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  1. Content type: Case report

    Camptocormia is severe flexion of the thoracolumbar spine, exaggerated during standing and walking but minimized in supine position. Even though camptocormia is a relatively common condition during the course ...

    Authors: Yoon Kim, Ahro Kim, Aryun Kim and Beomseok Jeon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:118

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There are considerable phenotypic and neuroimmune overlaps between myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) and multiple sclerosis (MS). While the precise aetiologies of both MS and ME/CFS a...

    Authors: Vageesh Jain, Amit Arunkumar, Caroline Kingdon, Eliana Lacerda and Luis Nacul

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:117

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Epilepsy is a serious and costly long-term condition that negatively affects quality of life, especially if seizures persist on medication. Studies show that people with epilepsy (PWE) want to learn more about...

    Authors: Amelia Smith, Alison McKinlay, Gabriella Wojewodka and Leone Ridsdale

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:114

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    For some stroke patients and caregivers, navigating the transition between hospital discharge and returning home is associated with substantial psychosocial and health-related challenges. Currently, no evidenc...

    Authors: Mathew J. Reeves, Anne K. Hughes, Amanda T. Woodward, Paul P. Freddolino, Constantinos K. Coursaris, Sarah J. Swierenga, Lee H. Schwamm and Michele C. Fritz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:115

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor disabilities in children and young adults and it is also often associated with cognitive and physiological challenges. Climbing requires a multifaceted rep...

    Authors: Mark Schram Christensen, Thor Jensen, Camilla B. Voigt, Jens Bo Nielsen and Jakob Lorentzen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:112

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) for refractory epilepsy is well established. Trigeminal neuralgia itself is a common disease in adults, and thus, late-onset pain in the trigeminal region under VNS, which is extr...

    Authors: Gabriela Timarova and Andrej Šteňo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:113

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  7. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected persons with detectable cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) in blood have increased morbidity and mortality compared with HIV-infected persons who are CrAg-negative. This study examined neurocognitive fun...

    Authors: Martha P. Montgomery, Noeline Nakasujja, Bozena M. Morawski, Radha Rajasingham, Joshua Rhein, Elizabeth Nalintya, Darlisha A. Williams, Kathy Huppler Hullsiek, Agnes Kiragga, Melissa A. Rolfes, Renee Donahue Carlson, Nathan C. Bahr, Kate E. Birkenkamp, Yukari C. Manabe, Paul R. Bohjanen, Jonathan E. Kaplan…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:110

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Constraint-Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) is shown to reduce disability, increase use of the more affected arm/hand, and promote brain plasticity for individuals with upper extremity hemiparesis post-st...

    Authors: Lynne V. Gauthier, Chelsea Kane, Alexandra Borstad, Nancy Strahl, Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, David Morris, Alli Hall, Melissa Arakelian and Victor Mark

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:109

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Seronegative ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) is diagnosed by ocular symptoms with supporting SFEMG, typically of frontalis or extensor digitorum muscles. We aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of...

    Authors: Goran Rakocevic, Mark Moster and Mary Kay Floeter

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:108

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although the most serious consequence of neuronal ischemia is acute neuronal death, mounting evidence suggests similarities between stroke and neurodegenerative disease. Brain atrophy visualized on structural ...

    Authors: Hege Ihle-Hansen, Guri Hagberg, Brynjar Fure, Bente Thommessen, Morten W. Fagerland, Anne R. Øksengård, Knut Engedal and Per Selnes

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:107

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Administrative healthcare claims data provide a mechanism for assessing and monitoring multiple sclerosis (MS) disease status across large, clinically representative “real-world” populations. The estimation of...

    Authors: Michael Munsell, Molly Frean, Joseph Menzin and Amy L. Phillips

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:106

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by the PRNP D178N/129 M mutation. Routine brain CT and MRI usually reveal non-specific features. We report a patient with FFI presentin...

    Authors: Tingting Lu, Yuhang Pan, Lisheng Peng, Feng Qin, Xiaobo Sun, Zhengqi Lu and Wei Qiu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:104

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a rare clinico-radiological entity characterized by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding of a reversible lesion in the corpus ...

    Authors: Junliang Yuan, Shuna Yang, Shuangkun Wang, Wei Qin, Lei Yang and Wenli Hu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:103

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a heterogeneous entity with multiple aetiologies, all linked to underlying vascular disease. Among these, VCI related to subcortical small vessel disease (SSVD) is emergi...

    Authors: A. Wallin, E. Kapaki, M. Boban, S. Engelborghs, D. M. Hermann, B. Huisa, M. Jonsson, M. G. Kramberger, L. Lossi, B. Malojcic, S. Mehrabian, A. Merighi, E. B. Mukaetova-Ladinska, G. P. Paraskevas, B. O. Popescu, R. Ravid…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:102

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  15. Content type: Research article

    It is a common belief in medical community that lunar phases have an impact on human health. A growing body of evidence indicates that lunar phases can predict the risk to develop acute neurological and vascul...

