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  1. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system is an idiopathic disorder characterized by vasculitis within the dural confines. The clinical presentation shows a wide variation and the course and the duration ...

    Authors: Carsten Lukas, Kathy Keyvani and Christian Börnke
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:16
  2. Parkinsonian symptoms have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several studies have reported on the prevalence of signs and symptoms. Symptoms questionnaires can identify potential PD cases...

    Authors: Lianna S Ishihara, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert Luben, Sheila Bingham, Ailsa Welch, Nicholas Day and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:15
  3. There is only limited data on improvements of critical medical care is resulting in a better outcome of comatose survivors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with generalized myoclonus. There is also a pau...

    Authors: Frank Thömke, Jürgen J Marx, Oliver Sauer, Thomas Hundsberger, Stefan Hägele, Jascha Wiechelt and Sacha L Weilemann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:14
  4. Among the main clinical applications of the H-reflex are the evaluation of the S1 nerve root conductivity such as radiculopathy and measurement of the excitability of the spinal motoneurons in neurological con...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Alavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf, Shahram Sadeghi and Mohammadreza Emad
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:13
  5. Post dural punction headache (PDPH) occurs in 10% to 40% of the patients who had a lumbar puncture. Its symptoms can be severe and incapacitating. The epidural blood patch is widely accepted as the treatment o...

    Authors: R Oedit, F van Kooten, SLM Bakker and DWJ Dippel
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:12
  6. Fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20) is a neurotrophic factor preferentially expressed in the substantia nigra of rat brain and could be involved in dopaminergic neurons survival. Recently, a strong genetic ass...

    Authors: Jordi Clarimon, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Johanna Eerola, Vanesa Gourbali, Olli Hellström, Euthimios Dardiotis, Terhi Peuralinna, Alexandros Papadimitriou, George M Hadjigeorgiou, Pentti J Tienari and Andrew B Singleton
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:11
  7. Recent trials suggest that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are effective in prevention of ischemic stroke, as measured by reduced stroke incidence. We aimed to compare stroke severity between s...

    Authors: Magdy Selim, Sean Savitz, Italo Linfante, Louis Caplan and Gottfried Schlaug
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:10
  8. To compare the characteristics and prognostic features of ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes and without diabetes, and to determine the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality in people with dia...

    Authors: Adrià Arboix, Antoni Rivas, Luis García-Eroles, Lourdes de Marcos, Joan Massons and Montserrat Oliveres
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:9
  9. Many types of research on dementia and cognitive impairment require large sample sizes. Detailed in-person assessment using batteries of neuropyschologic testing is expensive. This study evaluates whether a br...

    Authors: Valerie C Crooks, Linda Clark, Diana B Petitti, Helena Chui and Vicki Chiu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:8
  10. Multiple types of mononucleate cells reside among the multinucleate myofibers in skeletal muscles and these mononucleate cells function in muscle maintenance and repair. How neuromuscular disease might affect ...

    Authors: Mahasweta Girgenrath, Christine A Kostek and Jeffrey Boone Miller
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:7
  11. Cluster headache (CH) is a neurovascular, primary headache disorder. There are, however, several case reports about patients whose CH started shortly after a structural brain disease or trauma. Motivated by a ...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Oanh Vo, Heinrich Gerding, Ingo W Husstedt and Stefan Evers
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:6
  12. parkin mutations are a common cause of parkinsonism. Possessing two parkin mutations leads to early-onset parkinsonism, while having one mutation may predispose to late-onset disease. This dosage pattern suggest...

    Authors: Parvoneh Poorkaj, Lina Moses, Jennifer S Montimurro, John G Nutt, Gerard D Schellenberg and Haydeh Payami
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:4
  13. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a well-accepted exercise program intended to remedy balance impairment caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system. Alternative therapies, such as Tai Chi (TC), have ...

    Authors: Chris A McGibbon, David E Krebs, Stephen W Parker, Donna M Scarborough, Peter M Wayne and Steven L Wolf
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:3
  14. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction is present in up to one third of patients with tetanus. The prognostic value of ANS dysfunction is known in severe tetanus but its value is not well established in mi...

