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  1. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) represents the most common inflammatory neurological disease causing disability in early adulthood. Childhood and adolescence factors might be of relevance in the development of MS. We ...

    Authors: Anja Holz, Nadia Obi, Wolfgang Ahrens, Klaus Berger, Barbara Bohn, Hermann Brenner, Beate Fischer, Julia Fricke, Amand Führer, Sylvia Gastell, Karin Halina Greiser, Volker Harth, Jana-Kristin Heise, Bernd Holleczek, Thomas Keil, Carolina J. Klett-Tammen…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:123
  2. Atrial fibrillation (AF) screening after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) is given high priority in clinical guidelines. However, patient selection, electrocardiogram (ECG) modality and scree...

    Authors: Kajsa Strååt, Eva Isaksson, Ann Charlotte Laska, Elisabeth Rooth, Emma Svennberg, Signild Åsberg, Per Wester and Johan Engdahl
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:120
  3. Ischemic stroke in young adults can be caused by a variety of etiologies including the monogenic disorders. Visceral heterotaxy is a condition caused by abnormal left–right determinations during embryonic deve...

    Authors: Kei Kaburagi, Yuta Hagiwara, Keiji Tachikawa, Noriko Miyake, Hisanao Akiyama, Yosuke Kawai, Yosuke Omae, Katsushi Tokunaga, Yoshihisa Yamano, Takahiro Shimizu and Satomi Mitsuhashi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:119
  4. Syncope is a common condition that increases the risk of injury and reduces the quality of life. Abdominal pain as a precursor to vasovagal syncope (VVS) in adults is rarely reported and is often misdiagnosed.​.

    Authors: Jingyi Wang, Hua Li, Xuming Huang, Huoyou Hu, Baorong Lian, Daxue Zhang, Jiarui Wu and Liming Cao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:118
  5. The authors sought to examine the impact of the K-variant of butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE-K) carrier status on age-at-diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) in APOE4 carriers.

    Authors: Roger M. Lane, Taher Darreh-Shori, Candice Junge, Dan Li, Qingqing Yang, Amanda L. Edwards, Danielle L. Graham, Katrina Moore and Catherine J. Mummery
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:116
  6. Parkinson’s disease (PD) drastically affects motor and cognitive function, but evidence shows that motor-cognitive training improves disease symptoms. Motor-cognitive training in the home is scarcely investiga...

    Authors: Jenny Sedhed, Hanna Johansson, Nina Andersson, Elisabet Åkesson, Elke Kalbe, Erika Franzén and Breiffni Leavy
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:114
  7. Fabry disease is a multisystemic disorder characterized by deposition of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and its deacylated form in multiple organs, sometimes localized in specific systems such as the nervous or c...

    Authors: Alessandro Furia, Raffaello Ditaranto, Elena Biagini, Vanda Parisi, Alex Incensi, Sara Parisini, Rocco Liguori and Vincenzo Donadio
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:113
  8. Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the S. anginosus group and is part of the normal oral microbiota. It can cause pyogenic infections in various organs, primarily in the head and neck area, including brain ...

    Authors: Satu Allonen, Janne Aittoniemi, Matti Vuorialho, Lassi Närhi, Kari Panula, Risto Vuento and Jari Honkaniemi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:112
  9. Rapamycin is an inhibitor of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein kinase, and preclinical data demonstrate that it is a promising candidate for a general gero- and neuroprotective treatment in hu...

    Authors: Jonas E. Svensson, Martin Bolin, Daniel Thor, Pete A. Williams, Rune Brautaset, Marcus Carlsson, Peder Sörensson, David Marlevi, Rubens Spin-Neto, Monika Probst, Göran Hagman, Anton Forsberg Morén, Miia Kivipelto and Pontus Plavén-Sigray
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:111
  10. Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is common. However, the underlying pathophysiology remains largely unknown. Understanding the role of microvascular changes and finding markers that can predict PSCI, co...

