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  1. Bacterial meningitis is a central nervous system (CNS) infection disease of the meninges and brain parenchyma caused by the bacteria. Few cases of meningitis related to oral anaerobes have been reported in the...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Zhong, Miaomiao Wang, Qingxia Meng, Xuebin Jiang, Zhendong Guo, Yunzhou Zhang and Daiquan Gao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:344
  2. The postacute care for cerebrovascular disease (PAC-CVD) program was launched in Taiwan nearly a decade ago. However, no clear regulations regarding length of stay (LOS) in the program and extension standards ...

    Authors: Hsiang-Yun Chou, Shang-Chun Ma, Ya-Wen Tsai, Chia-Li Shih and Chieh-Ting Yeh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:343
  3. Paralysis of the facial nerve (CN VII) is one of the most debilitating issues that any patient can encounter. Bell’s palsy is the most commonly seen mononeuropathy. Although usually self-limited, symptomatolog...

    Authors: Paul A. Dreschnack and Ina Belshaku
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:342
  4. Dementia is characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and therefore early intervention could have the best chance of preserving brain health. There are significant differences in health awareness, living ...

    Authors: Xiaochu Wu, Tianyao Zhang, Yanhao Tu, Xueling Deng, A Sigen, Yuxiao Li, Xiaofan Jing, Lixuan Wei, Ning Huang, Ying Cheng, Linghui Deng, Shuli Jia, Jun Li, Ning Jiang and Birong Dong
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:341
  5. This study evaluates the impact of high risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) acute encephalopathy (AE).

    Authors: Gautier Breville, François Herrmann, Dan Adler, Christine Deffert, Giulia Bommarito, Patrick Stancu, Alice Accorroni, Marjolaine Uginet, Frederic Assal, Renaud Tamisier, Patrice H. Lalive, Jean-Louis Pepin, Karl-Olof Lövblad and Gilles Allali
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:340
  6. This trial aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of virtual reality (VR) combined with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for improving musculoskeletal pain and motor development in chil...

    Authors: Xin Li, Zefan Huang, Tijiang Lu, Juping Liang, Haibin Guo, Lixia Wang, Zhengquan Chen, Xuan Zhou and Qing Du
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:339
  7. Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a malformation of cortical development that causes medical refractory seizures, and one of the main treatments may be surgical resection of the affected area of the brain. Peo...

    Authors: Daniel R. Marinowic, Gabriele G. Zanirati, Fernando A. C. Xavier, Fábio Jean Varella, Sofia Prates da Cunha Azevedo, Isadora Machado Ghilardi, Normando G. Pereira-Neto, Marco Antônio Eduardo Koff, Eliseu Paglioli, André Palmini, José Garcia Abreu, Denise C. Machado and Jaderson C. da Costa
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:338
  8. With an increasing burden of stroke, it is essential to minimize the incidence of stroke and improve stroke care by emphasizing areas that bring out the maximum impact. The care situation remains unclear in th...

    Authors: Raju Paudel, Christine Tunkl, Shakti Shrestha, Ram Chandra Subedi, Ayush Adhikari, Lekhjung Thapa, Bikram Prasad Gajurel, Avinash Chandra, Ghanashyam Kharel, Pankaj Jalan, Subash Phuyal, Babu Ram Pokharel, Subi Acharya, Kanchan Bogati, Pinky Jha, Naresh Kharbuja…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:337
  9. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been found to be useful in the prognostication of immune-mediated neurological disorders because it roughly reflects the systemic innate immune response compared to...

    Authors: Je Hong Min, Sung-Yeon Sohn, Seung Yeon Lee, Sang Hyun Seo, Shin Yeop Kim, Bumhee Park, Seung Il Kim and In Soo Joo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:336
  10. Neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD), characterized by isolated intracranial hypertension, is a rarely encountered condition, especially in children. In this study, we describe the treatment of a pediatric patient wit...

    Authors: Yali Wu, Wei Yin, Shufang Liu, Shasha Wang and Yan Ding
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:335
  11. Hashimoto encephalopathy has multiple clinical presentations, and other than the presence of thyroid antibody, laboratory and imaging investigations are all non-specific. Data specific to the clinical presenta...

