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  1. Content type: Research article

    Conditioned pain modulation (CPM) evaluates the pain modulating effect of a noxious conditioning stimulus (CS) on another noxious test stimulus (TS), mostly based solely on subjective pain ratings. We used pai...

    Authors: Oliver Höffken, Özüm S. Özgül, Elena K. Enax-Krumova, Martin Tegenthoff and Christoph Maier

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:167

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Whether there are differences in pathogenesis among different types and subtypes of cerebral watershed infarction (WSI) is controversial since they have been combined into a single group in most previous studies.

    Authors: Yue Li, Man Li, Xiaoyu Zhang, Shuna Yang, Huimin Fan, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Junliang Yuan and Wenli Hu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:166

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Neuropathy is one of the major complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our first aim was to determine the clinical characteristics of a population of diabetic patients with different types of neuropathy. Ou...

    Authors: Angélica Carbajal-Ramírez, Rebeca García-Macedo, Carlos Manlio Díaz-García, Carmen Sanchez-Soto, Araceli Méndez Padrón, Jorge Escobedo de la Peña, Miguel Cruz and Marcia Hiriart

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:161

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  4. Content type: Debate

    Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is characterized by the deposition of ß-amyloid peptides (Aß) in and surrounding the wall of microvasculature in the central nervous system, together with parenchymal amyloid ...

    Authors: Jian-Ming Li, Li-Ling Huang, Fei Liu, Bei-Sha Tang and Xiao-Xin Yan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:163

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Acute autonomic neuropathy (AAN) is rare disorder with anecdotal report, especially for childhood onset patients. Misdiagnosis or delays in treatment can always be found in clinical practice. We conducted this...

    Authors: Ling-Yu Pang, Chang-Hong Ding, Yang-Yang Wang, Li-Ying Liu, Qiao-Jun Li and Li-Ping Zou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:164

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Non-traumatic, spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs in approximately 85% of cases where there is a ruptured saccular aneurysm. An additional 10% of cases arise from non-aneurysmal peri-mesencephalic hemo...

    Authors: Anna Misyail Abdul Rashid and Mohamad Syafeeq Faeez Md Noh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:165

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The insular cortex is not routinely removed in modified functional hemispherectomy due to the risk of injury to the main arteries and to deep structures. Our study evaluates the safety and usefulness of applyi...

    Authors: Gun-Ha Kim, Joo Hee Seo, James E. Baumgartner, Fatima Ajmal and Ki Hyeong Lee

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:162

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease with a wide range of symptoms including walking impairment and neuropathic pain mainly represented by mechanical allodynia. Noteworthy, exercise preconditioni...

    Authors: Danielle Bernardes and Alexandre Leite Rodrigues Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:160

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Standard echocardiography (SE) is an essential part of the routine diagnostic work-up after ischemic stroke (IS) and also serves for research purposes. However, access to SE is often limited. We aimed to asses...

    Authors: Peter Kraft, Anna Fleischer, Silke Wiedmann, Viktoria Rücker, Daniel Mackenrodt, Caroline Morbach, Uwe Malzahn, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Stefan Störk and Peter U. Heuschmann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:159

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have identified various treatment and patient characteristics that may be associated with higher hospital cost after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH); a devastating type of stroke. P...

    Authors: Adrian V. Specogna, Tanvir C. Turin, Scott B. Patten and Michael D. Hill

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:158

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving long-term, subcutaneous interferon β-1b (IFN β-1b; Extavia®) often experience injection-site reactions and injection-site pain, which together with other side-ef...

    Authors: Frank A. Hoffmann, Anastasiya Trenova, Miguel A. Llaneza, Johannes Fischer, Giacomo Lus, Dorothea von Bredow, Núria Lara, Elaine Lam, Marlies Van Hoef and Rajesh Bakshi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:156

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) causes cerebral infarction, typically, lacunar infarction in the basal ganglia. However, massive cerebral infarction leading to death is rare and its pathophysiology is un...