    Authors: Adomas Bunevicius, Agne Gendvilaite, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva and Arimantas Tamasauskas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:99

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Aggressively lowering blood pressure (BP) in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) may improve outcome. Although there is no evidence that BP reduction changes cerebral blood flow, retrospective magnetic resona...

    Authors: Laura Gioia, Ana Klahr, Mahesh Kate, Brian Buck, Dariush Dowlatshahi, Thomas Jeerakathil, Derek Emery and Kenneth Butcher

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:100

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for early neurological deterioration (END) in acute ischemic stroke. The prothrombotic protein fibrinogen is frequently elevated in patients with diabetes, and may be as...

    Authors: Seong-Joon Lee, Ji Man Hong, Sung Eun Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Bruce Ovbiagele, Andrew M. Demchuk and Jin Soo Lee

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:101

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Impulse control and related disorders (ICRDs) are clinically complications in Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the clinical characteristics of ICRDs in Chinese PD patients were rarely reported. We aimed to e...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, An qi He, Lin Li, Wei Chen and Zhen guo Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:98

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 2, MT-CO2, encodes one of the three subunits, which form the catalytic core of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), complex IV. Mutations in MT-CO2 are rare a...

    Authors: Laura Kytövuori, Mikko Kärppä, Hannu Tuominen, Johanna Uusimaa, Markku Saari, Reetta Hinttala and Kari Majamaa

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:96

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Migraine is included in the top-ten disabling diseases and conditions among the Western populations. Non-invasive neurostimulation, including the Cefaly® device, for the treatment of various types of pain is a...

    Authors: Michail Vikelis, Emmanouil V. Dermitzakis, Konstantinos C. Spingos, Georgios G. Vasiliadis, George S. Vlachos and Evaggelia Kararizou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:97

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Most people are initially infected with varicella zoster virus (VZV) at a young age and this infection results in chickenpox. VZV then becomes latent and reactivates later in life resulting in herpes zoster (H...

    Authors: Crystal Stinson, Mohong Deng, Michael B Yee, Larry L. Bellinger, Paul R. Kinchington and Phillip R. Kramer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:95

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. ...

    Authors: Robert Simpson, Frances S. Mair and Stewart W. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:94

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) appears several months following allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and is clinically analogous to autoimmune disorder. Polymyositis is a common n...

    Authors: Masahiko Fukatsu, Takenobu Murakami, Hiroshi Ohkawara, Shunichi Saito, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Suguru Kadowaki, Itaru Sasaki, Mari Segawa, Tomoko Soeda, Akihiko Hoshi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Akiko Shichishima-Nakamura, Kazuei Ogawa, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hitoshi Ohto, Yasuchika Takeishi…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:93

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To analyze voxel-wise correlation between cerebral blood flow (CBF) measured using ASL-MRI and cognition in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

    Authors: Tomohiro Kaneta, Omi Katsuse, Takamasa Hirano, Matsuyoshi Ogawa, Ayako Shihikura-Hino, Keisuke Yoshida, Toshinari Odawara, Yoshio Hirayasu and Tomio Inoue

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:91

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to examine the stability and relative validity (RV) of the Neuromuscular Disease Impact Profile (NMDIP) using criterion-related groups. In a previous study the NMDIP-scales showed goo...

    Authors: Isaäc Bos, Jan B.M. Kuks, Josué Almansa, Hubertus P.H. Kremer and Klaske Wynia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:87

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain syndrome. A plausible pathogenesis of the disease is uncertain and the pursuit of measurable biomarkers for objective identification of affected individuals is a c...

    Authors: Bontle G. Malatji, Helgard Meyer, Shayne Mason, Udo F.H. Engelke, Ron A. Wevers, Mari van Reenen and Carolus J. Reinecke

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:88

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There are contradictory reports concerning the validity of transcranial sonography (TCD and TCCS) for examinations of the basilar artery. Here we investigated sensitivity and specificity of transcranial sonogr...

    Authors: Woori Koh, Kai Kallenberg, André Karch, Tobias Frank, Michael Knauth, Mathias Bähr and Jan Liman

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:89

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Patients with traumatic brain injury often have balance and attentive disorders. Video game therapy (VGT) has been proposed as a new intervention to improve mobility and attention through a reward-learning app...

    Authors: Sofia Straudi, Giacomo Severini, Amira Sabbagh Charabati, Claudia Pavarelli, Giulia Gamberini, Anna Scotti and Nino Basaglia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:86

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) is widely considered to be a distinct clinical entity, and now divided into two subgroups: stable UCTD and early UCTD. The most frequent onset symptoms of UCTD...

