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  1. Anxiety disorder is a common non-motor symptom among individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). At present, there are no specific tools in China for assessing the anxiety level of patients with PD. This study ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Jiang, Yelin Jiang, Tiantian Peng, Mengyue Wang, Manman Li, Min Zhang, Li Li and Qi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:60
  2. Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a very rare disorder characterized by massive osteolysis of poorly understood aetiology. The association between GSD involving the skull base and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage...

    Authors: Qian-qian Xing, Meng Miao, Qiao-wei Zhang, Yue Wu and Fei-fang He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:59
  3. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the fastest growing neurological condition worldwide. Recent theories suggest that symptoms of PD may arise due to spread of Lewy-body pathology where the process begins in the gut ...

    Authors: Hilmar P. Sigurdsson, Heather Hunter, Lisa Alcock, Ross Wilson, Ilse Pienaar, Elizabeth Want, Mark R. Baker, John-Paul Taylor, Lynn Rochester and Alison J. Yarnall
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:58
  4. Small vessel childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (SV-cPACNS) is a rare disease characterized by inflammation within small vessels such as arterioles or capillaries.

    Authors: E Datyner, V Adeseye, K Porter, I Dryden, A Sarma, N Vu, AE Patrick and P Paueksakon
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:57
  5. In frontotemporal dementia (FTD) spectrum, younger patients may correspond to fusopathy cases, and cognitive decline could be rapidly progressive. We present a clinical and neuropathological description of a p...

    Authors: Ernesto García-Roldán, Eloy Rivas-Infante, Manuel Medina-Rodríguez, José Enrique Arriola-Infante, Silvia Rodrigo-Herrero, Carmen Paradas, Alberto Rábano-Gutiérrez and Emilio Franco-Macías
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:55
  6. Proper seizure control during pregnancy and postpartum is essential to optimize the outcome of women with epilepsy (WWE). The current work aimed to address factors related to seizure occurrence during pregnanc...

    Authors: Hassan Hosny, Manal Mahmoud Al Kattan, Maha A. Zaki, Gihan M. Ramzy, Salsabil Abo Al-Azayem and Rehab Magdy
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:54
  7. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease affecting multiple functional aspects of patients’ lives. Depression and anxiety are common amongst persons with MS (PwMS). There has been an interest in utilizing ...

    Authors: Nathan Y. Chu, Kaitlyn E. Watson, Yazid N. Al Hamarneh, Lily Yushko, Ross T. Tsuyuki and Penelope Smyth
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:53
  8. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a devastating demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system caused by opportunistic infection of the JC virus (JCV).

    Authors: Takashi Nagahori, Wataru Shiraishi, Masafumi Nishikawa, Ayano Matsuyoshi, Takenori Ogura, Yui Yamada, Kenta Takahashi, Tadaki Suzuki, Kazuo Nakamichi, Tetsuya Hashimoto and Taketo Hatano
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:52
  9. Liver fibrosis has been considered a predictor of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate whether the degree of liver fibrosis is related to post-stroke depression (PSD) at 3 months follow-up.

    Authors: Yun Zhang, Yao Yang, Yue Feng, Zhonglun Chen, Lin He, Shu Xie, Jian Shi, Bufan Yang and Yufeng Tang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:50
  10. Primary cerebral epithelioid angiosarcoma (PCEA) is a rare malignant tumor of the central nervous system. To the best of our knowledge, only three cases have been reported in the English language literature th...

    Authors: Renzhao Kuang, Shun Li and Yuanchuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:49
  11. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) considers a rare cause of ischemic stroke (IS). We reported a case of a newly diagnosed patient with acquired immune-mediated TTP (iTTP), in whom two IS events develop...

    Authors: Melika Jameie, Sanaz Heydari, Mojdeh Ghabaee and Hamed Amirifard
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:47
  12. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the subarachnoid extension of intracranial hemorrhage (SAHE) and clinical outcomes in patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

    Authors: Jinjin Wang, Dandan Wang, Liheng Bian, Anxin Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Ruixuan Jiang, Wenjuan Wang, Yi Ju, Jingjing Lu and Xingquan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:46
  13. Small multiple intracranial aneurysms (SMIAs) are known to be more prone to rupture than are single aneurysms. However, specific recommendations for patients with small MIAs are not included in the guidelines ...

    Authors: Xin Tong, Xin Feng, Fei Peng, Hao Niu, Xin Zhang, Xifeng Li, Yuanli Zhao, Aihua Liu and Chuanzhi Duan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:45
  14. There has been both great interest in and skepticism about the strategies for headache inhibition in patients with patent foramen ovale and migraines (PFO-migraine). Furthermore, many questions remain about th...