    Authors: Yoshiteru Shimoda, Satoru Ohtomo, Hiroaki Arai, Takashi Ohtoh and Teiji Tominaga

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:157

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and cancer has long been investigated with conflicting results. Several reports suggest an increased cancer risk among MS patients treated with immunosuppressant...

    Authors: Paolo Ragonese, Paolo Aridon, Giulia Vazzoler, Maria Antonietta Mazzola, Vincenzina Lo Re, Marianna Lo Re, Sabrina Realmuto, Simona Alessi, Marco D’Amelio, Giovanni Savettieri and Giuseppe Salemi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:155

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Bi-allelic mutations in the genes Parkin (PARK2), PINK1 (PARK6) and DJ-1 (PARK7) are established causes of autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson’s Disease (EOPD). PINK1 mutations are the second commonest caus...

    Authors: Brendan P. Norman, Steven J. Lubbe, Manuela Tan, Naomi Warren and Huw R. Morris

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:153

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Uremic Encephalopathy (UE) is a neurological complication associated with acute or chronic renal failure. Imaging findings of UE may present involvement of the basal ganglia, cortical or subcortical regions, a...

    Authors: Li-jing Jia, Zhen-zhen Qu, Xue-qian Zhang, Yu-juan Tian and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:154

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant disorder, typically characterized by chorea due to a trinucleotide repeat expansion in the HTT gene, although the clinical manifestations of patients with juv...

    Authors: Shi-Shuang Cui, Ru-Jing Ren, Ying Wang, Gang Wang and Sheng-Di Chen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:152

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Evidence on the use of fingolimod in real-world clinical practice and data on patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in countries such as the Middle East are sparse. The Prospective Evaluation...

    Authors: Anat Achiron, Hany Aref, Jihad Inshasi, Mohamad Harb, Raed Alroughani, Mahendra Bijarnia, Kathryn Cooke and Ozgur Yuksel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:150

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In multiple sclerosis (MS), neurological disability results from incomplete remission of relapses and from relapse-independent progression. Intravenous high dose methylprednisolone (IVMP) is the established st...

    Authors: Muriel Stoppe, Maria Busch, Luise Krizek and Florian Then Bergh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:151

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) are often observed with magnetic resonance imaging in patients with small vessel disease. However, the risk factors, radiological features, and clinical relevance of EPVS in...

    Authors: Tomoyoshi Kuribara, Takeshi Mikami, Katsuya Komatsu, Hime Suzuki, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Kiyohiro Houkin and Nobuhiro Mikuni

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:149

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has recently been reported to be effective for truncal postural abnormalities such as camptocormia and Pisa syndrome in Parkinson’s disease. In this case report, we describe a cas...

    Authors: Hisanao Akiyama, Saki Nukui, Masashi Akamatu, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Osamu Nishikido and Soichiro Inoue

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:148

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Lumbar puncture is often used for the diagnosis and treatment of subarchnoid hemorrhage, infection of Cerebro-spinal Fluid (CSF), hydrocephalus in neurosurgery department patients. It is general that paradoxic...

    Authors: Liang Shen, Sheng Qiu, Zhongzhou Su, Xudong Ma and Renfu Yan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:147

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) represents first neurological symptoms suggestive of demyelinating lesion in the central nervous system (CNS). Currently, there are no sufficient immunological or genetic mar...

    Authors: Helena Posová, Dana Horáková, Václav Čapek, Tomáš Uher, Zdenka Hrušková and Eva Havrdová

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:145

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The causes of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) vary according to the dementia subtype and associated neuropathology. The present study aimed to (i) compare BPSD between patients with su...

    Authors: Min-Chien Tu, Wen-Hui Huang, Yen-Hsuan Hsu, Chung-Ping Lo, Jie Fu Deng and Ching-Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:144

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2017 17:189

  24. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with Cerebral Palsy (CP) present with sensorimotor dysfunction which make the control and execution of movements difficult. This study aimed to verify the speed-accuracy trade-off in individuals wi...