    Authors: Chaisak Dumrikarnlert, Smathorn Thakolwiboon and Vorapun Senanarong
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:334
  12. The goal of this research was to explore the role of Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Authors: Samaneh Hosseini, Nasim Shafiabadi, Monireh Khanzadeh, Arshin Ghaedi, Raziyeh Ghorbanzadeh, Amir Azarhomayoun, Aida Bazrgar, Jalil Pezeshki, Hanieh Bazrafshan and Shokoufeh Khanzadeh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:333
  13. Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) which is characterized by the three components of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. Some studies reported MFS as an adverse effe...

    Authors: Dorsa Alijanzadeh, Afsaneh Soltani, Fatemeh Afra, Fardis Salmanpour, Amir Hossein Loghman, Noosha Samieefar and Nima Rezaei
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:332
  14. The single-molecule array assay (SIMOA)-based detection of neurofilament light (NFL) chain could be useful in diagnosing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). This meta-analysis aimed t...

    Authors: Hadi Sahrai, Ali Norouzi, Sina Hamzehzadeh, Alireza Majdi, Rana Kahfi-Ghaneh and Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:331
  15. Visual dysfunction have been well reported as one of the non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and structural changes in the retina in patients wi...

    Authors: Rehab Elanwar, Hatem Al Masry, Amna Ibrahim, Mona Hussein, Sahar Ibrahim and Mohammed M. Masoud
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:330
  16. This is a unique case that describes the presentation, investigations, and disease trajectory of a fatal, clonal CD8-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in an otherwise healthy and immunocompetent pat...

    Authors: Lia Mesbah-Oskui, Jarrah Alabkal, Waleed Alduaij and Priya S. Dhawan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:329
  17. Spinal neuraxis leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) relapse in glioblastoma is an uncommon event that is challenging to manage. This study aims to determine the incidence, associated factors, and outcome of LM rela...

    Authors: Eric Wegener, Patrick Horsley, Helen Wheeler, Dasantha Jayamanne, Marina Kastelan, Linxin Guo, Chris Brown and Michael Back
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:328
  18. There is uncertainty about the optimum sleep duration for risk of different subtypes of stroke and ischaemic heart disease.

    Authors: Yiping Chen, Christiana Kartsonaki, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Huaidong Du, Canqing Yu, Ling Yang, Pei Pei, Rebecca Stevens, Sushila Burgess, Yujie Hua, Junshi Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li and Zhengming Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:327
  19. Contrast staining (CS) on dual-energy CT (DECT) is common after endovascular therapy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the prognostic significance of CS detected...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Yi Zeng, Fei Zhu and Xiaoyan Hu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:326
  20. Medicare claims and electronic health record data are both commonly used for research and clinical practice improvement; however, it is not known how concordant diagnoses of neurodegenerative diseases (NDD, co...

    Authors: Jay B. Lusk, Sujung Choi, Amy G. Clark, Kim Johnson, Cassie B. Ford, Melissa A. Greiner, Margarethe Goetz, Brystana G. Kaufman, Richard O’Brien and Emily C. O’Brien
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:325
  21. Stroke survivors have long-term upper limb impairment, which impacts the quality of life (QOL) and social reintegration, but there is lack of effective therapeutic strategies and novel technologies. Customized...

    Authors: Huan-xia Zhou, Jun Hu, Rui-sheng Yun, Zhong-zhi Zhao, Ming-hui Lai, Li-hui-zi Sun and Kai-liang Luo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:324
  22. Exercise has various health benefits for people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, implementing exercise into daily life and long-term adherence remain challenging. To increase a sustainable engagement wi...

    Authors: Sabine Schootemeijer, Nienke M. de Vries, Eric A. Macklin, Kit C.B. Roes, Hilde Joosten, Larsson Omberg, Alberto Ascherio, Michael A. Schwarzschild and Bastiaan R. Bloem
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:323
  23. Authors: Sylvie Willems, Vincent Didone, Carmen Cabello Fernandez, Gael Delrue, Hichem Slama, Patrick Fery, Julien Goin, Clara Della Libera and Fabienne Collette
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:322

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2023 23:307

  24. Silent Information Regulator 2 (SIRT2) protein inhibition has been shown to play a neuroprotective role in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in mice. However, its role in AIS patients has not been fully understood. ...

    Authors: Wenmei Lu, Duanlu Hou, Xin Chen, Ping Zhong, Xueyuan Liu and Danhong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:321
  25. The low-grade inflammation (LGI) score, a novel indicator of chronic LGI, combines C-reactive protein (CRP), leukocyte counts, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and the platelet (PLT) count to predict out...

