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  1. Fenestration of vertebra-basilar artery is an uncommon congenital vascular anomaly, which is identified by incidental findings on imaging in patients presented without related symptoms or in patients with intr...

    Authors: Feng Wang, Xiaokai Wang, Xiaohua Li, Huifeng Zheng and Zhiyong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:63

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) presents as chronic, continuous pain and sensory, autonomic, and motor abnormalities affecting one or more extremities. People with CRPS can also show changes in their per...

    Authors: Monika Halicka, Axel D. Vittersø, Michael J. Proulx and Janet H. Bultitude

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Human leukocyte antigen-E (HLA-E) has been extensively investigated in various human cancers including glioma. However, the clinical significance of HLA-E expression in glioma patients has not been elucidated....

    Authors: Zhifeng Wu, Jingshan Liang, Zheng Wang, Aimin Li, Xing Fan and Tao Jiang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Primary microcephaly is defined as reduced occipital-frontal circumference noticeable before 36 weeks of gestation. Large amount of insults might lead to microcephaly including infections, hypoxia and genetic ...

    Authors: Vincent Picher-Martel, Yvan Labrie, Serge Rivest, Baiba Lace and Nicolas Chrestian

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Migraine is one of the most common neurological disorders that leads to disabilities. However, the conventional drug therapy for migraine might be unsatisfactory at times. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed t...

    Authors: Hong Deng, Gai-gai Li, Hao Nie, Yang-yang Feng, Guang-yu Guo, Wen-liang Guo and Zhou-ping Tang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Review

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  6. Craniopharyngiomas are defined by the WHO as “benign” tumours, but their location and surgical treatment may be associated with major complications, one being chemical meningitis. Although rare, especially in ...

    Authors: Magdalena Chrościńska-Krawczyk, Ewa Zienkiewicz, Arkadiusz Podkowiński and Maria Klatka

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Perineuriomas are rare benign peripheral nerve sheath tumours of perineurial cell origin and can be classified into intraneural and extraneural perineuriomas. They most commonly present a mononeuropathy of gra...

    Authors: Anne-Kathrin Uerschels, Christos Krogias, Andreas Junker, Ulrich Sure, Karsten H. Wrede and Oliver Gembruch

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Current guidelines limit thrombolytic treatment of stroke to those patients who present within 4.5 h to minimize the risk of hemorrhagic complications. Risk of hemorrhage increases with increasing blood-brain ...

    Authors: Jarrhett Butler, Parisa Heidari, Sarah Blayney, Emi Hitomi, Marie Luby and Richard Leigh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common disease that can cause muscle weakness and atrophy among adults. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by the triad of gait disturbance, cognit...

    Authors: Junyang Wang, Ming Liu, Wenjie Shang, Zhongqin Chen and Guoping Peng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Information of Previous studies on the prevalence of MS, including our study conducted 12 years ago, used to shape global prevalence map of MS. According to those results, Iran placed in medium-prevalence MS r...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Baghbanian, Hamed Cheraghmakani, Reza HabibiSaravi, Arash Azar and Fariba Ghasemihamedani

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a state of ongoing seizure activity without convulsions. The heterogeneous and subtle clinical features of NCSE make diagnosis and treatment challenging. Here, we rep...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Shunyuan Zhang, Jinfeng Duan, Xianwen Zhang and Yufeng Tang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:51

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. Reduced balance is one of the cardinal symptoms of PD, predisposing people living with PD to experience difficulties with the execution of ...

    Authors: Sofie LaGrone, Conran Joseph, Hanna Johansson, Birgit Enberg and Erika Franzén

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In 2015, the first nationwide, multicenter Multiple Sclerosis (MS) registry was initiated in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) mainly with an objective to describe current epidemiology, disease patterns, and c...