    Authors: Mengqi Wang, Duo Lan, Chaitu Dandu, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji and Ran Meng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:44
  15. Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (RHS) due to varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection is commonly reported in individuals aged at least 50 years or immunocompromised individuals. VZV infection may invade the central nervou...

    Authors: Yun Su Hwang, Young Seo Kim, Byoung-Soo Shin and Hyun Goo Kang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:43
  16. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system that affects the patients' quality of life. The disease's complications reduce the quality of life in patients by creating phys...

    Authors: Atefeh Zahra HomayunHosseini
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:42
  17. To date, few studies have investigated the use of endovascular treatment (EVT) for brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) in the supplying area of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Moreover, no suitable cla...

    Authors: Han Su and Jinlu Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:41
  18. A post stroke seizure is a period of neurological dysfunction caused by abnormal neuronal activity. Seizures after a stroke have an impact on patients' lives and increase mortality in stroke patients. It also ...

    Authors: Tadios Lidetu and Dagmawit Zewdu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:40
  19. Cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (CAS) is a significant factor in the development of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Previous studies have reported that cytokines are involved in atherosclerotic diseases, althou...

    Authors: Yinping Guo, Qianqian Kong, Yi Zhang, Jing Zhao, Zhiyuan Yu, Dan He, Hao Huang and Xiang Luo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:39
  20. Parkinsonism after ventriculoperitoneal shunt in patients with hydrocephalus is a rare and profound complication that is often misdiagnosed, causing treatment to be delayed. To date, the characteristics of thi...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Bi W. Chen, Wei Mao, Feng Y. Wu and Yan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:38
  21. External ventricular drainage (EVD) is frequently used in neurosurgical procedures for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. It is, however, associated with high infection rates, namely secondary meningitis and ...

    Authors: Daphna Hoefnagel, Victor Volovici, Ellianne J. dos Santos Rubio, Anne F. Voor in’t Holt, Clemens M. F. Dirven, Margreet C. Vos and Ruben Dammers
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:36
  22. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a progressive degenerative neuromuscular disease. Nusinersen, with its quick onset of action, can benefit patients early in the treatment course. However, there are currently n...

    Authors: Hua Yang, Qiuji Tao, Dan Li, Jie Yang, Qianyun Cai, Jing Gan, Shaoping Huang and Rong Luo
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:35
  23. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal and irreversible neurodegenerative disease. Identification of inexpensive and easy-to-implement biomarkers of CJD which could predict disease severity and patient sur...

    Authors: Yu Kong, Zhongyun Chen, Jing Zhang and Liyong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:34
  24. The carriers of damaging heterozygous variants in interferon regulatory factor 2 binding protein-like (IRF2BPL), encoding a member of the IRF2BP family of transcriptional regulators, may be affected by a varie...

    Authors: Fei Yang, Hui Li, Yi Dai, Ran Zhang and Jiang-tao Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:32
  25. Volumetric accuracy of using computed tomography perfusion (CTP) to estimate the post-treatment infarct in stroke patients with successful recanalization after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has been studied a l...

    Authors: Xiao-Quan Xu, Gao Ma, Guang-Chen Shen, Shan-Shan Lu, Hai-Bin Shi, Ya-Xi Zhang, Yu Zhang, Fei-Yun Wu and Sheng Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:31
  26. Investigations on the risk factors for the prognosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) are limited. This study aimed to explore whether specific inflammatory factors and coagulation indictors are asso...

    Authors: Rui Sun, Feihong Huang, Wen Wu, Ge Yin, Qichao Ding, Zhengsheng Gu, Cunxiu Fan, Chenrui Song, Meng Liang, Xiaobei Liu and Xiaoying Bi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:30
  27. Mild acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) may benefit from thrombolysis or thrombectomy therapy. However, the predictors for LVO in mild AIS patients have not been extensively...

    Authors: Zhengzhao Lu, Yunyun Xiong, Kaixuan Yang, Hongqiu Gu, Chunmiao Duan, Xingquan Zhao, Xia Meng and Yongjun Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:29
  28. Patients with complex febrile seizures (CFS) often display abnormal laboratory results, unexpectedly prolonged seizures, and/or altered consciousness after admission. However, no standardized values have been ...