    Authors: Yang Zhou, Yufan Luo, Huazheng Liang, Ping Zhong and Danhong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:320
  26. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a common cause of dementia. Serum complement factor 5a (C5a) is exceedingly implicated in AD. We explored the role of C5a levels in AD patients of different severity.

    Authors: Zhilian Li, Huifang Wu, Yi Luo and Xianpei Tan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:319
  27. Authors: Jessica Ailani, Peter McAllister, Paul K. Winner, George Chakhava, Mette Krog Josiassen, Annika Lindsten, Bjørn Sperling, Anders Ettrup and Roger Cady
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:318

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2022 22:205

  28. Curcumin has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer effects and is used to treat diseases such as dermatological diseases, infection, stress, depression, and anxiety. J147, an analogue of curcumin, is ...

    Authors: Fang Qiu, Yanmei Wang, Yunbo Du, Changchun Zeng, Yuqiang Liu, Haobo Pan and Changneng Ke
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:317
  29. Menopause is a physiologic phase in women’s lives. Findings regarding multiple sclerosis (MS) course through menopause are diverse. So, we designed this systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the impa...

    Authors: Zahra Shahraki, Mohsen Rastkar, Elnaz Rastkar, Mehdi Mohammadifar, Aida Mohamadi and Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:316
  30. Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders of natural killer cells (CLPD-NK) is a rare lymphoproliferative disease. Peripheral neuropathy is an unusual symptom of CLPD-NK. We report a case of peripheral neuropathy ...

    Authors: Hong An, Jiaxiang Guo, Hongliang Guo, Wenli Hu and Ming Lu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:314
  31. Cardiovascular diseases have been considered the primary cause of disability and death worldwide. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is an important indicator of the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. This study...

    Authors: Hui Jin, Xue Qin, Fanfan Zhao, Yuting Yan, Yu Meng, Zhenyu Shu and Xiangyang Gong
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:313
  32. The standard of diagnosing primary lateral sclerosis, the Pringle criteria, requires three years of purely upper motor neuron symptom presentation before confirming diagnosis. This classic standard has been qu...

    Authors: Abhaya Moturu and Wade Welch
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:312
  33. Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) is the most common phenotype of multiple sclerosis (MS), and its active stage is characterized by active T2 lesions with or without gadolinium (Gd) enhancement on ...

    Authors: Takahiko Saida, Qi Hao, Michihiro Kanda and Yumiko Tani
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:311
  34. Aortic stenosis is the most common valvulopathy in Western countries. The treatment of choice had been surgery aortic valve replacement (SAVR), but the improvement in endovascular approaches as transcatheter ...

    Authors: Meritxell Gomis, Claudio Fernández, Rosalia Dacosta-Aguayo, Xavi Carrillo, Silvia Martínez, Christian Muñoz Guijosa, Elisabet Berastegui, Antonio García Valentín, Josep Puig, Eva Bernal, Anna Ramos and Cynthia Cáceres
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:310
  35. This systematic review synthesizes the most recent neuroimaging procedures and machine learning approaches for the prediction of conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer’s disease dementia.

    Authors: Maryam Ahmadzadeh, Gregory J. Christie, Theodore D. Cosco, Ali Arab, Mehrdad Mansouri, Kevin R. Wagner, Steve DiPaola and Sylvain Moreno
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:309
  36. Persisting coma is a common complication in (neuro)intensive care in neurological disease such as acute ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Amantadine acts as a nicotinic rece...

    Authors: Anna Hofmann, Corinna Blum, Constanze Single, Kamal Adeyemi, Patricia Schwarz, Vasileios Siokas, Tim W. Rattay, Helene A. Häberle, Reimer Riessen, Bettina Brendel, Iris Haug, Ruth Bösel, Manola Zago, Peter Martus, Ulf Ziemann, Annerose Mengel…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:308
  37. Cognitive difficulties are a frequent complaint in long COVID and persist for more than a year post- infection. There is a lack of evidence-based data on effective intervention strategies. Non-pharmacological ...

    Authors: Sylvie Willems, Vincent Didone, Carmen Cabello Fernandez, Gael Delrue, Hichem Slama, Patrick Fery, Julien Goin, Clara Della Libera and Fabienne Collette
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:307

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2023 23:322

  38. Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a noninvasive method for controlling tremor and has recently been used in patients with X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism (XDP). This study ai...