    Authors: Mohammad Wasay, Bhojo A Khealani, Naasha Talati, Rohmah Shamsi, Nadir A Syed and Naseem Salahuddin
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:2
  15. The brain-derived protein S100B has been shown to be a useful marker of brain injury of different etiologies. Cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass has been reported to occur...

    Authors: Henrik Jönsson, Per Johnsson, Martin Bäckström, Christer Alling, Cecilia Dautovic-Bergh and Sten Blomquist
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:24
  16. The genes encoding proteins in the thrombomodulin-protein C pathway are promising candidate genes for stroke susceptibility because of their importance in thrombosis regulation and inflammatory response. Sever...

    Authors: John W Cole, Stacy C Roberts, Margaret Gallagher, Wayne H Giles, Braxton D Mitchell, Karen K Steinberg, Marcella A Wozniak, Richard F Macko, Laurie J Reinhart and Steven J Kittner
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:21
  17. Cerebral palsy (CP) is an heterogeneous group of neurological disorders of movement and/or posture, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1000 live births. Non-progressive forms of symmetrical, spastic CP have b...

    Authors: Clare N Lynex, Ian M Carr, Jack P Leek, Rajgopal Achuthan, Simon Mitchell, Eamonn R Maher, C Geoffrey Woods, David T Bonthon and Alex F Markham
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:20
  18. There are controversial results on the efficacy of the abandoned, intrathecal predominant methylprednisolone application in multiple sclerosis (MS) in contrast to the proven effectiveness in intractable posthe...

    Authors: Kerstin Hellwig, Franz Josef Stein, Horst Przuntek and Thomas Müller
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:18
  19. Chronic headaches from head trauma and whiplash injury are well-known and common, but chronic headaches from other sorts of physical traumas are not recognized.

    Authors: David C Haas
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:17
  20. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a major global health problem, and it is sometimes difficult to perform a differential diagnosis of this disease from other diseases, particularly partially-treated pyogenic men...

    Authors: Rajpal S Kashyap, Rani P Kainthla, Ravindra M Satpute, Neha P Agarwal, Nitin H Chandak, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori and Hatim F Daginawala
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:16
  21. Chronic inflammation appears to play a role in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Given the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and stroke, the possibility exists that previous exposure to C. pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Soo Chan Carusone, Marek Smieja, William Molloy, Charlie H Goldsmith, Jim Mahony, Max Chernesky, Judy Gnarpe, Tim Standish, Stephanie Smith and Mark Loeb
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:15
  22. Fatigue is a crucial sensation that triggers rest, yet its underlying neuronal mechanisms remain unclear. Intense long-term fatigue is a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome, which is used as a model to study t...

    Authors: Tomohisa Okada, Masaaki Tanaka, Hirohiko Kuratsune, Yasuyoshi Watanabe and Norihiro Sadato
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:14
  23. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type one (CRPS I) or formerly Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) is a disabling syndrome, in which a painful limb is accompanied by varying symptoms. Neuropathic pain is a promin...

    Authors: Anton C van de Vusse, Suzanne GM Stomp-van den Berg, Alfons HF Kessels and Wim EJ Weber
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:13
  24. Myasthenic crisis is the most serious life-threatening event in generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term impact of thymectomy on rate and severity of...

    Authors: Ali Soleimani, Alireza Moayyeri, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Hamidreza Tavakoli Shalmani and Akbar Soltanzadeh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:12
  25. central loop of the gastrocnemius-soleus H-reflex latency (Tc) that looks promising in the diagnosis of S1 radiculopathy; has been investigated in a few studies and only two of them have focused on the constituti...

    Authors: Shahram Sadeghi, Mohammadrezaalavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf and Peyman Jafari
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:11
  26. Rizatriptan is an effective and fast acting drug for the acute treatment of migraine. Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) have also demonstrated efficacy in treating migraine attacks. There is ev...

    Authors: Abouch Valenty Krymchantowski and Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:10
  27. What currently appears to be irreversible axonal loss in normal appearing white matter, measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy is of great interest in the study of Multiple Sclerosis. Our aim is to...