    Authors: Mohammed AlJumah, R. Bunyan, H. Al Otaibi, G. Al Towaijri, A. Karim, Y. Al Malik, M. Kalakatawi, S. Alrajeh, M. Al Mejally, H. Algahtani, A. Almubarak, E. Cupler, S. Alawi, S. Qureshi, S. Nahrir, A. Almalki…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:49

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The medical imaging to differentiate World Health Organization (WHO) grade II (ODG2) from III (ODG3) oligodendrogliomas still remains a challenge. We investigated whether combination of machine leaning with ra...

    Authors: Sha-Sha Zhao, Xiu-Long Feng, Yu-Chuan Hu, Yu Han, Qiang Tian, Ying-Zhi Sun, Jie Zhang, Xiang-Wei Ge, Si-Chao Cheng, Xiu-Li Li, Li Mao, Shu-Ning Shen, Lin-Feng Yan, Guang-Bin Cui and Wen Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It is unclear whether non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Non-HDL-C) is associated with haemorrhagic transformation (HT) after acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to explore the association between No...

    Authors: Yanan Wang, Quhong Song, Yajun Cheng, Chenchen Wei, Chen Ye, Junfeng Liu, Bo Wu and Ming Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS) affect up to 30% of individuals following mild traumatic brain injury. PPCS frequently includes exercise intolerance. Sub-symptom threshold aerobic exercise has been ...

    Authors: Leah J. Mercier, Tak S. Fung, Ashley D. Harris, Sean P. Dukelow and Chantel T. Debert

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:46

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Chulalongkorn Stroke Center is a comprehensive stroke center (CSC) located in Bangkok, Thailand. Our stroke network consists of different levels of spoke hospitals, ranging from community hospitals where throm...

    Authors: Naruchorn Kijpaisalratana, Aurauma Chutinet, Wasan Akarathanawat, Pakkawan Vongvasinkul and Nijasri C. Suwanwela

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Autoimmune encephalitis is characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with brain inflammation. The differential is usually broad and Psychiatry often collaborates with Neurology in diagnostic clarif...

    Authors: Julia Shekunov, Caren J. Blacker, Jennifer L. Vande Voort, Jan-Mendelt Tillema, Paul E. Croarkin and Magdalena Romanowicz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Pharmacological treatment of patients with tension-type headache (TTH) includes symptomatic (acute) and prophylactic (preventive) medication. No previous study has investigated variables associated to symptoma...

    Authors: César Fernández-de-las-Peñas, Maria Palacios-Ceña, Matteo Castaldo, Kelun Wang, Ángel Guerrero-Peral, Antonella Catena and Lars Arendt-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  20. While the burden of neurologic illness in developing countries is increasing, less is known about mortality among patients admitted to sub-Saharan African hospitals with neurologic disease. We sought to charac...

    Authors: Monica M. Diaz, Xin Hu, Brenda T. Fenton, Ivan Kimuli, Allison Lee, Hayley Lindsey, Jeffrey K. Bigelow, Samuel Maiser, Hamada H. Altalib and Jason J. Sico

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS) are two neurological diseases known to greatly influence a patient’s life. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients wi...

    Authors: Marian Petersen, Ellids Kristensen, Laura Giraldi and Annamaria Giraldi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Both Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and Continuous intrajejunal Levodopa Infusion (CLI) are effective therapies for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD). To our knowledge, no direct head-to-head comparison ...

    Authors: D. van Poppelen, V. Sisodia, R. J. de Haan, M. G. W. Dijkgraaf, P. R. Schuurman, G. J. Geurtsen, A. E. M. Berk, R. M. A. de Bie and J. M. Dijk

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. A significant proportion of ischemic strokes are caused by emboli from atherosclerotic, unstable carotid artery plaques. The selection of patients for endarterectomy in current clinical practice is primarily b...

    Authors: M. Zamani, K. Skagen, H. Scott, D. Russell and M. Skjelland

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Due to uniform stiffness of standard platinum coils, dense packing of intracranial aneurysms can be difficult to achieve, since stiffer coils can cause microcatheter prolapse or coil migration. SMART coils hav...