    Authors: Tsukasa Tanaka, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Yusuke Ishida, Kazumi Tomioka, Masahiro Nishiyama, Daisaku Toyoshima, Azusa Maruyama, Hiroki Takeda, Hiroshi Kurosawa, Ryojiro Tanaka, Kandai Nozu and Hiroaki Nagase
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:28
  29. Early hematoma expansion (HE) occurs in 20 to 40% of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients and is a primary determinant of early deterioration and poor prognosis. Previous studies have shown that...

    Authors: Yujian Li, Xiang Yang, Huiqing Zhou, Xuhui Hui, Hao Li and Jun Zheng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:27
  30. Autonomic dysfunction is prevalent in ischemic stroke patients and associated with a worse clinical outcome. We aimed to evaluate autonomic dysfunction over time and the tolerability of the head-up tilt table ...

    Authors: Mathias Damkjær, Sofie Amalie Simonsen, Adam Vittrup Heiberg, Jesper Mehlsen, Anders Sode West, Poul Jennum and Helle Klingenberg Iversen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:26
  31. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia caused by idiopathic granulomatous inflammation involving the cavernous sinus region. Patients respond well to steroid therapy. THS is inc...

    Authors: Wei He, Yinglin Zhu, Yinan Zhang, Liang Dong, Zefang Zhou and Jiying Zhou
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:25
  32. Autonomic dysfunctions including bladder dysfunction, gastrointestinal dysfunction and orthostasis are common symptoms of autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein astrocytopathy (A-GFAP-A); however, cardiac ...

    Authors: Pu-yuan Wen, Guang-qiang Wang, Lian-wei Dou, Qi Chen, Xian-wen Chen and Li Gong
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:24
  33. Intracranial aneurysms are the most common vascular cause of painful ophthalmoplegia. Symptoms include retro-orbital pain, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, trigeminal neuropathy, or a combination of these. Most sing...

    Authors: Wanwan Zhang, Yinyin Xie, Jiwei Zhang, Cui Wang, Yajun Lian, Hongbo Liu and Nanchang Xie
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:23
  34. The association between intracranial artery calcification (IAC) and the risk of ischemic stroke occurrence or poor prognosis had not yet been fully understood. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis of ex...

    Authors: Xuelong Li, Heng Du, Jia Li and Xiangyan Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:21
  35. NEUROG1 gene is yet to be associated with a set of human phenotypes in the OMIM database. Three cases have previously been diagnosed with cranial dysinnervation due to biallelic variants in the NEUROG1 gene. This...

    Authors: Frenny Sheth, Jhanvi Shah, Ketan Patel, Darshan Patel, Deepika Jain, Jayesh Sheth and Harsh Sheth
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:20
  36. Do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) decisions for patients with infratentorial or large supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs) pose clinical and ethical challenges. We aimed to investigate factors ass...

    Authors: Amanda Soomägi, Adam Viktorisson and Katharina S. Sunnerhagen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:19
  37. Measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) provides a rapid, safe, and easy method for detecting increased intracranial pressure (ICP). However, the normal mean and upper limit values may vary accor...

    Authors: Guillermo Trocha, Andrés Bonilla, Camilo Romero, Jonathan Palacios and Nicolas Molano-Gonzalez
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:16
  38. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease and is clinically characterized by a series of motor symptoms (MS) and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). NMS often appear before MS, while cognitive impairment mo...

    Authors: Zhiguang Chen, Wei Zhang, Wen He, Yang Guang, Tengfei Yu, Yue Du and Rui Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:15
  39. Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is commonly used to inhibit pathological hyperactivity of the auditory cortex in tinnitus. Novel and supposedly superior and faster inhibitory ...

    Authors: Stefan Schoisswohl, Berthold Langguth, Franziska C. Weber, Mohamed A. Abdelnaim, Tobias Hebel and Martin Schecklmann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:14
  40. Carotid vulnerable plaque is an important risk factor for stroke occurrence and recurrence. However, the relationship between risk parameters related to carotid vulnerable plaque (plaque size, echogenicity, in...

    Authors: Linggang Cheng, Shuai Zheng, Jinghan Zhang, Fumin Wang, Xinyao Liu, Lin Zhang, Zhiguang Chen, Ye Cheng, Wei Zhang, Yi Li and Wen He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:13
  41. Granulomatous hypophysitis is a rare disease that presents with chronic inflammation of the pituitary gland. In this study, we reported a case of granulomatous hypophysitis associated with a pituitary abscess.

    Authors: Mohammad Mahdi Rabiei, Kaveh Ebrahimzadeh, Zahra Davoudi, Farahnaz Bidari Zerehpoosh, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh, Roghayeh Sedaghati, Legha Lotfollahi, Fatemeh Kalhor and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:11

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