    Authors: Roland Dominic G. Jamora, Kathleen Joy O. Khu, Marie Charmaine C. Sy, Juan Silvestre G. Pascual, Gerardo D. Legaspi and Jose A. Aguilar
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:306
  39. The leukodystrophy “Vanishing White Matter” (VWM) is an orphan disease with neurological decline and high mortality. Currently, VWM has no approved treatments, but advances in understanding pathophysiology hav...

    Authors: Daphne H. Schoenmakers, Prisca S. Leferink, Adeline Vanderver, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, Geneviève Bernard, Enrico Bertini, Ali Fatemi, Brent L. Fogel, Nicole I. Wolf, Donna Skwirut, Allyson Buck, Brett Holberg, Elise F. Saunier-Vivar, Robert Rauner, Hanka Dekker…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:305
  40. It is known that blood levels of neurofilament light (NF-L) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) are both associated with outcome of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Here...

    Authors: Iftakher Hossain, Mehrbod Mohammadian, Henna-Riikka Maanpää, Riikka S. K. Takala, Olli Tenovuo, Mark van Gils, Peter Hutchinson, David K. Menon, Virginia F. Newcombe, Jussi Tallus, Jussi Hirvonen, Timo Roine, Timo Kurki, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg and Jussi P. Posti
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:304
  41. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel was recommended as the secondary prevention of minor ischemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). However, genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C19...

    Authors: Mingxia Li, Qianru Yang, Jiankuan Shi, Xiaolong Zhang, Hong Lin and Fangfang Ge
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:303
  42. Evidence on the relative risk of death across all stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is lacking but greatly needed for the evaluation of new interventions. We used data from the Uniform Data Set (UDS) of the N...

    Authors: Valerie Crowell, Adriana Reyes, Summera Qiheng Zhou, Maria Vassilaki, Sandro Gsteiger and Anders Gustavsson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:302
  43. Loss of neuromelanin in the midbrain is known in Parkinson’s disease(PD), which can now be directly detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI(NM-MRI). This case-control study was to investigate the distribution o...

    Authors: Qiang Liu, Pan Wang, Chenghe Liu, Feng Xue, Qian Wang, Yuqing Chen, Ruihua Hou and Teng Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:301
  44. As disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are becoming a reality, there is an urgent need to select cost-effective tools that can accurately identify patients in the earliest stages of...

    Authors: Salvatore Mazzeo, Michael Lassi, Sonia Padiglioni, Alberto Arturo Vergani, Valentina Moschini, Maenia Scarpino, Giulia Giacomucci, Rachele Burali, Carmen Morinelli, Carlo Fabbiani, Giulia Galdo, Lorenzo Gaetano Amato, Silvia Bagnoli, Filippo Emiliani, Assunta Ingannato, Benedetta Nacmias…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:300
  45. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder affecting the neuromuscular junction. Despite the potential benefits of higher physical activity and lower sedentary behavior in MG patients, evidence from obse...

    Authors: Jiao Li, Fei Wang, Chen Zhang, Zhen Li, Juan Gao and Haijie Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:299
  46. Early neurological deterioration (END) sometimes occurs in patients with penetrating artery territory infarction (PATI) and leads to poor prognosis. In this study, we analyzed clinical and neuroimaging charact...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Zhihua Si, Dawei Wang, Dong Dong, Rutao Liu, Xianwen Yu, Jiyou Tang and Aihua Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:298
  47. Hiccups (medically termed, “singultus”), when intractable, can cause significant medical consequences such as aspiration, malnutrition, and depression, leading to poor quality of life. Several case reports hav...

    Authors: Susan Zhang Recio and Myriam Abdennadher
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:297
  48. To observe the effect of overground gait training with ‘Mobility Assisted Robotic System-MARS’ on gait parameters in patients with stroke.

    Authors: Anupam Gupta, Navin B. Prakash, Gourav Sannyasi, Faiz Mohamad, Preethi Honavar, S. Jotheeswaran, Meeka Khanna and Subasree Ramakrishnan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:296
  49. Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare type of stroke, occurring more among young individuals. The presentation is highly variable, and this can delay diagnosis and management, thereby affecting outcome. The aim...

    Authors: Alshaimaa M. Aboul fotouh, Sadek Mohamed Helmy, Husam S. Mourad, Hadeel Ahmed Abdelbaky and Ghada Hatem
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:295

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