    Authors: Sigrid Breinholt Vestergaard, Andreas Gammelgaard Damsbo, Niels Lech Pedersen, Katrine Zachariassen, Kim Ryun Drasbek, Leif Østergaard, Grethe Andersen, Rikke Beese Dalby and Janne Kærgård Mortensen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:110
  11. Guillain Barre syndrome (GBS) following Varicella zoster is a rare presentation and has only been reported in a few cases around the world. Of the reported cases, the type of GBS is not specified in the majori...

    Authors: Leonard Wanninayake, Dilani Rajapaksha, Narmada Nair, Kamal Gunarathne and Udaya Ranawaka
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:109
  12. Effective interventions for Multiple Sclerosis require timely treatment optimization which usually involves switching disease modifying therapies. The patterns of prescription and the reasons for changing tre...

    Authors: Simón Cárdenas-Robledo, Laura Estefanía Arenas-Vargas, Rubén Darío Arenas, Jorge Mario Gaspar-Toro, Ángela María Muñoz-Rosero, Aranza Helena Tafur-Borrero, Daniel Stiven Marín-Medina, Hernan Andrés Acosta-Fajardo, Claudia Guío-Sánchez and Lorena López-Reyes
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:108
  13. A ketogenic diet (KD) may benefit people with neurodegenerative disorders marked by mitochondrial depolarization/insufficiency, including Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Authors: Alexander H. Choi, Melanie Delgado, Kong Y. Chen, Stephanie T. Chung, Amber Courville, Sara A. Turner, Shanna Yang, Kayla Airaghi, Irene Dustin, Patrick McGurrin, Tianxia Wu, Mark Hallett and Debra J. Ehrlich
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:106
  14. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a leading cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Accumulating evidence indicates early diagnosis and early treatment improves long-term outcomes. However, the MS diagnost...

    Authors: Ashvin Kuri, David E. Henshall, Daoud Chaudhry, Setthasorn Zhi Yang Ooi, Qiqi Zhang, Joela Mathews, Alison Thomson, David Rog, Jeremy Hobart and Ruth Dobson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:105
  15. No uniform consensus has been achieved regarding the ambulation protocol after transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFA). Until now, in most hospitals patients are prescribed 8-12 h strict immobilization along w...

    Authors: Hao Liang, Richun Ye, Nana Song, Canhui Zhu, Miaolong Xu, Qiaoyu Ye, Lin Wei and Jiehan Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:104
  16. MGMT (O 6 -methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) promoter methylation is a commonly assessed prognostic marker in glioblastoma (GBM). Epigenetic silencing of the MGMT gene by promoter methylation is associated wit...

    Authors: David Gibson, Anh Huan Vo, Hannah Lambing, Prithanjan Bhattacharya, Peggy Tahir, Farid F. Chehab and Nicholas Butowski
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:103
  17. Facial paralysis due to parotid sialolithiasis-induced parotitis is a unusual clinical phenomenon that has not been reported in prior literature. This scenario can present a diagnostic challenge due to its rar...

    Authors: Abhinav Suri, Stephen Avila, Christina Tan, Huda Alalami and Jennifer Harris
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:102
  18. Preclinical and clinical studies have indicated that combining photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy with other therapeutic approaches may influence the treatment process in a variety of disorders. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Narmin Farazi, Hanieh Salehi-Pourmehr, Fereshteh Farajdokht, Javad Mahmoudi and Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:101

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2024 24:117

  19. Internalized stigma can have profound effects on how individuals with migraines and other primary headache disorders see themselves and their quality of life. We aimed to investigate internalized stigma in pat...

    Authors: Firdevs Ezgi Uçan Tokuç, Eylem Özaydın Göksu and Şennur Delibaş Katı
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:100
  20. Acute stroke treatment with intracranial thrombectomy and treatment of ipsilateral carotid artery stenosis/occlusion (“tandem lesion”, TL) in one session is considered safe. However, the risk of stent restenos...

