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  1. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an important predictor for a pending stroke. Guidelines recommend a workup for TIA-patients similar to that of stroke patients, including an assessment of the extra- and intr...

    Authors: Ilko L. Maier, Gerrit U. Herpertz, Mathias Bähr, Marios-Nikos Psychogios and Jan Liman
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:7
  2. Sleep characteristics associated with dementia are poorly defined and whether their associations vary by demographics and APOE genotype among older adults are unclear.

    Authors: Rui Liu, Shi Tang, Yongxiang Wang, Yi Dong, Tingting Hou, Yifei Ren, Lin Cong, Keke Liu, Yu Qin, Shireen Sindi, Yifeng Du and Chengxuan Qiu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:5
  3. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between combined and individual cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) markers on future walking speed over 9 years; and to explore whether these associa...

    Authors: Emerald G. Heiland, Anna-Karin Welmer, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Anna Laveskog, Rui Wang and Chengxuan Qiu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:496
  4. Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne virus transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies (Phlebotomus sp.) widespread throughout the Mediterranean having the potential to cause meningoencephalitis in humans. In Ger...

    Authors: R. Dersch, A. Sophocleous, D. Cadar, P. Emmerich, J. Schmidt-Chanasit and S. Rauer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:495
  5. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) injury is prevalent in patients with HIV-associated dementia (HAD) and is a frequent feature of HIV encephalitis. Signs of BBB damage are also sometimes found in neuroasymptomatic HIV...

    Authors: Birgitta Anesten, Henrik Zetterberg, Staffan Nilsson, Bruce J. Brew, Dietmar Fuchs, Richard W. Price, Magnus Gisslén and Aylin Yilmaz
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:494

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2022 22:197

  6. Cranial autonomic symptoms are common in migraine, with eye redness and tearing being the most common ones. Their identification can help to avoid misdiagnosis, predict the disease course, and select the appro...

    Authors: Mansoureh Togha, Elham Jafari, Atieh Moosavian, Abolfazl Farbod, Shadi Ariyanfar and Fatemeh Farham
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:493
  7. Impaired motor function is one of the early symptoms shown in patients with Parkinson Disease (PD). For this reason, rehabilitative interventions have been used for many years to improve motor and non-motor sy...

    Authors: Patricia Abril-Jiménez, Beatriz Merino-Barbancho, Cecilia Vera-Muñoz and María Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:491
  8. Encephalitis associated with antibodies against alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) is an extremely rare type of antibody-mediated encephalitis. This research aims to inve...

    Authors: Zhe Zhang, Siyuan Fan, Haitao Ren, Lixin Zhou and Hongzhi Guan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:490
  9. Dural chondrosarcoma is a very rare intracranial tumor, given that meninges do not normally contain cartilaginous tissue from which it can originate. We present a case of primary extraosseous dural chondrosarc...

    Authors: Francis Garay Buitron, Albert Pons-Escoda, Noemí Vidal, Alberto Torres and Angels Camins
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:489
  10. A previously shown ‘mismatch’ group of patients with good observed upper limb (UL) motor function but low perceived UL activity at six months post stroke tends to use the affected UL less in daily life than wo...

    Authors: Bea Essers, Annick Van Gils, Christophe Lafosse, Marc Michielsen, Hilde Beyens, Fabienne Schillebeeckx, Janne M. Veerbeek, Andreas R. Luft, Daphne Kos and Geert Verheyden
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:488
  11. Glycemic patterns have been reported to be prognostic factors for stroke; however, this remains to be further evaluated. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the usefulness of glycemic patterns such as persist...

    Authors: Duanlu Hou, Ping Zhong, Xiaofei Ye and Danhong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:487
  12. Erenumab is a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-receptor antibody inhibiting CGRP function. CGRP is prominently involved in the pathophysiology of migraine through nociceptive modulation in the trigeminov...

    Authors: Bui Bao Khanh Dinh, Waseem Hamed Aziz, Alessandro Terruzzi and Derk Wolfgang Krieger
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:486
  13. Vaccination against COVID-19 continues apace, but side-effects, both common and severe, continue to be reported. We report here the first published case of COVID-19 vaccine-related encephalitis.

    Authors: Junko Takata, Simon M. Durkin, Solomon Wong, Michael S. Zandi, Josephine K. Swanton and Tumena W. Corrah
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:485
  14. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examination of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) may help screen vascular cognitive impairment. A recently estimated CSVD score system was suggested to capture the ove...

    Authors: Wei-Wen Wu, Yang Wang, Jun Xu, Li-Xia Lu, Lin Chen, Gang Wu and Hui Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:484
  15. Central sensitization is an amplification of neuronal signaling within the central nervous system. The Central Sensitization Inventory was introduced in 2012. A Polish version of the CSI (CSI-Pol) was develope...

    Authors: Barbara Kosińska, Beata Tarnacka, Paweł Turczyn, Grażyna Gromadzka, Małgorzata Malec-Milewska, Dorota Janikowska-Hołowenko and Randy Neblett
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:483
  16. The development of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is linked with higher mortality and poor neurological recovery. Previous studies have investigated the effect o...

    Authors: Hae Gi Park, Sunghan Kim, Joonho Chung, Chang Ki Jang, Keun Young Park and Jae Whan Lee
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:482
  17. Cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms are highly prevalent after Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH). We leveraged Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to identify profiles for cognitive decline and depression onse...

    Authors: Sophia Keins, Jessica R. Abramson, Juan Pablo Castello, Marco Pasi, Andreas Charidimou, Christina Kourkoulis, Zora DiPucchio, Kristin Schwab, Christopher D. Anderson, M. Edip Gurol, Steven M. Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Anand Viswanathan and Alessandro Biffi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:481
  18. Late-stage Parkinson’s disease (PD) often presents with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as dementia, psychosis, excessive daytime sleepiness, apathy, depression, and anxiety. However, neuropsychiatric symptoms ...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Kubo, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Takeshi Taguchi, Renpei Sengoku, Atsuko Takeuchi and Yuko Saito
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:480
  19. The diagnosis and therapy of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) tends to focus on neurological symptoms, but less attention has been paid the occurrence of extracerebral lesion such as the my...

    Authors: Kenya Oguchi, Kazuhiro Fukushima, Akinori Nakamura and Yo-ichi Takei
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:479
  20. Whether liver fibrosis is associated with increased risk for substantial hematoma expansion (HE) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is still uncertain. We evaluated the association between various liver fibr...

    Authors: Huan Wang, Jiongxing Wu, Xue Yang, Junfeng Liu, Wendan Tao, Zilong Hao, Bo Wu, Ming Liu, Shihong Zhang and Deren Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:478
  21. Identifying modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and estimating their impact on cognitive status may help prevent dementia (PDD) and the design of co...

    Authors: Saul Martínez-Horta, Helena Bejr-Kasem, Andrea Horta-Barba, Berta Pascual-Sedano, Diego Santos-García, Teresa de Deus-Fonticoba, Silvia Jesús, Miquel Aguilar, Lluis Planellas, Juan García-Caldentey, Nuria Caballol, Bárbara Vives-Pastor, Jorge Hernández-Vara, Iria Cabo-Lopez, Lydia López-Manzanares, Isabel González-Aramburu…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:477
  22. Chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with both ischemic stroke and sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive abilities of biomarkers of inflammation and immune modula...

    Authors: Katinka Nordheim Alme, Arve Ulvik, Torunn Askim, Jörg Assmus, Tom Eirik Mollnes, Mala Naik, Halvor Næss, Ingvild Saltvedt, Per-Magne Ueland and Anne-Brita Knapskog
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:476
  23. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic performance of NIHSS extinction and inattention item, compared to the results of the Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS) heart subtest. Additionally, the possible role of the ...

    Authors: Benedetta Basagni, Bahia Hakiki, Silvia Campagnini, Emilia Salvadori, Antonello Grippo, Anita Paperini, Chiara Castagnoli, Ines Hochleitner, Angela Maria Politi, Paola Gemignani, Irene Eleonora Mosca, Azzurra Franceschini, Enrico Bacci Bonotti, Alessandro Sodero, Andrea Mannini, Leonardo Pellicciari…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:475
  24. Depending on geographic location, causes of encephalitis, meningoencephalitis and meningitis vary substantially. We aimed to identify the most frequent causes, clinical presentation and long-term outcome of en...

    Authors: Anamaria Ungureanu, Julia van der Meer, Antonela Bicvic, Lena Abbuehl, Gabriele Chiffi, Léonore Jaques, Franziska Suter-Riniker, Stephen L. Leib, Claudio L. A. Bassetti and Anelia Dietmann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:474
  25. Clinical trials have shown that dexmedetomidine might decrease the occurrence of postoperative delirium after major surgery, but neurosurgical patients were excluded from these studies. We aimed to determine t...

    Authors: Xuan He, Kun-Ming Cheng, Yu-Qing Duan, Shan-Shan Xu, Hao-Ran Gao, Ming-Yue Miao, Hong-Liang Li, Kai Chen, Yan-Lin Yang, Linlin Zhang, Hong-Qiu Gu and Jian-Xin Zhou
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:472
  26. Subacute combined degeneration (SCD) is a neurological complication commonly associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. It can result from nitrous oxide (N2O) abuse and cause neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, ther...

    Authors: Jie Cao, Lusen Ran, Chenchen Liu and Zhijun Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:471
  27. Chronic inflammatory diseases are linked to an increased risk of stroke events. The white blood cell (WBC) count is a common marker of the inflammatory response. However, it is unclear whether the WBC count, i...

    Authors: Zhi-bing Hu, Ze-xiong Lu, Feng Zhu, Cao-qiang Jiang, Wei-sen Zhang, Jin Pan, Ya-li Jin, Lin Xu, G. Neil Thomas, Karkeung Cheng and Taihing Lam
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:470
  28. Rett syndrome (RTT) is characterized by a normal perinatal period with a normal head size at birth followed by normal development for the first 6 months of life followed by gradual deceleration of head growth,...

    Authors: Jhanvi Shah, Harsh Patel, Deepika Jain, Frenny Sheth and Harsh Sheth
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:469
  29. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that results in progressive and irreversible disability. Fatigue is one of the most common MS-related symptoms and is c...

    Authors: Abril Oliva Ramirez, Alexander Keenan, Olivia Kalau, Evelyn Worthington, Lucas Cohen and Sumeet Singh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:468
  30. Non-dystrophic myotonias (NDMs) comprise muscle chloride and sodium channelopathies due to genetic defects of the CLCN1- and SCN4A-channels. No licensed antimyotonic treatment has been available until approval...

    Authors: Ann-Marie Chapman, Marieke Schurer, Laure Weijers, Amer Omar, Hiba Lee, Alla Zozulya Weidenfeller, Crispin Ellis, Shaneil Sonecha and Christiane Schneider-Gold
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:467
  31. Malnutrition as a result of insufficient intake or uptake of nutrition leads to increasing rate of chronic diseases such as stroke. Stroke is one of the most common causes of death in western countries and its...

    Authors: Mahsa Mahmoudinezhad, Mohammad Khalili, Nasim Rezaeemanesh, Mehdi Farhoudi and Sharareh Eskandarieh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:466
  32. Arterial Tortuosity Syndrome (ATS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by elongated and tortuous arteries. Although ATS showed a significant clinical and pathophysiological overlap with other ...

    Authors: Stefano Cotti Piccinelli, Enrico Premi, Sonia Bonacina, Nicola Gilberti, Veronica Vergani, Massimo Gamba, Raffaella Spezi, Ilenia Delrio, Michaël Bernier, Angelo Costa, Marco Ravanelli, Marina Colombi, Roberto Gasparotti, Alessandro Padovani and Mauro Magoni
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:464
  33. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the new Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a pandemic, affecting the therapeutic management for Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A...

    Authors: Clara G. Chisari, Simona Toscano, Sebastiano Arena, Chiara Finocchiaro, Arturo Montineri and Francesco Patti
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:462
  34. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between tumor biology and values of cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time (MTT), time to peak (TTP), permeability s...

    Authors: Ke Wang, Yeming Li, Haiyang Cheng, Shenjie Li, Wei Xiang, Yang Ming, Ligang Chen and Jie Zhou
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:460
  35. Dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DaT-SPECT) can quantify the functional integrity of the dopaminergic nerve terminals and has been suggested as an imaging modality to verify the...

    Authors: R. Matthew Hutchison, Karleyton C. Evans, Tara Fox, Minhua Yang, Jerome Barakos, Barry J. Bedell, Jesse M. Cedarbaum, Miroslaw Brys, Andrew Siderowf and Anthony E. Lang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:459
  36. Interleukin-6-receptor inhibitors like Tocilizumab and Satralizumab are showing promising results in the treatment of Neuromyelitis Optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). We aimed to investigate the efficacy and sa...

    Authors: Sanjeev Kharel, Suraj Shrestha, Rajeev Ojha, Neha Guragain and Rakesh Ghimire
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:458
  37. Primary orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare movement disorder characterized by a 13–18 Hz leg tremor, which arises when standing and is relieved by walking/sitting. Those affected generally do not fall, but expe...

    Authors: Nicholas E. Calvo and Joseph M. Ferrara
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:457
  38. This study aimed to assess the prognostic value regarding neurologic outcome of CT neuroimaging based Gray-White-Matter-Ratio measurement in patients after resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

    Authors: Konrad Kirsch, Stefan Heymel, Albrecht Günther, Kathleen Vahl, Thorsten Schmidt, Dominik Michalski, Michael Fritzenwanger, Paul Christian Schulze and Rüdiger Pfeifer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:456
  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Man Chen, Jinghuan Fang, Xintong Wu, Qin Liu, Ling Feng and Li He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:455

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2021 21:365

  40. Anaemia has been reported to be associated with cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the associations between anaemia and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD biomarkers are still unknown. This study ai...

    Authors: Xin-Yu Yang, Xiao-He Hou, Yan-Lin Bi, Hao Hu, Xi-Peng Cao, Lan Tan, Jiu-Long Yang and Jin-Tai Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:454
  41. It remains a matter of debate whether traditional concepts regarding the nature of food affect the development and progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).To date, there are limited studies that have investigat...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Sharifi, Parisa Keshani, Alireza Salehi, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Zahra Mirzaei and Alireza Nikseresht
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:453
  42. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), began in late 2019. One of the vaccines approved against COVID-19 is the BNT162b2 mRNA ...

    Authors: Yamato Nishiguchi, Hirofumi Matsuyama, Kuniko Maeda, Akihiro Shindo and Hidekazu Tomimoto
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:452
  43. The diagnosis of neurosyphilis is challenging due to the requirement of a lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory tests. Therefore, a convenient diagnostic nomogram for neurosyphilis is warran...

    Authors: Wenjing Ge, Yang Zhang, Chao Peng, Dongdong Li, Lijie Gao, Jiajia Bao, Changling Li, Ning Chen, Dong Zhou and Li He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:451
  44. Non-progressive dysarthria is an acquired motor speech disorder resulting from neurological diseases such as stroke and traumatic brain injury. The evidence base for the assessment of non-progressive dysarthri...

    Authors: Marwa Summaka, Hayat Harati, Salem Hannoun, Hiba Zein, Nour Koubaisy, Youssef Fares and Zeina Nasser
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:450
  45. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is an important disease leading to morbidity, disability and mortality that primarily affects children and immune-depressed patients. Specific neuromarkers predicting outcomes, sev...

    Authors: Giacomo Stroffolini, Giulia Guastamacchia, Sabrina Audagnotto, Cristiana Atzori, Mattia Trunfio, Marco Nigra, Alessandro Di Stefano, Giovanni Di Perri and Andrea Calcagno
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2021 21:449

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