    Authors: Behme Daniel, Sack Henrik, Tsogkas Ioannis, Rohde Veit and Psychogios Marios-Nikos

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2020 20:188

  25. We report on a stroke patient with disorder of consciousness (DOC) who underwent repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and showed recovery of an injured upper ascending reticular activating syste...

    Authors: Sung Ho Jang and Young Hyeon Kwon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:37

    Content type: Case report

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  26. To investigate the relationships between blood pressure (BP) circadian rhythms and acute cerebral infarction (ACI), silent cerebral infarction (SCI) and the severity of leukoaraiosis in hypertensive patients.

    Authors: Kang Yang, Xiaodong Zhu, Yulan Feng, Fanxia Shen, Jie Chen, Ningzhen Fu, Jialan Sun and Yi Fu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The ability to walk is commonly reported as a top rehabilitation priority for individuals after a stroke. However, not all individuals with stroke are able to practice walking, especially those who require mor...

    Authors: Dennis R. Louie, William B. Mortenson, Melanie Durocher, Robert Teasell, Jennifer Yao and Janice J. Eng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Progressive spinal deformity has become a well-recognized complication of intracanal tumors resection. However, the factors affecting post-operative spinal stability remain to be further research. Here, we des...

    Authors: Pangbo Wang, Kang Ma, Tunan Chen, Xingsen Xue, Dada Ma, Shi Wang, Xin Chen, Hui Meng, Gaoyu Cui, Boyuan Gao, Jiangkai Lin, Hua Feng and Weihua Chu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Aerobic training has the potential to restore function, stimulate brain repair, and reduce inflammation in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). However, disability, fatigue, and heat sensitivity are major barr...

    Authors: Augustine J. Devasahayam, Arthur R. Chaves, Wendy O. Lasisi, Marie E. Curtis, Katie P. Wadden, Liam P. Kelly, Ryan Pretty, Alice Chen, Elizabeth M. Wallack, Caitlin J. Newell, John B. Williams, Hannah Kenny, Matthew B. Downer, Jason McCarthy, Craig S. Moore and Michelle Ploughman

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  30. While both hypercapnia and hypocapnia are harmful in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), it is unknown whether high-normal PaCO2 values are better than low-normal values. We hypothesized that high-normal...

    Authors: Tilman Reiff, Oliver Barthel, Silvia Schönenberger and Sibu Mundiyanapurath

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In Moyamoya Angioplasty (MMA), increased apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in frontal white matter (WM) with a normal appearance has been associated with frontal hypoperfusion and executive dysfunction. Mul...

    Authors: Lionel Calviere, Paul Loubiere, Melanie Planton, Vanessa Cazzola, Isabelle Catalaa, Helene Mirabel, Jean Christophe Sol and Fabrice Bonneville

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Necrotizing myopathy (NM) is defined by the dominant pathological feature of necrosis of muscle fibers without substantial lymphocytic inflammatory infiltration. Anti-signal recognition particle (SRP)-antibody...

    Authors: Arika Hara, Ryota Amano, Hiroaki Yokote, Masahide Ijima, Satoshi Zeniya, Toshiki Uchihara, Sawako Yada, Mayumi Masumura, Hidenobu Takei, Ichizo Nishino and Shuta Toru

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Case report

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  33. The research on postoperative collateral formation for hemorrhagic moyamoya disease (MMD) evaluated by using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is limited. Our study objective was to investigate the postope...

    Authors: Peicong Ge, Qian Zhang, Xun Ye, Xingju Liu, Xiaofeng Deng, Jia Wang, Rong Wang, Yan Zhang, Dong Zhang and Jizong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Alexander disease is a rare neurological disease characterized by progressive spastic quadriparesis and bulbar palsy. Moreover, certain patients with adult-onset Alexander disease were often misdiagnosed as ot...

    Authors: Jongkyu Park, Sung-Tae Park, Jieun Kim and Kyum-Yil Kwon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Parkinson’s disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonisms (APD) have overlapping symptoms challenging an early diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy is important because PD and APD have different prognosis and response to ...