    Authors: Juan Luis Ruiz-Peña, Pilar Piñero, Guillermo Sellers, Joaquín Argente, Alfredo Casado, Jesus Foronda, Antonio Uclés and Guillermo Izquierdo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:8
  28. Minocycline, a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic, is an effective neuroprotective agent in animal models of cerebral ischemia when given in high doses intraperitoneally. The aim of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Lin Xu, Susan C Fagan, Jennifer L Waller, David Edwards, Cesar V Borlongan, Jianqing Zheng, William D Hill, Giora Feuerstein and David C Hess
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:7
  29. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling condition that affects approximately 800,000 adult Americans. The pathophysiology remains unknown and there are no diagnostic markers or characteristic physical si...

    Authors: Elizabeth R Unger, Rosane Nisenbaum, Harvey Moldofsky, Angela Cesta, Christopher Sammut, Michele Reyes and William C Reeves
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:6
  30. Authors: Craig J Smith, Hedley CA Emsley, Carole M Gavin, Rachel F Georgiou, Andy Vail, Elisa M Barberan, Gregory J del Zoppo, John M Hallenbeck, Nancy J Rothwell, Stephen J Hopkins and Pippa J Tyrrell
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:5

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2004 4:2

  31. Cerebral ischaemia initiates an inflammatory response in the brain and periphery. We assessed the relationship between peak values of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the first week after ischaemic stroke, with ...

    Authors: Craig J Smith, Hedley CA Emsley, Carole M Gavin, Rachel F Georgiou, Andy Vail, Elisa M Barberan, Gregory J del Zoppo, John M Hallenbeck, Nancy J Rothwell, Stephen J Hopkins and Pippa J Tyrrell
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:2

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2004 4:5

  32. Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease. Most cases are sporadic, however familial cases do exist. We examined 12 families with familial Parkinson's d...

    Authors: Karin Wirdefeldt, Catherine E Burgess, Lisa Westerberg, Haydeh Payami and Martin Schalling
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:6
  33. Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) present as either sporadic or autosomal dominant conditions with incomplete penetrance of symptoms. Differences in genetic and environmental factors might be minimized am...

    Authors: Miguel Lucas, Alzenire F Costa, José M García-Moreno, Francisca Solano, Miguel A Gamero and Guillermo Izquierdo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:5
  34. The molecular basis for the genetic risk of ischemic stroke is likely to be multigenic and influenced by environmental factors. Several small case-control studies have suggested associations between ischemic s...

    Authors: James F Meschia, Thomas G Brott, Robert D Brown Jr, Richard JP Crook, Michael Frankel, John Hardy, José G Merino, Stephen S Rich, Scott Silliman and Bradford Burke Worrall
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:4
  35. Chondrodystrophic myotonia or Schwartz-Jampel syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by myotonia and skeletal dysplasia. It may be progressive in nature. Recently, the gene responsible for Schwartz-...

    Authors: Nicola C Ho, Stacey Sandusky, Victor Madike, Clair A Francomano and Marinos C Dalakas
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:3
  36. Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) most commonly presents with ipsilateral disturbances of acoustic, vestibular, trigeminal and facial nerves. Presentation of vestibular schwannoma with contralateral fac...

    Authors: Behzad Eftekhar, Mohammadreza Gheini, Mohammad Ghodsi and Ebrahim Ketabchi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:2
  37. We have recently reported successful treatment of patients with chronic pain syndromes using human pooled intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in a prospective, open-label cohort study. A randomised, placebo cont...

    Authors: Andreas Goebel, Andrew Moore, Rosamund Weatherall, Norbert Roewer, Robert Schedel and Guenter Sprotte
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:1
  38. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was recently described as a heterogeneous group with a variety of clinical outcomes and high risk to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as mea...

    Authors: Chaorui Huang, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Leif Svensson, Bengt Winblad and Per Julin
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:9
  39. The Apo-1/Fas (CD95) molecule is an apoptosis-signaling cell surface receptor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. Both Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) are expressed in activated mature T ce...

    Authors: Masaaki Niino, Seiji Kikuchi, Toshiyuki Fukazawa, Ryuji Miyagishi, Ichiro Yabe and Kunio Tashiro
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:8

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