    Authors: Deborah Cristina Gonçalves Luiz Fernani, Maria Tereza Artero Prado, Talita Dias da Silva, Thais Massetti, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Henrique Magalhães, Helen Dawes and Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:143

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Post-traumatic Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rarely described potentially life-threatening cause of weakness. We sought to elucidate the clinical features and electrophysiological patterns of post-traumat...

    Authors: Xiaowen Li, Jinting Xiao, Yanan Ding, Jing Xu, Chuanxia Li, Yating He, Hui Zhai, Bingdi Xie and Junwei Hao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:142

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Wilson’s disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism resulting in multifaceted neurological, hepatic, and psychiatric symptoms. The objective of the study was to comparatively assess t...

    Authors: Hanna M. Volpert, Jan Pfeiffenberger, Jan B. Gröner, Wolfgang Stremmel, Daniel N. Gotthardt, Mark Schäfer, Karl Heinz Weiss and Markus Weiler

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:140

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was adapted by individual countries according to their languages and cultures, though it has not been systematically compared. The objective of this study was to compar...

    Authors: Yong S. Shim, Dong Won Yang, Hee-Jin Kim, Young Ho Park and SangYun Kim

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:141

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Circulating levels of melatonin in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been determined in a little number of studies with small sample size (highest sample size of 37 patients) and only were report...

    Authors: Leonardo Lorente, María M. Martín, Pedro Abreu-González, Antonia Pérez-Cejas, Luis Ramos, Mónica Argueso, Jordi Solé-Violán, Juan J. Cáceres, Alejandro Jiménez and Victor García-Marín

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:138

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for extracranial carotid artery stenosis (ECAS) and intracranial carotid artery stenosis (ICAS) simultaneously in asymptomatic Chinese pur...

    Authors: Haiqiang Jin, Qing Peng, Ding Nan, Pu Lv, Ran Liu, Wei Sun, Yuming Teng, Yuanyuan Liu, Chenghe Fan, Haiying Xing, Ke Xu and Yining Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:136

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Parasomnia overlap disorder (POD) is a distinct parasomnia and characterized by concomitant manifestation of rapid-eye-movement (REM)- and non-REM (NREM)-parasomnias. Although not uncommon among patients with ...

    Authors: Panagiotis Bargiotas, Julia Muellner, W.M. Michael Schuepbach and Claudio L. Bassetti

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:137

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients discharged home after stroke face significant challenges managing residual neurological deficits, secondary prevention, and pre-existing chronic conditions. Post-discharge care is often fragmented lea...

    Authors: Pamela W. Duncan, Cheryl D. Bushnell, Wayne D. Rosamond, Sara B. Jones Berkeley, Sabina B. Gesell, Ralph B. D’Agostino Jr, Walter T. Ambrosius, Blair Barton-Percival, Janet Prvu Bettger, Sylvia W. Coleman, Doyle M. Cummings, Janet K. Freburger, Jacqueline Halladay, Anna M. Johnson, Anna M. Kucharska-Newton, Gladys Lundy-Lamm…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:133

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Basilar artery branch atheromatous disease (BABAD), in which basilar artery atheroma occludes penetrating arteries at their origin, is a common etiology of posterior circulation stroke (PCS). It is currently u...

    Authors: Po-Chen Lin, Feng-Chi Chang, Hui-Chi Huang, Jui-Yao Tsai, Yung-Yang Lin and Chih-Ping Chung

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:135

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The impact of comorbidity on multiple sclerosis (MS) is a new area of interest. Limited data on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is currently available. The aim of this study was to estimate the p...

    Authors: Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Elena Ruíz-Beato, Ruth Navarro-Artieda and Jorge Maurino

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:134

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mortality among stroke patients and the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program on stroke patients.

    Authors: Belma Doğan Güngen, Abdulkadir Tunç, Yeşim Güzey Aras, Aslı Aksoy Gündoğdu, Adil Can Güngen and Serdar Bal

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:132

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Intracranial post-operative re-haemorrhage is an important complication in patients with hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of the compute...