    Authors: Anna Santaella, H. Bea Kuiperij, Anouke van Rumund, Rianne A. J. Esselink, Alain J. van Gool, Bastiaan R. Bloem and Marcel M. Verbeek

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Galcanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that selectively binds to calcitonin gene-related peptide, has demonstrated a significant reduction in monthly migraine headache days in phase 2 and 3 trials. In t...

    Authors: Mark E. Bangs, David Kudrow, Shufang Wang, Tina M. Oakes, Gisela M. Terwindt, Delphine Magis, Laura Yunes-Medina and Virginia L. Stauffer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2020 20:90

  37. Most patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from bladder dysfunction during the course of the disease. This study was conducted to examine the prevalence of these complications among patients with MS.

    Authors: Fatemeh Nazari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Marjan Mansourian and Valiollah Hajhashemi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Postural instability presents a common and disabling consequence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). However, knowledge about postural behavior of CIPN patients is sparse. With this pilot stu...

    Authors: Sarah Kneis, Anja Wehrle, Daniela Dalin, Isabella Katharina Wiesmeier, Johann Lambeck, Albert Gollhofer, Hartmut Bertz and Christoph Maurer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Intravenous thrombolysis therapy (IVT) bridged with intra-arterial thrombectomy (IAT) has recently been recommended as favorable treatment option to ensure that the thrombolytic effect is delivered to the affe...

    Authors: Yu-Jun Chang, Chi-Kuang Liu, Wen-Pei Wu, Shih-Chun Wang, Wei-Liang Chen and Chih-Ming Lin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare astrocytic glioma, characterized by large pleomorphic and frequently multinucleated cells, spindle and lipidized cells, a dense pericellular reticulin network, and...

    Authors: Noriyuki Watanabe, Eiichi Ishikawa, Hidehiro Kohzuki, Noriaki Sakamoto, Alexander Zaboronok, Masahide Matsuda, Makoto Shibuya and Akira Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Persons with spinal cord injury/dysfunction (SCI/D) often take multiple medications to treat their secondary complications and chronic conditions (multimorbidity). Multiple healthcare and service providers are...

    Authors: Sara J. T. Guilcher, Amanda C. Everall, Tejal Patel, Tanya L. Packer, Sander L. Hitzig, Stephanie R. Cimino and Aisha K. Lofters

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that is characterized by motor symptoms such as tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement and problems with gait. Large-scale meta-ana...

    Authors: Hui Wu, Hui Li, Zhiqiang Shi, Jiajia Tang, Shuya Mei, Tianyi Ai and Zhenzhou He

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  43. A new monogenic neurodegenerative disease affecting ribosomal metabolism has recently been identified in association with a monoallelic UBTF putative gain of function variant (NM_001076683.1:c.628G>A, hg19). Phen...

    Authors: Filipa Bastos, Mathieu Quinodoz, Marie-Claude Addor, Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Heidi Fodstad, Carlo Rivolta, Claudia Poloni, Andrea Superti-Furga, Eliane Roulet-Perez and Sebastien Lebon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Pain is a common problem for individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). In Sweden, 95% of children and adolescents with CP are followed in a national follow-up programme (CPUP), which includes data on pain. The pur...

    Authors: Elsa Eriksson, Gunnar Hägglund and Ann I. Alriksson-Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Active Rehabilitation (AR) is a community peer-based concept for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that is primarily delivered through brief residential training programmes. Despite a plethora of positive a...

    Authors: Anestis Divanoglou, Tomasz Tasiemski and Sophie Jörgensen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. Transverse myelitis (TM) is due to inflammatory spinal cord injury with bilateral neurologic involvement, which is sensory, motor, or autonomic in nature. It may be associated with autoimmune disease, vaccinat...

    Authors: Fangfang Qu, Zhenzhen Qu, Yingqian Lv, Bo Song and Bailin Wu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:13

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: