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  1. The association between intracranial artery calcification (IAC) and the risk of ischemic stroke occurrence or poor prognosis had not yet been fully understood. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis of ex...

    Authors: Xuelong Li, Heng Du, Jia Li and Xiangyan Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:21
  2. NEUROG1 gene is yet to be associated with a set of human phenotypes in the OMIM database. Three cases have previously been diagnosed with cranial dysinnervation due to biallelic variants in the NEUROG1 gene. This...

    Authors: Frenny Sheth, Jhanvi Shah, Ketan Patel, Darshan Patel, Deepika Jain, Jayesh Sheth and Harsh Sheth
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:20
  3. Do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) decisions for patients with infratentorial or large supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs) pose clinical and ethical challenges. We aimed to investigate factors ass...

    Authors: Amanda Soomägi, Adam Viktorisson and Katharina S. Sunnerhagen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:19
  4. Measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) provides a rapid, safe, and easy method for detecting increased intracranial pressure (ICP). However, the normal mean and upper limit values may vary accor...

    Authors: Guillermo Trocha, Andrés Bonilla, Camilo Romero, Jonathan Palacios and Nicolas Molano-Gonzalez
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:16
  5. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease and is clinically characterized by a series of motor symptoms (MS) and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). NMS often appear before MS, while cognitive impairment mo...

    Authors: Zhiguang Chen, Wei Zhang, Wen He, Yang Guang, Tengfei Yu, Yue Du and Rui Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:15
  6. Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is commonly used to inhibit pathological hyperactivity of the auditory cortex in tinnitus. Novel and supposedly superior and faster inhibitory ...

    Authors: Stefan Schoisswohl, Berthold Langguth, Franziska C. Weber, Mohamed A. Abdelnaim, Tobias Hebel and Martin Schecklmann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:14
  7. Carotid vulnerable plaque is an important risk factor for stroke occurrence and recurrence. However, the relationship between risk parameters related to carotid vulnerable plaque (plaque size, echogenicity, in...

    Authors: Linggang Cheng, Shuai Zheng, Jinghan Zhang, Fumin Wang, Xinyao Liu, Lin Zhang, Zhiguang Chen, Ye Cheng, Wei Zhang, Yi Li and Wen He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:13
  8. Granulomatous hypophysitis is a rare disease that presents with chronic inflammation of the pituitary gland. In this study, we reported a case of granulomatous hypophysitis associated with a pituitary abscess.

    Authors: Mohammad Mahdi Rabiei, Kaveh Ebrahimzadeh, Zahra Davoudi, Farahnaz Bidari Zerehpoosh, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh, Roghayeh Sedaghati, Legha Lotfollahi, Fatemeh Kalhor and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:11
  9. We investigated the influence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the number of patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy (ITT) in Dalian, China, in 2...

    Authors: Xin Pan, Shubei Ma, Xiaowen Sui, Lili Xie, Furong Li, Zhengping Cheng, Li Cui and Hongling Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:10
  10. Glioblastoma (GBM) infrequently recurs in the infratentorial region. Such Infratentorial recurrence (ITR) has some clinically unique characteristics, such as presenting unspecific symptoms and providing patien...

    Authors: Daisuke Kawauchi, Makoto Ohno, Mai Honda-Kitahara, Yasuji Miyakita, Masamichi Takahashi, Shunsuke Yanagisawa, Yukie Tamura, Miyu Kikuchi, Koichi Ichimura and Yoshitaka Narita
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:9
  11. The Chronic Headache Education and Self-Management Study (CHESS) multicentre randomised trial evaluated the impact a group education and self-management support intervention with a best usual care plus relaxat...

    Authors: David R. Ellard, Vivien P. Nichols, Frances E. Griffiths, Martin Underwood and Stephanie J. C. Taylor
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:8
  12. Cytokine levels have been measured in acute encephalopathy (AE) to determine its pathology or as a diagnostic biomarker to distinguish it from febrile seizures (FS); however, the dynamics of cytokine level cha...

    Authors: Kazumi Tomioka, Masahiro Nishiyama, Shoichi Tokumoto, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Kazunori Aoki, Yusuke Seino, Daisaku Toyoshima, Hiroshi Kurosawa, Hiroko Tada, Hiroshi Sakuma, Kandai Nozu, Azusa Maruyama, Ryojiro Tanaka, Kazumoto Iijima and Hiroaki Nagase
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:7
  13. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common subtype of stroke, with high mortality and morbidity. At present, there are no effective 6-month prognostic markers, particularly for younger patients. ...

    Authors: Yuyan Yang, Shanshan Huang, Yuchao Jia, Guini Song, Xiaodong Ye, Kai Lu, Guo Li, Furong Wang and Suiqiang Zhu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:6
  14. The treatment of vasospasms during endovascular stroke treatment (EST) with intra-arterial nimodipine (NM) is routinely performed. However, the efficacy of resolving iatrogenic vasospasms during the angiograph...

    Authors: Jessica Jesser, Arne Potreck, Dominik Vollherbst, Fatih Seker, Min Chen, Silvia Schönenberger, Thuy D. Do, Martin Bendszus, Markus A. Möhlenbruch and Charlotte S. Weyland
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:5
  15. The majority of postoperative complications of tonsillectomy are bleeding. However, massive cerebral infarction following haemostasis is a very rare and serious complication and has rarely been reported clinic...

    Authors: Jinghao Zhao, Yubo Lei, Na Hu, Lang Xia, Liyang Zeng, Yongheng Zhang and Wei Qin
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:4
  16. Mild cognitive impairment is an age-dependent pre-dementia state caused by varied reasons. Early detection of MCI helps handle dementia. Vascular factors are vital for the occurrence of MCI. This study investi...

    Authors: Xiuqi Chen, Yufan Luo, Shufan Zhang, Xiaoli Yang, Zhiyuan Dong, Yilin Wang and Danhong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:3
  17. Although of high individual and socioeconomic relevance, a reliable prediction model for the prognosis of juvenile stroke (18–55 years) is missing. Therefore, the study presented in this protocol aims to prosp...

    Authors: Sonja Schönecker, Verena Hoffmann, Fady Albashiti, Reinhard Thasler, Marlien Hagedorn, Marie-Luise Louiset, Anna Kopczak, Jennifer Rösler, Enayatullah Baki, Silke Wunderlich, Florian Kohlmayer, Klaus Kuhn, Martin Boeker, Johannes Tünnerhoff, Sven Poli, Ulf Ziemann…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:2
  18. Troponin elevation is common in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. The pathomechanisms involved are incompletely understood and comprise coronary and non-coronary causes, e.g. autonomic dysfunction. We investigate...

    Authors: Felipe A. Montellano, Elisabeth J. Kluter, Viktoria Rücker, Kathrin Ungethüm, Daniel Mackenrodt, Silke Wiedmann, Tassilo Dege, Anika Quilitzsch, Caroline Morbach, Stefan Frantz, Stefan Störk, Karl Georg Haeusler, Christoph Kleinschnitz and Peter U. Heuschmann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:511
  19. TMS is being used to aid in the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) illnesses. It is useful in planning rehabilitation programs and setting appropriate goals for patients. We used a parabolic coil with b...

    Authors: Pimthong Jitsakulchaidej, Pakorn Wivatvongvana and Kittipong Kitisak
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:510
  20. The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is used as a quick-to-conduct test for the diagnosis of dementia and a screening tool for cognitive impairments in neurological disorders. However, the association between the patt...

    Authors: Raheleh Heyrani, Atiye Sarabi-Jamab, Jordan Grafman, Nesa Asadi, Sarvenaz Soltani, Fatemeh Sadat Mirfazeli, Mostafa Almasi-Dooghaei, Seyed Vahid Shariat, Amin Jahanbakhshi, Tara Khoeini and Mohammad Taghi Joghataei
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:509
  21. Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare, immune-mediated neurological disorder. In adults, the pathogenesis can be idiopathic, post-infectious or paraneoplastic, the latter etiology belonging to the ever...

    Authors: Raphael Reinecke, Annemarie Reiländer, Alexander Seiler, Christine Koch and Martin Voss
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:507
  22. Community-based exercise is a continuation and complement to inpatient rehabilitation for Parkinson's disease and does not require a professional physical therapist or equipment. The effects, parameters, and f...

    Authors: Chun-Lan Yang, Jia-Peng Huang, Ting-Ting Wang, Ying-Chao Tan, Yin Chen, Zi-Qi Zhao, Chao-Hua Qu and Yun Qu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:505
  23. Approximately 60% of patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) exhibit secondary acute symptomatic seizures and showed highly sensitive to immunotherapy. However, it is difficult for many patients to receive ...

    Authors: Xiangsong Shi, Weiwei Cai, Xiulin Zhang, Heyue Pan, Chengbing Huang, Shouyong Wang and Jianyang Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:503
  24. Little is known about the self-perceived level of disability of stroke survivors in the community. We aimed to characterise Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 1 year after stroke and investigate how sociod...

    Authors: Hey Jean Lee, Jung-Kook Song, Jiyoung Moon, Keonyeop Kim, Hyeung-Keun Park, Gil-Won Kang, Jun-Ho Shin, Jongsoo Kang, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Hye Seon Jeong, Lee Heeyoung, Won Kyung Lee, Seongheon Kim and Young-Kwon Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:501
  25. Amyloid-β-related angiitis (ABRA) is a rare complication of cerebral amyloid angiopathy, characterized by amyloid-β deposition in the leptomeningeal and cortical vessels with associated angiodestructive granul...

    Authors: Zita Reisz, Claire Troakes, Laszlo K. Sztriha and Istvan Bodi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:500
  26. Authors: Dominik Stelzle, Joyce Kaducu, Veronika Schmidt, Tamara M. Welte, Bernard J. Ngowi, William Matuja, Gabrielle Escheu, Peter Hauke, Vivien Richter, Emilio Ovuga, Bettina Pfausler, Erich Schmutzhard, Action Amos, Wendy Harrison, Luise Keller and Andrea S. Winkler
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:499

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2022 22:321

  27. The MRI features of Diffuse midline glioma, H3 K27-altered and glioma in the midline without H3 K27-altered were compared and analyzed, and the changes in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the two gr...

    Authors: Ji-ping Zhao, Xue-jun Liu, Hao-zhi Lin, Chun-xiao Cui, Ying-jie Yue, Song Gao and Hong-zhang Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:498
  28. The efficacy of recanalization treatment in patients with ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) is highly time dependent. We aimed to investigate the effects of an optimization of prehospital and...

    Authors: Stefan Krebs, Julia Ferrari, Alice Schürer, Astrid Chiari, Christian Neumann, Wilfried Lang and Marek Sykora
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:497
  29. Authors: Abid Malik, Brian Drumm, Lucio D’Anna, Isabelle Brooks, Benjamin Low, Oishik Raha, Khawar Shabbir, Orsolya Vittay, Joseph Kwan, Zoe Brown, Omid Halse, Sohaa Jamil, Dheeraj Kalladka, Marius Venter, Harri Jenkins, Neil Rane…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:496

    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2022 22:415

  30. Hospital arrival time after acute ischemic stroke onset is the major factor limiting the eligibility of patients to receive intravenous thrombolysis. Shortening the prehospital delay is crucial to reducing mor...

    Authors: Hiba Kamal, Sara Assaf, Mayssan Kabalan, Raneem El Maissi, Dima Salhab, Deema Rahme and Nathalie Lahoud
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:494
  31. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare disease characterized by reversible subcortical vasogenic brain edema. Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a frequent neurological au...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Lei Guo, Xu Yang and Nengwei Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:493
  32. For patients presenting with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The REACT study is designed to assess the safety an...

    Authors: Nicolas Bruder, Randall Higashida, Hugues Santin-Janin, Cécile Dubois, E. François Aldrich, Angelina Marr, Sébastien Roux and Stephan A. Mayer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:492
  33. Lysine(K)-specific demethylase 5C (KDM5C) dysfunction causes X-linked syndromic intellectual developmental disorder Claes-Jensen type in male patients. The clinical presentations of female individuals with het...

    Authors: Ruiyun Shen, Yanyang Li, Aiming Liang, Shijie Li, Chenlu Yang and Hongmei Huang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:491
  34. Health-promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLBs) have a significant impact on disease management among people with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significant...

    Authors: Soheileddin Salmani, Seyyed Hossein Mousavi, Samira Navardi, Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh and Shahzad Pashaeypoor
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:490
  35. The definition of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is broadly accepted as acute sensorineural hearing loss of more than 30 dB over at least three consecutive frequencies in a pure-tone audiogram (PTA)...

    Authors: Young Seo Kim, Ali S. Saber Tehrani and Hak Seung Lee
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:489
  36. Intracranial aneurysms (ICA) rarely occur in children under 3 years of age. Little is known for neuroimaging parameters that predict survival and clinical outcomes of patients with ICA in early childhood.

    Authors: Kenichi Tetsuhara, Noriyuki Kaku, Koichi Arimura, Yasunari Sakai and Shouichi Ohga
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:488
  37. Neurological symptoms and radiographic abnormalities may remain in a small proportion of patients with metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE). Although experimental animal models of MIE have suggested a We...

    Authors: Yasuo Miki, Yuki Takeuchi, Shingo Murasawa, Shinobu Takayasu, Fumiyasu Tsushima, Shingo Kakeda, Hiroki Mizukami and Koichi Wakabayashi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:485
  38. What combination of risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are most predictive of cognitive decline in cognitively unimpaired individuals remains largely unclear. We studied associations between APOE genotype,...

    Authors: Jori Tomassen, Anouk den Braber, Sven J. van der Lee, Lianne M. Reus, Elles Konijnenberg, Stephen F. Carter, Maqsood Yaqub, Bart N.M. van Berckel, Lyduine E. Collij, Dorret I. Boomsma, Eco J.C. de Geus, Philip Scheltens, Karl Herholz, Betty M. Tijms and Pieter Jelle Visser
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:484
  39. We report a case of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), who developed after the pembrolizumab treatment, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, against lung adenocarcinoma. The present case is discussed ...

    Authors: Shigeki Hirano, Akira Kojima, Yoko Nakayama, Takahiro Takeda, Takashi Kishimoto, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Satoshi Kuwabara and Masahiro Mori
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:483

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