    Authors: Ying Du, Chuan Li, Dai-di Zhao, Jia-rui Lu, Wei Zhang and Zhu-yi Li

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:85

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used to activate skeletal muscles and reverse muscle atrophy in clinical populations. Clinical recommendations for NMES suggest the use of short pulse wi...

    Authors: Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U. Newton, Gabriel S. Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S. Pulverenti and Anthony J. Blazevich

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:82

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is presented by a large heterogeneity of clinical phenotypes. Around 50% of patients suffer from typical CIDP and show better therapy response than atyp...

    Authors: M. Staudt, J. M. Diederich, C. Meisel, A. Meisel and J. Klehmet

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:81

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In randomised studies, the capsaicin 8% patch has demonstrated effective pain relief in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) arising from different aetiologies.

    Authors: Colette Mankowski, Chris D. Poole, Etienne Ernault, Roger Thomas, Ellen Berni, Craig J. Currie, Cecil Treadwell, José I. Calvo, Christina Plastira, Eirini Zafeiropoulou and Isaac Odeyemi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:80

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Dengue encephalitis is a rare neurological manifestation of dengue fever. Its clinical presentation is similar to other viral encephalitides and encephalopathy. No single specific finding on magnetic resonance...

    Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg, Imran Rizvi, Rajan Ingole, Amita Jain, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar and Dhruv Batra

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:79

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most frequent diagnosis of progressive degenerative dementia in older people. Delusions are common features in DLB and, among them, Capgras syndrome represents the...

    Authors: Paolo Solla, Gioia Mura, Antonino Cannas, Gianluca Floris, Davide Fonti, Gianni Orofino, Mauro Giovanni Carta and Francesco Marrosu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:78

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Clinical predictors for myasthenia gravis relapse and ocular myasthenia gravis secondary generalization during the first two years after disease onset remain incompletely identified. This study attempts to inv...

    Authors: Lili Wang, Yun Zhang and Maolin He

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:77

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Anti-Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies are detected in various demyelinating diseases, such as pediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), recurrent optic neuritis, and aquaporin-...

    Authors: Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Hideto Nakajima, Hiroki Tani, Takafumi Hosokawa, Shimon Ishida, Fumiharu Kimura, Kimihiko Kaneko, Toshiyuki Takahashi and Ichiro Nakashima

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:76

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing age is the biggest risk factor for dementia, of which Alzheimer’s disease is the commonest cause. The pathological changes underpinning Alzheimer’s disease are thought to develop at least a decade p...

    Authors: Christopher A. Lane, Thomas D. Parker, Dave M. Cash, Kirsty Macpherson, Elizabeth Donnachie, Heidi Murray-Smith, Anna Barnes, Suzie Barker, Daniel G. Beasley, Jose Bras, David Brown, Ninon Burgos, Michelle Byford, M. Jorge Cardoso, Ana Carvalho, Jessica Collins…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:75

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  38. Content type: Commentary

    Traditional approaches to clinical research have, as yet, failed to provide effective treatments for vascular dementia (VaD). Novel approaches to collation and synthesis of data may allow for time and cost eff...

    Authors: Fergus N. Doubal, Myzoon Ali, G. David Batty, Andreas Charidimou, Maria Eriksdotter, Martin Hofmann-Apitius, Yun-Hee Kim, Deborah A. Levine, Gillian Mead, Hermann A. M. Mucke, Craig W. Ritchie, Charlotte J. Roberts, Tom C. Russ, Robert Stewart, William Whiteley and Terence J. Quinn

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:72

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  39. Content type: Technical advance

    Transcranial magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound is an emerging technology under evaluation for treatment of essential tremor, a prevalent movement disorder. A qualitative evaluation is performed by a...

    Authors: Fred Tam, Yuexi Huang, Michael L. Schwartz, Tom A. Schweizer, Kullervo Hynynen and Simon J. Graham

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:74

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Down syndrome (DS) has unique physical, motor and cognitive characteristics. Despite cognitive and motor difficulties, there is a possibility of intervention based on the knowledge of motor learning. However, ...

    Authors: Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Talita Dias da Silva, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Felipe Fregni, Luciano Vieira de Araujo, Fernando Henrique Inocêncio Borba Ferreira and Claudio Leone

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:71

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Juglone is a natural pigment, which has cytotoxic effect against various human tumor cells. However, its cytotoxicity to glioma cells, especially to tumor stem-like cells (TSCs) has not been demonstrated.

    Authors: Jinfeng Wu, Haibo Zhang, Yang Xu, Jingwen Zhang, Wei Zhu, Yi Zhang, Liang Chen, Wei Hua and Ying Mao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:70

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Detailed knowledge of every possible manifestation of Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) disease is important. For improving detection and a timely adoption of secondary prevention procedures or treatments. Transie...

    Authors: José Carlos Morán-Sánchez, Irene Gómez-Estévez, Yasmina El Berdei, José C. Gómez-Sánchez and María E. Ramos-Araque

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:69

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