    Authors: Ali Khanafer, Hans Henkes, Philipp Bücke, Florian Hennersdorf, Hansjörg Bäzner, Michael Forsting and Philipp von Gottberg
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:99
  21. Complex interactions between the immune system and the brain may affect neural development, survival, and function, with etiological and therapeutic implications for neurodegenerative diseases. However, previo...

    Authors: Min Shen, Linlin Zhang, Chen Chen, Xiaocen Wei, Yuning Ma and Yuxia Ma
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:98
  22. To investigate the factors associated with brain frailty and the effect of brain frailty in patients with anterior circulation large artery occlusion (AC-LAO).

    Authors: Jing Tian, Kun Zhang, Junzhao Cui, Jin Qin, Binbin Wang, Lixia Zhou, Tong Li, Kailin Bu, Zhongzhong Li, Lin Liu, Qisong Wang, Si Yuan, Lina Ma, Ye Wang, Rui Wang, Chaoyue Meng…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:97
  23. The Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophies (LGMDs) are characterized by progressive weakness of the shoulder and hip girdle muscles as a result of over 30 different genetic mutations. This study is designed to devel...

    Authors: Amy Doody, Lindsay Alfano, Jordi Diaz-Manera, Linda Lowes, Tahseen Mozaffar, Katherine D. Mathews, Conrad C. Weihl, Matthew Wicklund, Man Hung, Jeffrey Statland and Nicholas E. Johnson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:96
  24. Overactive bladder (OAB) and dyskinesia are frequent complications in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the correlation between OAB and dyskinesia has been insufficiently explored. The purpose o...

    Authors: Hong Jin, Yiheng Du, Jiahui Yan, Jinru Zhang, Xiaoyu Cheng, Chengjie Mao, Jing Chen and Chun-feng Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:94
  25. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary neuromuscular disease caused by survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene deletion or mutation. Homozygous deletions of exon 7 in SMN1 result in 95...

    Authors: Mei Yao, Liya Jiang, Yicheng Yu, Yiqin Cui, Yuwei Chen, Dongming Zhou, Feng Gao and Shanshan Mao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:93
  26. Human prion diseases (HPDs) are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by abnormal prion proteins (PrPSc). However, the detection of prion seeding activity in patients with high sensitivity remains ch...

    Authors: Toshiaki Nonaka, Yasushi Iwasaki, Hiroyuki Horiuchi and Katsuya Satoh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:92
  27. At present, stroke has become the first cause of death and disability among Chinese adults. With the coming of the aging population in China, the disease burden brought by stroke will be increasingly aggravate...

    Authors: Xufang Wei, Shengtong Sun, Manyu Zhang and Zhenqiang Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:91
  28. The risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) associated with high estrogen states, including pregnant patients and those using oral contraceptives, has been well documented. We described the histological compositio...

    Authors: Tamanna Agarwal, Oana Madalina Mereuta, Sherief Ghozy, Jorge L Arturo Larco, Cem Bilgin, Ram Kadirvel, Waleed Brinjikji and David F Kallmes
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:90
  29. Neuropsychiatric symptoms and delusions are highly prevalent among people with dementia. However, multiple roots of neurobiological bases and shared neural basis of delusion and cognitive function remain to be...

    Authors: Seyul Kwak, Hairin Kim, Keun You Kim, Da Young Oh, Dasom Lee, Gieun Nam and Jun-Young Lee
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:89
  30. Hypertriglyceridemia (HT) may increase the risk of stroke. Limited studies have shown that stroke severity and infarction size are smaller in patients with HT. We explored the relationship between triglyceride...

    Authors: Naveed Akhtar, Rajvir Singh, Saadat Kamran, Sujatha Joseph, Deborah Morgan, Ryan Ty Uy, Sarah Treit and Ashfaq Shuaib
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:88
  31. RARS2-related mitochondrial disorder is an autosomal recessive mitochondrial encephalopathy caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the gene encoding the mitochondrial arginyl-transfer RNA synthetase 2 (RARS2,...