    Authors: Guofeng Wu, Zhengkui Shen, Likun Wang, Shujie Sun, Jinbiao Luo and Yuanhong Mao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:131

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are demyelinating autoimmune diseases in the central nervous system (CNS) that are characterized by a high relapse rate and the presence of anti-aquaporin 4 anti...

    Authors: Xindi Li, Shenghui Mei, Xiaoqing Gong, Heng Zhou, Li Yang, Anna Zhou, Yonghong Liu, Xingang Li, Zhigang Zhao and Xinghu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:130

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Delivery of therapeutic agents as erythropoietin (EPO) into Central Nervous System through intranasal route could benefit patients with neurological disorders. A new nasal formulation containing a non-hematopo...

    Authors: Orestes Santos-Morales, Alina Díaz-Machado, Daise Jiménez-Rodríguez, Yaisel Pomares-Iturralde, Tatiana Festary-Casanovas, Carlos A. González-Delgado, Sonia Pérez-Rodríguez, Eulalia Alfonso-Muñoz, Carmen Viada-González, Patricia Piedra-Sierra, Idrian García-García, Daniel Amaro-González, Julio César García-Rodríguez, Iliana Sosa-Testé, Alicia Lagarto-Parra, Laura Barrero-Viera…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:129

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Parkinson’s disease is complicated by comorbidity and polypharmacy, but the extent and patterns of these are unclear. We describe comorbidity and polypharmacy in patients with and without Parkinson’s disease a...

    Authors: Gary McLean, John V. Hindle, Bruce Guthrie and Stewart W. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:126

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Chronic immune sensory polyradiculopathy (CISP) identifies a progressive acquired peripheral dysimmune neuropathy recognized as a chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) variant. We de...

    Authors: Angelo Maurizio Clerici, Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Marco Mauri, Federico Sergio Squellati and Giorgio Giovanni Bono

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:127

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Vitamin K inhibitors (e.g. warfarin) and indirect thrombin inhibitors (e.g. heparin) are widely used to prevent thromboembolic disorders (e.g. myocardial infarction, venous thromboembolism, and stroke). These ...

    Authors: Hyun Goo Kang, Seung Jae Lee, Ji Yeon Chung and Jin Sung Cheong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:124

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  41. Content type: Research article

    There are marked ethnic differences in the susceptibility to the long-term diabetic vascular complications including sensory neuropathy. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 (C/G) and −460 (T/C) ...

    Authors: Karima Zitouni, Lorna Tinworth and Kenneth Anthony Earle

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:125

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder characterized by multiple affected systems. More than half of SLE patients will suffer from neuropsychiatric lupus erythematosus (NPSLE...

    Authors: Bolin Hu, Pengcheng Wu, Yibiao Zhou, Yan Peng, Xiaoping Tang, Weijiang Ding, Ming Zhang and Xueliang Qi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:123

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence has shown that cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. However, it is not clear about the potential mechanisms through which cigarette smoking affects stroke ri...

    Authors: Ruijun Ji, Yuesong Pan, Hongyi Yan, Runhua Zhang, Gaifen Liu, Penglian Wang, Yilong Wang, Hao Li, Xingquan Zhao and Yongjun Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:120

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  44. Content type: Database

    Although International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD9-CM) coding is the basis of administrative claims data, no study has validated an ICD9-CM algorithm to identify patient...

    Authors: Hormuzdiyar H. Dasenbrock, David J. Cote, Yuri Pompeu, Viren S. Vasudeva, Timothy R. Smith and William B. Gormley

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:121

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent exercise guidelines for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) recommend a minimum of 30 min moderate intensity aerobic exercise and resistance exercise twice per week. This trial compared the secondary ou...

    Authors: Susan Coote, Marcin Uszynski, Matthew P. Herring, Sara Hayes, Carl Scarrott, John Newell, Stephen Gallagher, Aidan Larkin and Robert W Motl

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:119

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Camptocormia is severe flexion of the thoracolumbar spine, exaggerated during standing and walking but minimized in supine position. Even though camptocormia is a relatively common condition during the course ...

    Authors: Yoon Kim, Ahro Kim, Aryun Kim and Beomseok Jeon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:118

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