body orientation. Stroke patients with pusher syndrome were shown to suffer from severely disturbed perception of own body orient...

    Authors: Leif Johannsen, Doris Broetz and Hans-Otto Karnath
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:30
  37. Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases can be made using established cohort studies but these estimates may have lower reliability if based purely on self-reported diagnosis.

    Authors: Thomas Foltynie, Fiona E Matthews, Lianna Ishihara and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:29
  38. The relationship between functional recovery after brain injury and concomitant neuroplastic changes is emphasized in recent research. In the present study we aimed to delineate brain regions essential for lan...

    Authors: Marcus Meinzer, Tobias Flaisch, Jonas Obleser, Ramin Assadollahi, Daniela Djundja, Gabriela Barthel and Brigitte Rockstroh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:28
  39. Fatigue is a common complaint in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often interferes with daily functioning. Both clinicians and researchers may need to detect high levels of fatigue impact using a time and effort ef...

    Authors: Daphne Kos, Guy Nagels, Marie B D'Hooghe, Marijke Duportail and Eric Kerckhofs
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:27
  40. Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common chronic neurological disorder of the elderly. Despite the fact that a comprehensive review of general health care in the United States showed that the quality of...

    Authors: Kari Swarztrauber, Eric Graf and Eric Cheng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:26
  41. The 14-3-3 test appears to be a valuable aid for the clinical diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) in selected populations. However, its usefulness in routine practice has been challenged. In...

    Authors: Natividad Cuadrado-Corrales, Adolfo Jiménez-Huete, Carmen Albo, Rafael Hortigüela, Luz Vega, Laura Cerrato, Maríajosé Sierra-Moros, Alberto Rábano, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta and Miguel Calero
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:25
  42. Pathological brain iron deposition has been implicated as a source of neurotoxic reactive oxygen species in Alzheimer (AD) and Parkinson diseases (PD). Iron metabolism is associated with the gene hemochromatos...

    Authors: Rita J Guerreiro, Jose M Bras, Isabel Santana, Cristina Januario, Beatriz Santiago, Ana S Morgadinho, Maria H Ribeiro, John Hardy, Andrew Singleton and Catarina Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:24
  43. It is a well-known phenomenon that some patients with acute left or right hemisphere stroke show a deviation of the eyes (Prévost's sign) and head to one side. Here we investigated whether both right- and left...

    Authors: M Fruhmann Berger, RD Proß, UJ Ilg and H-O Karnath
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:23

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2006 6:49

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