    Authors: Ameya S. Walimbe, Keren Machol, Stephen F. Kralik, Elizabeth A. Mizerik, Yoel Gofin, Mir Reza Bekheirnia, Charul Gijavanekar, Sarah H. Elsea, Lisa T. Emrick and Fernando Scaglia
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:87
  32. The global prevalence of VCI has increased steadily in recent years, but diagnostic biomarkers for VCI in patients with non-disabling ischemic cerebrovascular incidents (NICE) remain indefinite. The primary ob...

    Authors: Binghan Li, Zhengsheng Gu, Weisen Wang, Bingying Du, Chenghao Wu, Bin Li, Tianren Wang, Ge Yin, Xin Gao, Jingjing Chen, Xiaoying Bi, Hailing Zhang and Xu Sun
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:86
  33. In patients experiencing acute ischemic stroke, there is ongoing debate surrounding the connection between chronic hyperglycemic status and their initial clinical outcomes. Our objective was to examine the con...

    Authors: Changchun Cao, Tony Bowei Wang, Haofei Hu, Yong Han, Xiaohua Zhang and Yulong Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:85
  34. The adverse events (AEs) after a Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) Pfizer-Biotech mRNA vaccination present a medical and epidemiological issue of increasing interest. Headache is the most frequent neurologic...

    Authors: Qiao Zhou, Thomas Eggert, Ana Zhelyazkova, Alexander Choukér, Kristina Adorjan and Andreas Straube
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:84
  35. Osmotic demyelinating syndrome, commonly recognized as a consequence of the rapid correction of hyponatremia, has been known to cause motor, neuropsychiatric, or extrapyramidal symptoms. We reported a patient ...

    Authors: Noppachai Siranart, Pannathorn Nakaphan, Vasinee Viarasilpa, Prakit Anukoolwittaya and Pasin Hemachudha
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:83
  36. Population-level administrative data provides a cost-effective means of monitoring health outcomes and service needs of clinical populations. This study aimed to present a method for case identification of non...

    Authors: Rebecca F Slykerman, Betony E Clasby, Jimmy Chong, Kathryn Edward, Barry J Milne, Helen Temperton, Hiran Thabrew and Nicholas Bowden
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:82
  37. Ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) are the most prevalent cerebrovascular diseases. The conventional antiplatelet drugs are associated with an inherent bleeding risk, while indobufen is a new ...

    Authors: Xudong Liu, Xuxian Lv, Yanfang Peng, Jianing Wang, Junjie Lei, Chaogang Tang, Shijian Luo, Weihua Mai, Yiming Cai, Qian Fan, Chenhao Liu and Lei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:81
  38. Postoperative delirium is a frequent and severe complication after cardiac surgery. Activity of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) has been discussed controversially regarding a possible role in its development. Thi...

    Authors: Konstantin Schlake, Johannes Teller, Lukas Hinken, Hans Laser, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Andreas Schäfer, Christine Fegbeutel, Karin Weissenborn, Carolin Jung, Hans Worthmann and Maria Magdalena Gabriel
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:80
  39. Functional decline associated with dementia, including in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), is not uniform across individuals, and respective heterogeneity is not yet fully explained. Such heterogeneity may in part be...

    Authors: Aravind Lathika Rajendrakumar, Konstantin G. Arbeev, Olivia Bagley, Anatoliy I. Yashin and Svetlana Ukraintseva
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:78
  40. CADASIL(Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy)is an inherited small vessel disease caused by mutations in NOTCH3 gene. Although NOTCH3 has numerous hotspots...

    Authors: Weili Liu, Jie Zhang, Jian Li, Shuai Jia, Yanqiang Wang, Jianhong Geng and Yaozhen Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:77
  41. Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, its aetiology remains unclear. We aimed to establish a relationship between ADHD diagnosis and serum levels of ...

    Authors: Tanja Lukovac, Olivera Aleksić Hil, Milka Popović, Tatjana Savić, Aleksandra M. Pavlović and Dragan Pavlović
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2024 24:76

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